Commands tagged hostname (9)

  • I usually have 5 or more ssh connections to various servers, and putting this command in my .bash_profile file makes my putty window or x terminal window title change to this easily recognizable and descriptive text. Includes the username, group, server hostname, where I am connecting from (for SSH tunneling), which device pts, current server load, and how many processes are running. You can also use this for your PROMPT_COMMAND variable, which updates the window title to the current values each time you exec a command. I prefix running this in my .bash_profile with [[ ! -z "$SSH_TTY" ]] && which makes sure it only does this when connecting via SSH with a TTY. Here's some rougher examples from http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html # If set, the value is executed as a command prior to issuing each primary prompt. #H=$((hostname || uname -n) 2>/dev/null | sed 1q);W=$(whoami) #export PROMPT_COMMAND='echo -ne "\033]0;${W}@${H}:${PWD/#$HOME/~} ${SSH_TTY/\/dev\//} [`uptime|sed -e "s/.*: \([^,]*\).*/\1/" -e "s/ //g"`]\007"' #PROMPT_COMMAND='echo -ne "\033]0;`id -un`:`id -gn`@`hostname||uname -n 2>/dev/null|sed 1q` `command who -m|sed -e "s%^.* \(pts/[0-9]*\).*(\(.*\))%[\1] (\2)%g"` [`uptime|sed -e "s/.*: \([^,]*\).*/\1/" -e "s/ //g"` / `command ps aux|wc -l`]\007"' #[[ -z "$SSH_TTY" ]] || export PROMPT_COMMAND #[[ -z "$SSH_TTY" ]] && [[ -f /dev/stdout ]] && SSH_TTY=/dev/stdout And here's a simple function example for setting the title: function set_window_title(){ echo -e "\033]0; ${1:-$USER@$HOST - $SHLVL} \007"; } Show Sample Output


    4
    echo -ne "\033]0;`id -un`:`id -gn`@`hostname||uname -n|sed 1q` `who -m|sed -e "s%^.* \(pts/[0-9]*\).*(\(.*\))%[\1] (\2)%g"` [`uptime|sed -e "s/.*: \([^,]*\).*/\1/" -e "s/ //g"` / `ps aux|wc -l`]\007"
    AskApache · 2009-09-19 06:57:53 1
  • Get your ip address, hostname, ASN and geolocation information. If you want just one field as a text response you can also get that,eg curl ipinfo.io/ip Show Sample Output


    2
    curl ipinfo.io
    coderholic · 2013-10-31 05:16:47 0
  • With sed you can replace strings on the fly.


    1
    sed -i 's/oldname/newname/' /etc/hosts /etc/hostname
    adria · 2014-11-02 22:03:48 0
  • When booting a VM through OpenStack and managed through cloudinit, the hosts file gets to write a line simiar to 127.0.1.1 ns0.novalocal ns0 This command proven useful while installing a configuration manager such as Salt Stack (or Puppet, or Ansible) and getting node name


    0
    sed -e "s/^127.0.1.1 $(hostname).novalocal/127.0.1.1/g" /etc/hosts
    renoirb · 2014-09-25 15:38:43 1
  • useful for human readable reports Show Sample Output


    0
    echo "$HOSTNAME restarted $(uptime | tr , ' ' | awk '{print $3" "$4}') ago"
    forestb · 2015-11-20 19:25:15 0
  • I use it after a clean CentOS 7 minimal server installation to automatically populate the /etc/hosts file. Not sure why the installation does not add this entry by itself. Tested on CentOS 7 with the simplest use case: 1 static ip address and the hostname provided during installation. Show Sample Output


    0
    echo "$(ip addr show dev $(ip r | grep -oP 'default.*dev \K\S*') | grep -oP '(?<=inet )[^/]*(?=/)') $(hostname -f) $(hostname -s)"
    acavagni · 2019-06-15 16:40:38 0
  • I've seen some versions of hostname that don't have the -i option, so this may not work everywhere. When available, it's a better alternative than using ifconfig and wasting eyeball muscle to search for the address, and it's definitely simpler than using awk/sed.


    -2
    hostname -i
    kFiddle · 2009-04-17 21:26:56 3
  • The command above has been changed due to very good constructive criticism - thanks x 2! This command can be used after acquiring mac's, ip's and hostname's or any of the above from a freshly scanned LAN. User must be root, and remember to change your settings on your network managing software manually (Fedc10 NetworkManager Applet 0.7.1 is mine) instead of 'auto DHCP'. You can also substitute eth0 for wlan0 etc - be good and ENJOY!


    -3
    ifconfig eth0 down hw ether (newmacaddresshere) && ifconfig eth0 up && ifconfig eth0 (newipaddresshere) netmask 255.255.255.0 up && /bin/hostname (newhostnamehere)
    localGhost · 2009-06-04 20:25:49 2

  • -3
    python -c "import platform; print platform.node()"
    keimlink · 2010-03-24 09:09:34 0

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