Commands tagged Encryption (28)

  • While I love gpg and truecrypt there's some times when you just want to edit a file and not worry about keys or having to deal needing extra software on hand. Thus, you can use vim's encrypted file format. For more info on vim's encrypted files visit: http://www.vim.org/htmldoc/editing.html#encryption Show Sample Output


    84
    vim -x <FILENAME>
    denzuko · 2009-05-05 23:24:17 6
  • Create an AES256 encrypted and compressed tar archive. User is prompted to enter the password. Decrypt with: openssl enc -d -aes256 -in <file> | tar --extract --file - --gzip


    25
    tar --create --file - --posix --gzip -- <dir> | openssl enc -e -aes256 -out <file>
    seb1245 · 2012-11-27 15:33:45 1
  • Client ~$ ncat --ssl localhost 9876 Change localhost to the correct ip address. Show Sample Output


    19
    ncat -vlm 5 --ssl --chat 9876
    snipertyler · 2014-06-07 19:17:29 0
  • Thanks to OpenSSL, you can quickly and easily generate MD5 hashes for your passwords. Alternative (thanks to linuxrawkstar and atoponce): echo -n 'text to be encrypted' | md5sum - Note that the above method does not utlise OpenSSL. Show Sample Output


    17
    echo -n 'text to be encrypted' | openssl md5
    Zenexer · 2009-03-18 00:11:46 4
  • client$ while true; do read -n30 ui; echo $ui |openssl enc -aes-256-ctr -a -k PaSSw ; done | nc localhost 8877 | while read so; do decoded_so=`echo "$so"| openssl enc -d -a -aes-256-ctr -k PaSSw`; echo -e "Incoming: $decoded_so"; done This will establish a simple encrypted chat with AES-256-CTR using netcat and openssl only. More info here https://nixaid.com/encrypted-chat-with-netcat/


    8
    server$ while true; do read -n30 ui; echo $ui |openssl enc -aes-256-ctr -a -k PaSSw; done | nc -l -p 8877 | while read so; do decoded_so=`echo "$so"| openssl enc -d -a -aes-256-ctr -k PaSSw`; echo -e "Incoming: $decoded_so"; done
    arno · 2014-01-16 14:36:09 0
  • This is just a proof of concept: A FILE WHICH CAN AUTOMOUNT ITSELF through a SIMPLY ENCODED script. It takes advantage of the OFFSET option of mount, and uses it as a password (see that 9191? just change it to something similar, around 9k). It works fine, mounts, gets modified, updated, and can be moved by just copying it. USAGE: SEE SAMPLE OUTPUT The file is composed of three parts: a) The legible script (about 242 bytes) b) A random text fill to reach the OFFSET size (equals PASSWORD minus 242) c) The actual filesystem Logically, (a)+(b) = PASSWORD, that means OFFSET, and mount uses that option. PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS NOT AN ENCRYPTED FILESYSTEM. To improve it, it can be mounted with a better encryption script and used with encfs or cryptfs. The idea was just to test the concept... with one line :) It applies the original idea of http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/7382/command-for-john-cons for encrypting the file. The embedded bash script can be grown, of course, and the offset recalculation goes fine. I have my own version with bash --init-file to startup a bashrc with a well-defined environment, aliases, variables. Show Sample Output


    6
    dd if=/dev/zero of=T bs=1024 count=10240;mkfs.ext3 -q T;E=$(echo 'read O;mount -o loop,offset=$O F /mnt;'|base64|tr -d '\n');echo "E=\$(echo $E|base64 -d);eval \$E;exit;">F;cat <(dd if=/dev/zero bs=$(echo 9191-$(stat -c%s F)|bc) count=1) <(cat T;rm T)>>F
    rodolfoap · 2013-01-31 01:38:30 5
  • (Please see sample output for usage) Use any script name (the read command gets it) and it will be encrypted with the extension .crypt, i.e.: myscript --> myscript.crypt You can execute myscript.crypt only if you know the password. If you die, your script dies with you. If you modify the startup line, be careful with the offset calculation of the crypted block (the XX string). Not difficult to make script editable (an offset-dd piped to a gpg -d piped to a vim - piped to a gpg -c directed to script.new ), but not enough space to do it on a one liner. Sorry for the chmod on parentheses, I dont like "-" at the end. Thanks flatcap for the subshell abbreviation to /dev/null Show Sample Output


    6
    read -p 'Script: ' S && C=$S.crypt H='eval "$((dd if=$0 bs=1 skip=//|gpg -d)2>/dev/null)"; exit;' && gpg -c<$S|cat >$C <(echo $H|sed s://:$(echo "$H"|wc -c):) - <(chmod +x $C)
    rodolfoap · 2013-03-10 08:59:45 9
  • command to decrypt: openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -d < secret.tar.enc | tar x Of course, don't forget to rm the original files ;) You may also want to look at the openssl docs for more options.


    5
    tar c folder_to_encrypt | openssl enc -aes-256-cbc -e > secret.tar.enc
    recursiverse · 2009-07-23 06:03:39 0
  • (Please see sample output for usage) script.bash is your script, which will be crypted to script.secure script.bash --> script.secure You can execute script.secure only if you know the password. If you die, your script dies with you. If you modify the startup line, be careful with the offset calculation of the crypted block (the XX string). Not difficult to make script editable (an offset-dd piped to a gpg -d piped to a vim - piped to a gpg -c directed to script.new ), but not enough space to do it on a one liner. Show Sample Output


    5
    echo "eval \"\$(dd if=\$0 bs=1 skip=XX 2>/dev/null|gpg -d 2>/dev/null)\"; exit" > script.secure; sed -i s:XX:$(stat -c%s script.secure): script.secure; gpg -c < script.bash >> script.secure; chmod +x script.secure
    rodolfoap · 2013-03-09 11:16:48 5
  • To decrypt the files replace "ccenrypt" with "ccdecrypt. ccrypt(1) must be installed. It uses the AES (Rijndael) block cipher. To make it handier create an alias.


    4
    for a in path/* ; do ccenrypt -K <password> $a; done
    P17 · 2009-05-08 18:33:23 2
  • The coolest way I've found to backup a wordpress mysql database using encryption, and using local variables created directly from the wp-config.php file so that you don't have to type them- which would allow someone sniffing your terminal or viewing your shell history to see your info. I use a variation of this for my servers that have hundreds of wordpress installs and databases by using a find command for the wp-config.php file and passing that through xargs to my function. Show Sample Output


    4
    eval $(sed -n "s/^d[^D]*DB_\([NUPH]\)[ASO].*',[^']*'\([^']*\)'.*/_\1='\2'/p" wp-config.php) && mysqldump --opt --add-drop-table -u$_U -p$_P -h$_H $_N | gpg -er AskApache >`date +%m%d%y-%H%M.$_N.sqls`
    AskApache · 2009-08-18 07:03:08 0
  • The lifehacker way: http://lifehacker.com/software/top/geek-to-live--encrypt-your-data-178005.php#Alternate%20Method:%20OpenSSL "That command will encrypt the unencrypted-data.tar file with the password you choose and output the result to encrypted-data.tar.des3. To unlock the encrypted file, use the following command:" openssl des3 -d -salt -in encrypted-data.tar.des3 -out unencrypted-data.tar Show Sample Output


    3
    openssl des3 -salt -in unencrypted-data.tar -out encrypted-data.tar.des3
    berot3 · 2009-10-03 03:50:46 3
  • This is a quick and easy way of encrypting files in a datastream, without ever really creating an output file from gpg. Useful with cron also, when file(s) have to be sent based on a set schedule.


    3
    cat private-file | gpg2 --encrypt --armor --recipient "Disposable Key" | mailx -s "Email Subject" user@email.com
    slashdot · 2009-10-19 20:38:37 0
  • When debugging an ssh connection either to optimize your settings ie compression, ciphers, or more commonly for debugging an issue connecting, this alias comes in real handy as it's not easy to remember the '-o LogLevel=DEBUG3' argument, which adds a boost of debugging info not available with -vvv alone. Especially useful are the FD info, and the setup negotiation to create a cleaner, faster connection. Show Sample Output


    3
    alias sshv='ssh -vvv -o LogLevel=DEBUG3'
    AskApache · 2010-10-30 11:23:52 0
  • This should automatically mount it to /media/truecrypt1. Further mounts will go to /media/truecrypt2, and so on. You shouldn't need sudo/su if your permissions are right. I alias tru='truecrypt' since tr and true are commands. To explicitly create a mount point do: tru volume.tc /media/foo To make sure an GUI explorer window (nautilus, et al) opens on the mounted volume, add: --explorer To see what you currently have mounted do: tru -l To dismount a volume do: tru -d volume.tc. To dismount all mounted volumes at once do: tru -d Tested with Truecrypt v6.3a / Ubuntu 9.10


    2
    truecrypt volume.tc
    rkulla · 2010-04-14 18:34:09 0
  • You need to be root to do this. So check the command before running it. You enter the same password for Enter LUKS passphrase: Verify passphrase: Enter passphrase for /dev/loopn: ___ You can then copy the .img file to somewhere else. Loop it it with losetup -f IMAGENAME.img and then mount it with a file manager (eg nemo) or run mount /dev/loopn /media/mountfolder Acts similar to a mounted flash drive Show Sample Output


    2
    edrv() { N=${1:-edrv}; truncate -s ${2:-256m} $N.img && L=$(losetup -f) && losetup $L $N.img && cryptsetup luksFormat --batch-mode $L && cryptsetup luksOpen $L $N && mkfs.vfat /dev/mapper/$N -n $N; cryptsetup luksClose $N; echo losetup -d $L to unmount; }
    snipertyler · 2014-02-24 01:38:21 3
  • I noticed some spammer posted an advertisement here for "not bad" encryption. Unfortunately, their software only runs under Microsoft Windows and fails to work from the commandline. My shell script improves upon those two aspects, with no loss in security, using the exact same "military-grade" encryption technology, which has the ultra-cool codename "ROT-13". For extra security, I recommend running ROT-13 twice. Show Sample Output


