Commands tagged latex (9)

  • This is an example of the usage of pdfnup (you can find it in the 'pdfjam' package). With this command you can save ink/toner and paper (and thus trees!) when you print a pdf. This tools are very configurable, and you can make also 2x2, 3x2, 2x3 layouts, and more (the limit is your fantasy and the resolution of the printer :-) You must have installed pdfjam, pdflatex, and the LaTeX pdfpages package in your box. Show Sample Output


    3
    pdfnup --nup 2x1 --frame true --landscape --outfile output.pdf input.pdf
    TetsuyO · 2010-12-21 14:20:06 0
  • If the pdf/dvi/etc documentation for a latex package is already part of your local texmf tree, then texdoc will find and display it for you. If the documentation is not available on your system, it will bring up the package's webpage at CTAN to help you investigate. Show Sample Output


    2
    texdoc packagename
    bwoodacre · 2010-05-23 20:02:32 0

  • 1
    grep -R usepackage * | cut -d']' -f2 | cut -s -d'{' -f 2 | sed s/"}"/.sty"}"/g | cut -d'}' -f1 | sort | uniq | xargs dpkg -S | cut -d':' -f1 | sort | uniq
    prayer · 2010-05-22 19:37:26 1

  • 1
    dwdiff -c a.tex b.tex | less -R
    fubunny · 2011-07-27 15:24:35 1
  • It is often recommended to enclose capital letters in a BibTeX file in braces, so the letters will not be transformed to lower case, when imported from LaTeX. This is an attempt to apply this rule to a BibTeX database file. DO NOT USE sed '...' input.bib > input.bib as it will empty the file! How it works: /^\s*[^@%]/ Apply the search-and-replace rule to lines that start (^) with zero or more white spaces (\s*), followed by any character ([...]) that is *NOT* a "@" or a "%" (^@%). s=<some stuff>=<other stuff>=g Search (s) for some stuff and replace by other stuff. Do that globally (g) for all matches in each processed line. \([A-Z][A-Z]*\)\([^}A-Z]\|},$\) Matches at least one uppercase letter ([A-Z][A-Z]*) followed by a character that is EITHER not "}" and not a capital letter ([^}A-Z]) OR (|) it actually IS a "}", which is followed by "," at the end of the line ($). Putting regular expressions in escaped parentheses (\( and \), respectively) allows to dereference the matched string later. {\1}\2 Replace the matched string by "{", followed by part 1 of the matched string (\1), followed by "}", followed by the second part of the matched string (\2). I tried this with GNU sed, only, version 4.2.1. Show Sample Output


    1
    sed '/^\s*[^@%]/s=\([A-Z][A-Z]*\)\([^}A-Z]\|},$\)={\1}\2=g' literature.bib > output.bib
    michelsberg · 2013-01-15 22:24:17 2
  • LaTeX is not a smart compiler - You need to run it several times to make it back-patch all the missing refs. The message if to do so or not is buried in its endless output and the log file. This grep lines helps to find it.


    0
    egrep "(There were undefined references|Rerun to get (cross-references|the bars) right)" texfile.log
    gwiener · 2009-07-07 06:48:03 1
  • kpsewhich is a tool for path and file lookup. It is a front-end of the kpathsea library. For one or more given package or file names it returns the complete path from within the TeX installation, that one which the compiler would actually use. Via backticks we can use it as argument to less, more, or any editor. For example: gedit `kpsewhich hyperref.sty` Show Sample Output


    0
    less `kpsewhich scrartcl.cls`
    Stefan · 2012-04-15 11:10:41 0
  • Uses zsh globbing syntax to safely remove all the files known to be generated by LaTeX, but only if there is actually a .tex source file with the same basename present. So we don't accidentally delete a .nav .log or .out file that has nothing to do with LaTeX, e/'[[ -f ${REPLY:r}.tex ]]'/ actually checks for the existance of a .tex file of the same name, beforehand. A different way to do this, would be to glob all *.tex files and generate a globbing pattern from them: TEXTEMPFILES=(*.tex(.N:s/%tex/'(log|toc|aux|nav|snm|out|tex.backup|bbl|blg|bib.backup|vrb|lof|lot|hd|idx)(.N)'/)) ; rm -v ${~TEXTEMPFILES} or, you could use purge() from grml-etc-core ( http://github.com/grml/grml-etc-core/blob/master/usr_share_grml/zsh/functions/purge )


    0
    rm -v *.(log|toc|aux|nav|snm|out|tex.backup|bbl|blg|bib.backup|vrb|lof|lot|hd|idx)(.e/'[[ -f ${REPLY:r}.tex ]]'/)
    xro · 2012-09-18 20:49:28 0
  • List all font names installed in the system. Useful for TeX. Show Sample Output


    0
    fc-list | cut -d':' -f2 | sort -u
    smarx · 2015-12-29 12:23:11 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

easily strace all your apache processes
This one-liner will use strace to attach to all of the currently running apache processes output and piped from the initial "ps auxw" command into some awk.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Recursively remove all empty directories

Safely remove old unused kernels in Ubuntu/Debian
Removes piling kernels from /boot, save the current one. This command DOES NOT remove the 'linux-image-generic' package, so you'll continue getting kernel updates

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

happened to find this not bad software to keep my files and folders safe! Even the free trial version has the fantastic functions to protect any private files from being seen by anyone except me. With it I can encrypt, hide or lock anything I want, amazin
I noticed some spammer posted an advertisement here for "not bad" encryption. Unfortunately, their software only runs under Microsoft Windows and fails to work from the commandline. My shell script improves upon those two aspects, with no loss in security, using the exact same "military-grade" encryption technology, which has the ultra-cool codename "ROT-13". For extra security, I recommend running ROT-13 twice.

Quick access to the ascii table.

BourneShell: Go to previous directory
cd - would return to the previous directory of your cd command. NB: previous dir is always stored in $OLDPWD variable.

Sort by IP address

Search for a word in less
Although less behaves more or less like vim in certain aspects, the vim regex for word boundaries (\< and \>) do not work in less. Instead, use \b to denote a word boundary. Therefore, if you want to search for, say, the word "exit", but do not want to search for exiting, exits, etc., then surround "exit" with \b. This is useful if you need to search for specific occurrences of a keyword or command. \b can also be used at just the beginning and end, if needed.


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: