Commands tagged array (8)

  • If you should happen to find yourself needing some binary numbers, this is a quickie way of doing it. If you need more digits, just add more "{0..1}" sequences for each digit you need. You can assign them to an array, too, and access them by their decimal equivalent for a quickie binary to decimal conversion (for larger values it's probably better to use another method). Note: this works in bash, ksh and zsh. For zsh, though, you'll need to issue a setopt KSH_ARRAYS to make the array zero-based. binary=({0..1}{0..1}{0..1}{0..1}) echo ${binary[9]} Show Sample Output

    echo {0..1}{0..1}{0..1}{0..1}
    dennisw · 2009-06-23 17:30:20 5

  • 10
    read -a ARR <<<'world domination now!'; echo ${ARR[2]};
    unefunge · 2010-12-03 16:27:03 2
  • Convert some decimal numbers to binary numbers. You could also build a general base-converter: function convBase { echo "ibase=$1; obase=$2; $3" | bc; } then you could write function decToBun { convBase 10 2 $1; } Show Sample Output

    function decToBin { echo "ibase=10; obase=2; $1" | bc; }
    woxidu · 2009-11-24 22:57:58 0
  • Like 7171, but fixed typo, uses fewer variables, and even more cryptic! Show Sample Output

    read -a A<<<".*.**..*....*** 8 9 5 10 6 0 2 11 7 4";for C in `date +"%H%M"|fold -w1`;do echo "${A:${A[C+1]}:4}";done
    __ · 2010-12-02 22:04:49 1
  • This type of join is clearly documented in the bash manual. Only the first character of IFS is used for the delimiter. Show Sample Output

    (IFS=,; echo "${array[*]}")
    aspiers · 2013-09-25 10:36:38 0
  • cryptic version Show Sample Output

    read -a A <<<"8 9 5 10 6 0 3 11 7 4";B='.*.**..*....***';for C in $(date +"%H%M"|fold -w1);do echo "${B:${A[C]}:4}";done
    unefunge · 2010-11-26 11:29:23 2
  • I was looking for the fastest way to create a bunch of ansi escapes for use in echo -e commands throughout a lot of my shell scripts. This is what I came up with, and I actually stick that loop command in a function and then just call that at the beginning of my scripts to not clutter the environment with these escape codes, which can wreck havok on my terminal when I'm dumping the environment. More of a cool way to store escape ansi codes in an array. You can echo them like: echo -e "${CC[15]}This text is black on bright green background." I usually just use with a function: # setup_colors - Adds colors to array CC for global use # 30 - Black, 31 - Red, 32 - Green, 33 - Yellow, 34 - Blue, 35 - Magenta, 36 - Blue/Green, 37 - White, 30/42 - Black on Green '30\;42' function setup_colors(){ declare -ax CC; for i in `seq 0 7`;do ii=$(($i+7));CC[$i]="\033[1;3${i}m";CC[$ii]="\033[0;3${i}m";done;CC[15]="\033[30;42m"; export R='\033[0;00m';export X="\033[1;37m"; }; export -f setup_colors CC[15] has a background of bright green which is why it is separate. R resets everything, and X is my default font of bright white. CC[15]="\033[30;42m"; R=$'\033[0;00m'; X=$'\033[1;37m' Those are just my favorite colors that I often use in my scripts. You can test which colors by running for i in $(seq 0 $((${#CC[@]} - 1))); do echo -e "${CC[$i]}[$i]\n$R"; done See: for more usage. Show Sample Output

    declare -ax CC; for i in `seq 0 7`;do ii=$(($i+7)); CC[$i]="\033[1;3${i}m"; CC[$ii]="\033[0;3${i}m"; done
    AskApache · 2009-09-21 07:00:55 4
  • Ever need to get some text that is a specific number of characters long? Use this function to easily generate it! Doesn't look pretty, but sure does work for testing purposes! Show Sample Output

    genRandomText() { a=( a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z );f=0;for i in $(seq 1 $(($1-1))); do r=$(($RANDOM%26)); if [ "$f" -eq 1 -a $(($r%$i)) -eq 0 ]; then echo -n " ";f=0;continue; else f=1;fi;echo -n ${a[$r]};done;echo"";}
    bbbco · 2012-01-20 21:18:16 0

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Set Time Zone in Ubuntu
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Efficiently extract lines between markers
GNU Sed can 'address' between two regex, but it continues parsing through to the end of the file. This slight alteration causes it to terminate reading the input file once the STOP match is made. In my example I have included an extra '/START/d' as my 'start' marker line contains the 'stop' string (I'm extracting data between 'resets' and using the time stamp as the 'start'). My previous coding using grep is slightly faster near the end of the file, but overall (extracting all the reset cycles in turn) the new SED method is quicker and a lot neater.

This is N5 sorta like rot13 but with numbers only
This is N5 sorta like rot13 but with numbers only. Encrypt echo "$1" | xxd -p | tr '0-9' '5-90-6' Decrypt echo "$1" | tr '0-9' '5-90-6' | xxd -r -p

To find the count of each open file on a system (that supports losf)

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