    1
    tr '[A-Za-z]' '[N-ZA-Mn-za-m]'
    hackerb9 · 2010-04-30 10:07:27 1
  • Here Strings / A variant of here documents, the format is: (from bash manpage)


    1
    md5sum<<<'text to be encrypted'
    waldvogel · 2012-02-14 19:57:52 0

  • 1
    echo -n 'the_password' | md5sum -
    jfreak53 · 2012-06-04 13:18:33 0
  • To decrypt: openssl aes-256-cbc -d -in secrets.txt.enc -out secrets.txt.new Reference: http://tombuntu.com/index.php/2007/12/12/simple-file-encryption-with-openssl Optional parameter -a makes output base64 encoded, can be viewed in text editor or pasted in email


    1
    openssl aes-256-cbc -salt -in secrets.txt -out secrets.txt.enc
    jrdbz · 2013-04-13 19:33:37 0
  • This function will encrypt a bash script and will only execute it after providing the passphrase. Requires mcrypt to be installed on the system. cat hello #!/bin/bash case "$1" in ""|-h) echo "This is the fantastic Hello World. Try this:" $(basename $0) "[entity]" ;; moon) echo Good night. ;; sun) echo Good morning. ;; world) echo "Hello, world!" ;; *) echo Hi, $@. ;; esac scrypt hello Enter the passphrase (maximum of 512 characters) Please use a combination of upper and lower case letters and numbers. Enter passphrase: Enter passphrase: Stdin was encrypted. cat hello.scrypt . <(echo "$(/usr/bin/tail -n+2 $0|base64 -d|mcrypt -dq)");exit; AG0DQHJpam5kYWVsLTEyOAAgAGNiYwBtY3J5cHQtc2hhMQAV34412aaE8sRzQPQzi09YaNQPedBz aGExAARvB6A/HYValW4txoCFmrlp57lmvhKBbM4p+OUiZcCxr6Y+Mm7ogg3Y14pHi0CrfT70Tubq 9g8/kNJrQr7W/ogHpVuOOdD0YfuRatrV7W2+OlNQ63KX780g4qTHrTqNnyLp8sF5RQ7GwxyZ0Oti kROtVIU4g4+QAtn/k/e7h7yt4404VF1zzCYRSw20wmJz1o/Z0XO7E/DFBr5Bau7bWjnF7CRVtims HGrDwv1miTtAcyB9PknymDxhSyjDUdNhqXGBIioUgqjX1CKgedtO0hQp050MiQd3I6HacpSrVUIW kuuS+BtMrxHDy+48Mh1hidV5JQFP7LP5k+yAVLpeHd2m2eIT1rjVE/Bp2cQVkpODzXcWQDUAswUd vulvj/kWDQ== ./hello This is the fantastic Hello World. Try this: hello [entity] ./hello.scrypt Enter passphrase: This is the fantastic Hello World. Try this: hello.scrypt [entity] ./hello world Hello, world! ./hello.scrypt world Enter passphrase: Hello, world! Show Sample Output


    1
    scrypt(){ [ -n "$1" ]&&{ echo '. <(echo "$(tail -n+2 $0|base64 -d|mcrypt -dq)"); exit;'>$1.scrypt;cat $1|mcrypt|base64 >>$1.scrypt;chmod +x $1.scrypt;};}
    rodolfoap · 2017-06-14 16:27:20 2
  • From time to time one forgets either thier gpg key or other passphrases. This can be very problematic in most cases. But luckily there's this script. Its based off of pwsafe which is a unix commandline program that manages encrypted password databases. For more info on pwsafe visit, http://nsd.dyndns.org/pwsafe/. What this script does is it will help you store all your passphrases for later on and allow you to copy it to your clipboard so you can just paste it in, all with one password. Pretty neat no? You can find future releases of this and many more scripts at The Teachings of Master Denzuko - denzuko.wordpress.com. Show Sample Output


    0
    pwsafe -qa "gpg keys"."$(finger `whoami` | grep Name | awk '{ print $4" "$5 }')"
    denzuko · 2009-05-07 14:49:56 0
  • Decrypt with: gpg -o- foo.tgz.gpg | tar zxvf -


    0
    tar zcf - foo | gpg -c --cipher-algo aes256 -o foo.tgz.gpg
    skkzsh · 2013-03-13 09:44:39 0
  • Create compressed, encrypted backup from $source to $targetfile with password $key and exclude-file $excludefile


    0
    tar --exclude-from=$excludefile -zcvp "$source" | openssl aes-128-cbc -salt -out $targetfile -k $key
    klausman · 2013-12-13 19:35:20 0
  • echo defaults to include a newline character at the end of the string, which messes with the hash. If you suppress it with -n then it has the same effect as PHP's ?echo md5("string"), "\t-";? Even more, by using cut you get the exact same output, so it works as a drop-in replacement for the original command for this thread. Show Sample Output


    0
    echo -n "string" | md5sum|cut -f 1 -d " "
    labadf · 2014-02-20 22:44:00 0
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