Commands using echo (1,359)

  • Really bored during class so I made this... Basically, you hold period (or whatever) and hit enter after a second and you need to make the next line of periods the same length as the previous line... My record was 5 lines of the same length. It's best if you do it one handed with your pointer on period and ring on enter.


    8
    count="1" ; while true ; do read next ; if [[ "$next" = "$last" ]] ; then count=$(($count+1)) ; echo "$count" ; else count="1" ; echo $count ; fi ; last="$next" ; done
    dabom · 2010-03-30 04:02:29 11
  • gorecord foo.mp4 I've tried all of the screen recorders available for Linux and this is easily the best. xvidcap segfaults; VNC is too much hassle. There are alternatives of this command already here that I am just too lazy to reply to. Messing with the frames per second option, -r, 25 seems to be the best. Any lower and the video will look like a flipbook, if it records at all - -r 10 won't - any faster is the same, oddly enough. Edit: CLF doesn't like my long command to add audio, so here it is in the description. goaddaudio() { if [ $# != 3 ]; then echo 'goaddaudio < audio > < src video > < dst video >' return fi f=goaddaudio$RANDOM ffmpeg -i "$2" &> $f d=$( grep Duration $f | awk '{print $2}' | tr -d ',' ) && rm $f && ffmpeg -i "$1" -i "$2" -r 25 -ab 192k -ar 44100 -sameq -t $d "$3" }


    3
    gorecord() { if [ $# != 1 ]; then echo 'gorecord video.mp4' return fi ffmpeg -f x11grab -s <resolution> -r 25 -i :0.0 -sameq -vcodec mpeg4 "$1" }
    meathive · 2010-03-29 20:21:35 1

  • 2
    ls -d $(echo ${PATH//:/ }) > /dev/null
    ger · 2010-03-25 17:38:57 0
  • This feels more intuitive to me.


    1
    for i in `seq 1 1 50`; do echo -n -; done
    Gosha · 2010-03-25 10:22:19 0
  • The example is a little bit bogus, but applies to any command that takes a while interactively, or might be a bit of a drag on system resources. Once the command's output is saved to a variable, you can then echo "$OUTPUT" to see it in multi-line glory after that. The use of double-quotes around the backticks and during the variable expansion disables any IFS conversion during those two operations. Very useful for reporting that might pull different lines out, like from dmidecode, inq or any other disk detail command. The only caveat is that storing too much in a variable might make your shell process grow.


    0
    OUTPUT="`find / -type f`" ; echo "$OUTPUT" | grep sysrq ; echo "$OUTPUT" | grep sysctl ; echo "$OUTPUT" | less
    DoNotRememberMe · 2010-03-25 05:02:10 0
  • This is just a little snippit to split a large file into smaller chunks (4mb in this example) and then send the chunks off to (e)mail for archival using mutt. I usually encrypt the file before splitting it using openssl: openssl des3 -salt -k <password> -in file.tgz -out file.tgz.des3 To restore, simply save attachments and rejoin them using: cat file.tgz.* > output_name.tgz and if encrypted, decrypt using: openssl des3 -d -salt -k <password> -in file.tgz.des3 -out file.tgz edit: (changed "g" to "e" for political correctness)


    -1
    split -b4m file.tgz file.tgz. ; for i in file.tgz.*; do SUBJ="Backup Archive"; MSG="Archive File Attached"; echo $MSG | mutt -a $i -s $SUBJ YourEmail@(E)mail.com
    tboulay · 2010-03-20 16:49:19 4
  • You think Expansys in all these countries will sell the HTC Desire for the same price? Well, you'll be surprised. Most of them will be sold at 499.99 EUR but the cheapest can be found in Germany and the most expensive, in Belgium.


    2
    for i in be bg cz de es fi fr hu it lv lu at pl pt ro sk si ; do echo -n "$i " ; wget -q -O - http://www.expansys.$i/d.aspx?i=196165 | grep price | sed "s/.*<p id='price'><strong>&euro; \([0-9]*[,.][0-9]*\).*/\1/g"; done
    betsubetsu · 2010-03-18 15:13:20 2
  • Will create a graph of the results for "x bottles of beer on the wall". Requires Gnuplot. Inspired by an xkcd comic: http://xkcd.com/715/ For sample output see: http://tr.im/xbottlesofbeer Show Sample Output


    -1
    (echo "plot '-' with lines"; for x in $(seq 1 100); do curl -s "http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/services/search/web?v=1.0&q=$(echo $x bottles of beer on the wall|sed 's/ /%20/g')"|sed 's/.*"estimatedResultCount":"\([^"]*\)".*/\1\n/';done)|gnuplot -persist
    matthewbauer · 2010-03-17 21:04:36 1
  • There is a limit to how many processes you can run at the same time for each user, especially with web hosts. If the maximum # of processes for your user is 200, then the following sets OPTIMUM_P to 100. OPTIMUM_P=$(( (`ulimit -u` - `find /proc -maxdepth 1 \( -user $USER -o -group $GROUPNAME \) -type d|wc -l`) / 2 )) This is very useful in scripts because this is such a fast low-resource-intensive (compared to ps, who, lsof, etc) way to determine how many processes are currently running for whichever user. The number of currently running processes is subtracted from the high limit setup for the account (see limits.conf, pam, initscript). An easy to understand example- this searches the current directory for shell scripts, and runs up to 100 'file' commands at the same time, greatly speeding up the command. find . -type f | xargs -P $OPTIMUM_P -iFNAME file FNAME | sed -n '/shell script text/p' I am using it in my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html especially for the xargs command. Xargs has a -P option that lets you specify how many processes to run at the same time. For instance if you have 1000 urls in a text file and wanted to download all of them fast with curl, you could download 100 at a time (check ps output on a separate [pt]ty for proof) like this: cat url-list.txt | xargs -I '{}' -P $OPTIMUM_P curl -O '{}' I like to do things as fast as possible on my servers. I have several types of servers and hosting environments, some with very restrictive jail shells with 20processes limit, some with 200, some with 8000, so for the jailed shells my xargs -P10 would kill my shell or dump core. Using the above I can set the -P value dynamically, so xargs always works, like this. cat url-list.txt | xargs -I '{}' -P $OPTIMUM_P curl -O '{}' If you were building a process-killer (very common for cheap hosting) this would also be handy. Note that if you are only allowed 20 or so processes, you should just use -P1 with xargs. Show Sample Output


