Commands tagged sh (28)


  • 0
    date +%s
    hollandaisvolant · 2016-02-13 19:04:50 0
  • 1. No for-loop, but xargs. 2. Append "--" in git-reset HEAD command to deal with filenames contained leading hyphen/minus sign (-). 3. Add "--porcelain" option in git-status command for easy-to-parse format when scripting. 4. Add "--no-run-if-empty" option in xargs command to prevent you run it twice and accidentally reset all staged changes. 5. Use zero byte (NUL character) as line terminator instead of newline (\n) to make it more robust to deal with filename with whitespaces. pipe#1: git-status. pipe#2: Use "grep" to filter out "non-added" files. pipe#3: use "sed" to Trim out the leading three characters, reserve the filename. pipe#4: xargs + git-reset... p.s. The "HEAD" in git-reset can be omitted . And, maybe, the third part of this shell pipe (sed) has potential to be enhanced.


    0
    git status --porcelain -z | grep -zZ '^A[ MD] ' | sed -z 's/^...//' | xargs -0 --no-run-if-empty git reset HEAD --
    goldie · 2016-01-24 16:20:08 0

  • 0
    for f in `git status | grep new | awk '{print $3}'`; do git reset HEAD $f ; done
    Wafelijzer · 2015-12-16 22:24:34 4
  • Undocumented syntax, but should work on every shell. It'll list all directories in the current one. Change `*/` into globbing `**/` for recursivity. Show Sample Output


    1
    for d in */;{ echo $d; }
    kenorb · 2015-10-09 16:08:19 0
  • http://ifconfig.me is a web site which shows your public iP address. If you want use your own code, you can use PHP code such as: function getip() { return "".$_SERVER["REMOTE_ADDR"]; } echo getip(); ?> Then, you'll get your IP by 'curl yourfile.php'. Show Sample Output


    0
    curl ifconfig.me
    adria · 2014-11-02 21:57:52 0
  • Easiest way to get the external IP address.


    0
    echo $(wget http://ipecho.net/plain -q -O -)
    KonKar · 2014-10-25 20:25:05 1
  • Allows you to have a list of the domains on the server.


    0
    cat /etc/named.conf | grep -Po '(?<=(named/)).*(?=\.db)'
    KonKar · 2014-10-25 20:16:17 0
  • This command will use grep to read the shortcut (which in the above examle is file.url), and filter out all but the only important line, which contains the website URL, and some extra characters that will need to be removes (for example, URL=http://example.com). The cut command is then used to get rid of the URL= at the beginning. The output is then piped into Firefox, which should interpret the it as a web URL to be opened. Of course, you can replace Firefox with any other broswer. Tested in bash and sh.


    0
    firefox "$(grep -i ^url=* file.url | cut -b 5-)"
    nachos117 · 2014-10-08 05:56:27 0
  • Accepts multiple files via logs.... Substitute "text to grep" for your search string. If you want to alias this, you could do something like this: alias parse-logs='awk "/$1/{print \$1}" ${@[@]:1} | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100'


    0
    awk '/text to grep/{print \$1}' logs... | sort -n | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 100
    impinball · 2014-07-10 20:36:02 0

  • 3
    while true; do clear;awk '{a[$3]+=1};END{for(x in a){print x,a[x]}}' /proc/[0-9]*/stat; sleep 1; done
    wejn · 2014-05-24 21:04:41 0
  • The 'rename' command with the first argument as "'s/\.//'" and the second argument as "" will remove the specified extension from the filenames.


    0
    rename 's/\.sh//' ./*
    abhikeny · 2014-04-02 16:33:25 0
  • If a session with named the same as your username already exists, then attach to it, otherwise create it


    0
    alias ltmux="if tmux has-session -t $USER; then tmux attach -t $USER; else tmux new -s $USER; fi"
    bufferoverflow · 2013-12-10 14:46:28 0
  • url can be like any one of followings: url="MejbOFk7H6c" url="http://youtu.be/MejbOFk7H6c" url="https://youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=MejbOFk7H6c#t" url="//www.youtube.com/v/MejbOFk7H6c?hl=ru_RU&version=3&rel=0" url="http://www.youtube.com/embed/MejbOFk7H6c?feature=player_embedded" If url mismatching, whole url will be returned. Show Sample Output


