Commands tagged kernel (32)

  • If, for example, you want to remove all kernels and headers but the last three versions, you can't use one of that magic all-in-one "remove old stuff" commands. With this simple but elegant command you can remove a range of versions, or a list of versions with e.g. {14,16,20}. Show Sample Output


    1
    apt purge linux*{14..18}*
    ppq · 2016-04-20 07:44:55 0

  • 2
    sudo apt-get purge $(dpkg -l linux-{image,headers}-"[0-9]*" | awk '/ii/{print $2}' | grep -ve "$(uname -r | sed -r 's/-[a-z]+//')")
    funkjedi · 2015-03-15 15:57:19 1
  • Linux offers an interesting option to restrict the use of dmesg. It is available via /proc/sys/kernel/dmesg_restrict. You can check the status with: cat /proc/sys/kernel/dmesg_restrict Alternatively you can use sysctl: sudo sysctl -w kernel.dmesg_restrict=1 To make your change persistent across reboot, edit a fille in /etc/sysctl.d/.


    1
    sudo sh -c 'echo 1 > /proc/sys/kernel/dmesg_restrict'
    Blacksimon · 2015-03-13 20:54:45 0
  • Use `sysctl -p` without argument will only load /etc/sysctl.conf, but user configs always put in /etc/sysctl.d/*.conf, `sysctl --system` will load all the config files


    7
    sysctl --system
    tankywoo · 2015-01-29 07:56:36 1
  • echo 1 > /proc/sys/sunrpc/nfs_debug && tail -f /var/log/messages to debug NFS issues.


    0
    echo 1 > /proc/sys/sunrpc/nfs_debug
    harpo · 2014-08-12 14:40:55 0

  • 3
    dpkg -l linux-* | awk '/^ii/{ print $2}' | grep -v -e `uname -r | cut -f1,2 -d"-"` | grep -e [0-9] | xargs sudo apt-get -y purge
    yusufk · 2014-01-29 10:42:40 0
  • Fetches latest stable release version from first entry between tags Show Sample Output


    0
    curl -s -k https://www.kernel.org/feeds/kdist.xml | sed -n -e 's@.*<guid>\(.*\)</guid>.*@\1@p' | grep 'stable' | head -1 | awk -F , '{print $3}'
    Wafelijzer · 2013-12-17 23:59:27 0
  • Well, this is quite useful for testing if your hardware watchdog is working properly.


    0
    echo c > /proc/sysrq-trigger
    fangfufu · 2013-05-07 19:41:40 0
  • Returns the version of the kernel module specified as "MODULENAME", when available. Show Sample Output


    1
    lsmod | grep -io MODULENAME| xargs modinfo | grep -iw version
    adriano · 2013-03-18 07:52:14 0
  • Reload all defined kernel variables from /etc/sysctl.conf(if no parameter after -p is given) without the old myth "Ah, you'll need to reboot to apply those variables"... Show Sample Output


    2
    /sbin/sysctl -p
    Risthel · 2013-02-14 12:48:26 0
  • Display the machine "hardware name" 32 or 64 bit. "x86_64" is shown on 64 bit machines "i686" is typically shown on 32 bit machines (although, you might also see "i386" or "i586" on older Linuxen). On other "unix-like" systems, other hardware names will be displayed. For example, on AIX, "uname -m" gives the "machine sequence number". For whatever reason, IBM decided that "uname -M" would give the machine type and model. (ref: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/aix/library/au-aix-systemid.html ) On Sun Solaris, "uname -m" can be used to determine the chip type and "isainfo -v" will reveal if the kernel is 64 or 32 bit. (ref: http://www.ibiblio.org/pub/packages/solaris/sparc/html/32.and.64.bit.packages.html ) A more reliable way to determine "64-bit ness" across different Unix type systems is to compile the following simple C program: cat <<eeooff > bits.c /* * program bits.c * purpose Display "32" or "64" according to machine type * written January 2013 * reference http://www.unix.org/whitepapers/64bit.html */ /* hmm, curious that angle-brackets removed by commandlinefu.com data input processing? */ #include "/usr/include/stdio.h" long lv = 0xFFFFFFFF; main ( ) { printf("%2d\n",(lv < 0)?32:64); } eeooff Compile and run thusly: cc -o bits bits.c; ./bits Show Sample Output


    -4
    uname -m # display machine "hardware name"
    mpb · 2013-01-04 11:46:43 0
  • This is likely only valid on Solaris based systems. Unfortunately a lot of the more universal techniques for determining if a system is 32bit or 64bit on x86 solaris fail to give much more information than "i86pc" Show Sample Output


