Commands tagged encoding (12)

  • This is just a proof of concept: A FILE WHICH CAN AUTOMOUNT ITSELF through a SIMPLY ENCODED script. It takes advantage of the OFFSET option of mount, and uses it as a password (see that 9191? just change it to something similar, around 9k). It works fine, mounts, gets modified, updated, and can be moved by just copying it. USAGE: SEE SAMPLE OUTPUT The file is composed of three parts: a) The legible script (about 242 bytes) b) A random text fill to reach the OFFSET size (equals PASSWORD minus 242) c) The actual filesystem Logically, (a)+(b) = PASSWORD, that means OFFSET, and mount uses that option. PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS NOT AN ENCRYPTED FILESYSTEM. To improve it, it can be mounted with a better encryption script and used with encfs or cryptfs. The idea was just to test the concept... with one line :) It applies the original idea of for encrypting the file. The embedded bash script can be grown, of course, and the offset recalculation goes fine. I have my own version with bash --init-file to startup a bashrc with a well-defined environment, aliases, variables. Show Sample Output

    dd if=/dev/zero of=T bs=1024 count=10240;mkfs.ext3 -q T;E=$(echo 'read O;mount -o loop,offset=$O F /mnt;'|base64|tr -d '\n');echo "E=\$(echo $E|base64 -d);eval \$E;exit;">F;cat <(dd if=/dev/zero bs=$(echo 9191-$(stat -c%s F)|bc) count=1) <(cat T;rm T)>>F
    rodolfoap · 2013-01-31 01:38:30 7

  • 4
    iconv -f utf8 -t utf16 /path/to/file
    imsaar · 2009-12-01 21:02:58 0
  • Useful if non-ascii characters in filenames have been improperly encoded. Replace "PROBLEM" with the incorrect characters (e.g. 'é'), and "FIX" with the correct ones (e.g. '?').

    for i in *;do mv "$i" "$(echo $i | sed s/PROBLEM/FIX/g)";done
    AlecSchueler · 2009-06-28 01:50:25 11
  • Get gzip compressed web page using wget. Caution: The command will fail in case website doesn't return gzip encoded content, though most of thw websites have gzip support now a days.

    wget -q -O- --header\="Accept-Encoding: gzip" <url> | gunzip > out.html
    ashish_0x90 · 2010-11-27 22:14:42 2

  • 3
    find . -iname *.java -type f -exec bash -c "iconv -f WINDOWS-1252 -t UTF-8 {} > {}.tmp " \; -exec mv {}.tmp {} \;
    miguelbaldi · 2012-01-12 20:00:26 0
  • This command gives you the charset of a text file, which would be handy if you have no idea of the encoding. Show Sample Output

    file -i <textfile>
    juvenn · 2009-09-08 01:33:19 1
  • MEncoder can create MPEG (MPEG-PS) format output files. Usually, when you are using MPEG-1 or MPEG-2 video, it is because you are encoding for a constrained format such as SVCD, VCD, or DVD. To change MEncoder's output file format, use the -of mpeg option. Creating an MPEG-1 file suitable to be played on systems with minimal multimedia support, such as default Windows installs: mencoder input.avi -of mpeg -mpegopts format=mpeg1:tsaf:muxrate=2000 \ -o output.mpg -oac lavc -lavcopts acodec=mp2:abitrate=224 -ovc lavc \ -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg1video:vbitrate=1152:keyint=15:mbd=2:aspect=4/3

    mencoder input.avi -of mpeg -ovc lavc -lavcopts vcodec=mpeg1video \ -oac copy other_options -o output.mpg
    slishan · 2010-01-18 13:12:03 0
  • Really helpfull when play with files having spaces an other bad name. Easy to store and access names and path in just a field while saving it in a file. This format (URL) is directly supported by nautilus and firefox (and other browsers) Show Sample Output

    convert_path2uri () { echo -n 'file://'; echo -n "$1" | perl -pe 's/([^a-zA-Z0-9_\/.])/sprintf("%%%.2x", ord($1))/eg' ;} #convert2uri '/tmp/a b' ### convert file path to URI
    totti · 2013-07-01 08:54:45 0
  • Like the original command, but the -f allows this one to succeed even if the website returns uncompressed data. From gzip(1) on the -f flag: If the input data is not in a format recognized by gzip, and if the --stdout is also given, copy the input data without change to the standard output: let zcat behave as cat.

    wget -q -O- --header="Accept-Encoding: gzip" <url> | gzip -cdf > out.html
    tempusername · 2014-11-29 20:42:21 2

  • 0
    uchardet <filename>
    fltman · 2014-11-28 07:47:13 1
  • I still don't know why mutt (or offlineimap or whatever in between), is borking the encoding of my files, but this fixes it. Show Sample Output

    fix_saved_files() { for i in "$@" ; do mv $i $(php -r '$or = "'$i'"; mb_internal_encoding("UTF-8"); echo mb_decode_mimeheader($or) . "\n";') ; done; }
    guillaume · 2014-12-27 20:37:16 1
  • Also works with files: cat file Hello world base64 file SGVsbG8gd29ybGQK To decrypt use the -d option: echo SGVsbG8gd29ybGQK | base64 -d Hello world Show Sample Output

    echo "Hello world" | base64
    P17 · 2009-04-27 15:00:08 8

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Jump up to any directory above the current one
Usage: upto directory

move you up one directory quickly
Alias a single character 'b' to move to parent directory. Put it into your .bashrc or .profile file. Using "cd .." is one of the most repetitive sequence of characters you'll in the command line. Bring it down to two keys 'b' and 'enter'. It stands for "back" Also useful to have multiple: alias b='cd ../' alias bb='cd ../../' alias bbb='cd ../../../' alias bbbb='cd ../../../../'

Group OR'd commands where you expect only one to work
Something to stuff in an alias when you are working in multiple environments. The double-pipe OR will fall through until one of the commands succeeds, and the rest won't be executed. Any STDERR will fall out, but the STDOUT from the correct command will bubble out of the parenthesis to the less command, or some other command you specify.

export iPad App list to txt file
This will generate the same output without changing the current directory, and filepath will be relative to the current directory. Note: it will (still) fail if your iTunes library is in a non-standard location.

gpg encrypt a file
gpg command to encrypt a file on the command line.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

list files recursively by size

Turn shell tracing and verbosity (set -xv) on/off with 1 command!
Running this command turns shell tracing and shell verbose debugging on or off. Not only does it do that, it also uses your terminals builtin method of setting colors to make debugging much easier. It looks at the current shell options contained in the $- special bash variable and that lets this function set the opposite of the current value. So from the shell you could do a: $ setx; echo "y" | ( cat -t ) | echo "d"; setx and it will turn on debbuggin. This is an amazingly useful function that is perfect to add system-wide by adding it to /etc/profile or /etc/bashrc.. You can run it from the shell, and you can also use it in your shell scripts like my .bash_profile -

Speak the top 6 lines of your twitter timeline every 5 minutes.....
Pump up the chatter, run this script on a regular basis to listen to your twitter timeline. This is a rough first cut using several cli clips I have spotted around. There is no facility to not read those things already read to you. This could also easily be put in a loop for timed onslaught from the chatterverse, though I think it might violate several pointsof the Geneva Convention UPDATE - added a loop, only reads the first 6 twits, and does this every 5 mins.

Find broken symlinks and delete them
recursively deletes all broken symlinks using zsh globbing syntax.

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