    2
    sh -c 'url="http://youtu.be/MejbOFk7H6c"; vid="`for i in ".*youtu\.be/\([^\/&?#]\+\)" ".*youtu.\+v[=/]\([^\/&?#]\+\)" ".*youtu.\+embed/\([^\/&?#]\+\)"; do expr "${url}" : "${i}"; done`"; if [ -n "${vid}" ]; then echo ${vid}; else echo "${url}"; fi'
    qwertyroot · 2013-09-04 19:33:09 0
  • Replace '/tmp/file 1.txt' '/tmp/file 2.jpg' with "$NAUTILUS_SCRIPT_SELECTED_FILE_PATHS" for Nautilus script Or with %F for Thunar action If you linking the symlinks itself, but want to link to source files instead of symlinks, use "`readlink -m "$i"`" instead of "$i" like this: for i in '/tmp/file 1.txt' '/tmp/file 2.jpg'; do ln -s "`readlink -m "$i"`" "$i LINK"; done ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ Show Sample Output


    0
    for i in '/tmp/file 1.txt' '/tmp/file 2.jpg'; do ln -s "$i" "$i LINK"; done
    qwertyroot · 2013-08-02 08:30:50 0
  • outputs a f=220Hz guitar string sound (fifth string A) needs ALSA


    7
    f=220;echo "int s=16e3/$f;main(i){unsigned char v[s];read(0,v,s);for(;;)putchar(v[i%s]=(v[i%s]+v[++i%s])/2);}"|gcc -x c -&&./a.out</dev/urandom|aplay -d 2
    tehdog · 2013-06-28 14:52:53 2
  • Also detaches session if attached from somewhere else.


    0
    if tmux has; then tmux attach -d; else tmux new; fi
    Casey · 2013-02-15 14:29:15 0

  • 3
    tmux attach || tmux new
    dirkr · 2012-12-03 07:06:05 1
  • This will list the files in a directory, then zip each one with the original filename individually. video1.wmv -> video1.zip video2.wmv -> video2.zip This was for zipping up large amounts of video files for upload on a Windows machine.


    1
    ls -1 | awk ' { print "zip "$1".zip " $1 } ' | sh
    kaywhydub · 2011-12-14 20:30:56 0
  • poorman's ifstat using just sh and awk. You must change "eth0" with your interface's name. Show Sample Output


    10
    while true; do cat /proc/net/dev; sleep 1; done | awk -v dc="date \"+%T\"" '/eth0/{i = $2 - oi; o = $10 - oo; oi = $2; oo = $10; dc|getline d; close(dc); if (a++) printf "%s %8.2f KiB/s in %8.2f KiB/s out\n", d, i/1024, o/1024}'
    point_to_null · 2011-11-21 05:24:44 8
  • Alternatively, ls -F | grep /\$ but will break on directories containing newlines. Or the safe, POSIX sh way (but will miss dotfiles): for i in *; do test -d "./$i" && printf "%s\n" "$i"; done


    1
    find * -type d -maxdepth 0
    edogawaconan · 2011-08-07 06:04:50 0
  • If you're only using -m or -k, you will need to remember they are either in Megabyte or kilobyte forms. So by using -B, it gives you the unit of the size measurement, which helps you from reading the result faster. You can try with -B K as well. Show Sample Output


    1
    du --max-depth=1 -B M |sort -rn
    unixmonkey20397 · 2011-04-12 15:01:12 0
  • If a tmux session is already running attach it, otherwise create a new one. Useful if you often forget about running tmuxes (or just don't care)