    1
    isainfo -v
    halcyonblue · 2013-01-04 03:07:28 0

  • 16
    arch
    anapsix · 2013-01-02 17:52:14 3
  • Needed a quick way to see if my server distro that I setup years ago was running 32bit or not, since with time I had forgotten. Note: does not check _hardware_ e.g. /proc/cpuinfo but rather the kernel installed Show Sample Output


    20
    getconf LONG_BIT
    varghjarta · 2012-12-12 23:51:51 3
  • Use modprobe to list all the dependencies of a certain kernel module. Handy when debugging system issues. Show Sample Output


    1
    modprobe --show-depends module_name
    miguelcnf · 2012-08-17 16:54:52 0
  • Remove old kernels (*-generic and *-generic-pae) via apt-get on debian/ubuntu based systems. Tested on ubuntu 10.04 - 12.04.


    3
    sudo apt-get remove $(dpkg -l|awk '/^ii linux-image-/{print $2}'|sed 's/linux-image-//'|awk -v v=`uname -r` 'v>$0'|sed 's/-generic*//'|awk '{printf("linux-headers-%s\nlinux-headers-%s-generic*\nlinux-image-%s-generic*\n",$0,$0,$0)}')
    mtron · 2012-08-15 10:02:12 1
  • Gets the (previously obtainable with: finger @kernel.org ) info of the latest linux kernel versions available. Show Sample Output


    0
    curl 'https://www.kernel.org/kdist/finger_banner'
    Testuser_01 · 2012-03-04 21:10:19 0
  • after kernel build with make deb-pkg, I like to install the 4 newest packages that exist in the directory. Beware: might be fewer for you....


    0
    sudo dpkg -i `ls -tr *.deb | tail -n4`
    _john · 2011-10-09 14:20:11 0
  • since awk was already there one can use it instead of the 2 greps. might not be faster, but fast enough


    0
    apt-get remove $(dpkg -l | awk "/^ii linux-(image|headers)/ && ! /`uname -r`/ {print \$2}")
    _john · 2011-10-09 13:58:47 0
  • Then exit from the shell. exit some time need to exit twice exit exit Now the OS will boot with the new parameters.


    0
    echo "root=/dev/sda7" > /proc/param.conf
    totti · 2011-09-27 18:06:53 0
  • These are way better than fortune(6). Show Sample Output


    2
    grep -2riP '\b(fuck|shit|bitch|tits|ass\b)' /usr/src/linux/
    h3xx · 2011-07-27 23:11:02 1
  • zless /proc/config.gz


    0
    zgrep CONFIG_MAGIC_SYSRQ /proc/config.gz
    h3xx · 2011-07-24 02:06:09 0
  • Same as 7272 but that one was too dangerous so i added -P to prompt users to continue or cancel Note the double space: "...^ii␣␣linux-image-2..." Like 5813, but fixes two bugs: [1]This leaves the meta-packages 'linux-headers-generic' and 'linux-image-generic' alone so that automatic upgrades work correctly in the future. [2]Kernels newer than the currently running one are left alone (this can happen if you didn't reboot after installing a new kernel).


    -1
    sudo aptitude remove -P $(dpkg -l|awk '/^ii linux-image-2/{print $2}'|sed 's/linux-image-//'|awk -v v=`uname -r` 'v>$0'|sed 's/-generic//'|awk '{printf("linux-headers-%s\nlinux-headers-%s-generic\nlinux-image-%s-generic\n",$0,$0,$0)}')
    Bonster · 2011-04-25 05:19:57 0
  • Note the double space: "...^ii␣␣linux-image-2..." Like 5813, but fixes two bugs: [1]This leaves the meta-packages 'linux-headers-generic' and 'linux-image-generic' alone so that automatic upgrades work correctly in the future. [2]Kernels newer than the currently running one are left alone (this can happen if you didn't reboot after installing a new kernel). I'm bummed that this took 228 characters. I'd like to see a simpler version. Show Sample Output


    7
    aptitude remove $(dpkg -l|awk '/^ii linux-image-2/{print $2}'|sed 's/linux-image-//'|awk -v v=`uname -r` 'v>$0'|sed 's/-generic//'|awk '{printf("linux-headers-%s\nlinux-headers-%s-generic\nlinux-image-%s-generic\n",$0,$0,$0)}')
    __ · 2010-12-11 11:38:15 3
  • Disable randomisation address Show Sample Output


    -2
    echo 0 > /proc/sys/kernel/randomize_va_space
    gunslinger_ · 2010-07-11 16:42:42 0
  •  1 2 > 

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