    2
    alias ltmux="if tmux has; then tmux attach; else tmux new; fi"
    tensorpudding · 2010-07-19 01:27:47 0
  • This shows every bit of information that stat can get for any file, dir, fifo, etc. It's great because it also shows the format and explains it for each format option. If you just want stat help, create this handy alias 'stath' to display all format options with explanations. alias stath="stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'" To display on 2 lines: ( F=/etc/screenrc N=c IFS=$'\n'; for L in $(sed 's/%Z./%Z\n/'<<<`stat --h|sed -n '/^ *%/s/^ *%\(.\).*$/\1:%\1/p'`); do G=$(echo "stat -$N '$L' \"$F\""); eval $G; N=fc;done; ) For a similarly powerful stat-like function optimized for pretty output (and can sort by any field), check out the "lll" function http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/5815/advanced-ls-output-using-find-for-formattedsortable-file-stat-info From my .bash_profile -> http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    3
    statt(){ C=c;stat --h|sed '/Th/,/NO/!d;/%/!d'|while read l;do p=${l/% */};[ $p == %Z ]&&C=fc&&echo ^FS:^;echo "`stat -$C $p \"$1\"` ^$p^${l#%* }";done|column -ts^; }
    AskApache · 2010-06-11 23:31:03 0
  • I love this function because it tells me everything I want to know about files, more than stat, more than ls. It's very useful and infinitely expandable. find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n' | sort -rgbS 50% 00761 drwxrw---x askapache:askapache 777:666 [06/10/10 | 06/10/10 | 06/10/10] [d] /web/cg/tmp The key is: # -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n' which believe it or not took me hundreds of tweaking before I was happy with the output. You can easily use this within a function to do whatever you want.. This simple function works recursively if you call it with -r as an argument, and sorts by file permissions. lsl(){ O="-maxdepth 1";sed -n '/-r/!Q1'<<<$@ &&O=;find $PWD $O -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'|sort -rgbS 50%; } Personally I'm using this function because: lll () { local a KS="1 -r -g"; sed -n '/-sort=/!Q1' <<< $@ && KS=`sed 's/.*-sort=\(.*\)/\1/g'<<<$@`; find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'|sort -k$KS -bS 50%; } # i can sort by user lll -sort=3 # or sort by group reversed lll -sort=4 -r # and sort by modification time lll -sort=6 If anyone wants to help me make this function handle multiple dirs/files like ls, go for it and I would appreciate it.. Something very minimal would be awesome.. maybe like: for a; do lll $a; done Note this uses the latest version of GNU find built from source, easy to build from gnu ftp tarball. Taken from my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    7
    find $PWD -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u:%-9g %#5U:%-5G [%AD | %TD | %CD] [%Y] %p\n'
    AskApache · 2010-06-10 22:03:08 4
  • Once you get into advanced/optimized scripts, functions, or cli usage, you will use the sort command alot. The options are difficult to master/memorize however, and when you use sort commands as much as I do (some examples below), it's useful to have the help available with a simple alias. I love this alias as I never seem to remember all the options for sort, and I use sort like crazy (much better than uniq for example). # Sorts by file permissions find . -maxdepth 1 -printf '%.5m %10M %p\n' | sort -k1 -r -g -bS 20% 00761 drwxrw---x ./tmp 00755 drwxr-xr-x . 00701 drwx-----x ./askapache-m 00644 -rw-r--r-- ./.htaccess # Shows uniq history fast history 1000 | sed 's/^[0-9 ]*//' | sort -fubdS 50% exec bash -lxv export TERM=putty-256color Taken from my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html Show Sample Output


    3
    alias sorth='sort --help|sed -n "/^ *-[^-]/s/^ *\(-[^ ]* -[^ ]*\) *\(.*\)/\1:\2/p"|column -ts":"'
    AskApache · 2010-06-10 21:30:31 0
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find and delete empty dirs, start in current working dir

Show complete URL in netstat output
This takes all of the tab spaces, and uses column to put them into the appropriately sized table.

Find the biggest files
Also: * find . -type f -exec ls -s {} \; | sort -n -r | head -5 * find . -type f -exec ls -l {} \; | awk '{print $5 "\t" $9}' | sort -n -r | head -5

for too many arguments by *
$ grep ERROR *.log -bash: /bin/grep: Argument list too long $ echo *.log | xargs grep ERROR /dev/null 20090119.00011.log:DANGEROUS ERROR

Create a single-use TCP proxy with copy to stdout
USAGE: gate listening_port host port Creates listening socket and connects to remote device at host:port. It uses pipes for connection between two sockets. Traffic which goes through pipes is wrote to stdout. I use it for debug network scripts.

show all key and mouse events
for mousevents, move the mouse over the window and click/move etc. usefull for getting mouseKeys, or keyKeys. also usefull for checking if X gets those mouse-events.

Terminal Keyboard Shortcut list
This command will give you a list of available keyboard shortcuts according to stty.

Display top 5 processes consuming CPU

Calculate days on which Friday the 13th occurs
I removed the dependency of the English language

Find the package that installed a command


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