    1
    echo $(( `ulimit -u` - `find /proc -maxdepth 1 \( -user $USER -o -group $GROUPNAME \) -type d|wc -l` ))
    AskApache · 2010-03-12 08:42:49 0
  • It is helpful to know the current limits placed on your account, and using this shortcut is a quick way to figuring out which values to change for optimization or security. Alias is: alias ulimith="command ulimit -a|sed 's/^.*\([a-z]\))\(.*\)$/-\1\2/;s/^/ulimit /'|tr '\n' ' ';echo" Here's the result of this command: ulimit -c 0 -d unlimited -e 0 -f unlimited -i 155648 -l 32 -m unlimited -n 8192 -p 8 -q 819200 -r 0 -s 10240 -t unlimited -u unlimited -v unlimited -x unlimited ulimit -a core file size (blocks, -c) 0 data seg size (kbytes, -d) unlimited scheduling priority (-e) 0 file size (blocks, -f) unlimited pending signals (-i) 155648 max locked memory (kbytes, -l) 32 max memory size (kbytes, -m) unlimited open files (-n) 8192 pipe size (512 bytes, -p) 8 POSIX message queues (bytes, -q) 819200 real-time priority (-r) 0 stack size (kbytes, -s) 10240 cpu time (seconds, -t) unlimited max user processes (-u) unlimited virtual memory (kbytes, -v) unlimited file locks (-x) unlimited Show Sample Output


    2
    echo "ulimit `ulimit -a|sed -e 's/^.*\([a-z]\))\(.*\)$/-\1\2/'|tr "\n" ' '`"
    AskApache · 2010-03-12 06:46:54 1

  • -1
    function setTerm() { PROFILE=${1}; echo "tell app \"Terminal\" to set current settings of first window to settings set \"${PROFILE}\""|osascript; };
    c3w · 2010-03-11 17:35:26 0
  • See http://code.google.com/apis/analytics/docs/concepts/gaConceptsCookies.html if you are unclear about the Google Analytics cookie system. If Firefox is your daily browser, be a good Orwellian and run this command regularly. If you see, 'SQL error near line 1: database is locked', close Firefox and run again.


    5
    gofuckanalytics() { echo "DELETE FROM moz_cookies WHERE name LIKE '__utm%';" | sqlite3 $( find ~/.mozilla -name cookies.sqlite ) }
    meathive · 2010-03-07 09:16:14 3
  • file displays a files type the -L flag means follow sym-links (as libraries are often sym-linked to another this behavior is likely preferred) more complex behavior (*two* grep commands!) could be used to determine if the file is or is not a shared library.


    -3
    file -L <library> | grep -q '64-bit' && echo 'library is 64 bit' || echo 'library is 32 bit'
    infinull · 2010-03-07 06:31:35 0
  • Determines the flavor of a shared library by looking at the addresses of its exposed functions and seeing if they are 16 bytes or 8 bytes long. The command is written so the library you are querying is passed to a variable up font -- it would be simple to convert this to a bash function or script using this format. Show Sample Output


    2
    libquery=/lib32/libgcc_s.so.1; if [ `nm -D $libquery | sed -n '/[0-9A-Fa-f]\{8,\}/ {p; q;}' | grep "[0-9A-Fa-f]\{16\}" | wc -l` == 1 ]; then echo "$libquery is a 64 bit library"; else echo "$libquery is a 32 bit library"; fi;
    birnam · 2010-03-07 04:24:08 0
  • manda la salida de un comando hacia un servicio de paste y coloca la url de ese paste en el portapapeles


    -4
    (echo "" | xsel -o) ; (programa | wgetpaste -s dpaste | awk '{print $7}' | xsel -ai)
    dvinchi666 · 2010-03-05 09:31:30 3
  • using perl


    1
    echo sortmeplease | perl -pe 'chomp; $_ = join "", sort split //'
    sharfah · 2010-03-04 08:31:19 0
  • Read all contents from current directory and display to stdout.


    -6
    while read f;do echo "$f";done < <(find .)
    unixmonkey8504 · 2010-03-02 14:22:22 0
  • Read all contents from current directory and display it on stdout.


    -8
    find . |while read f;do echo "$f";done
    unixmonkey8504 · 2010-03-02 14:21:15 4
  • find all files in cur dir add to url and append to file


    -2
    find . type f -exec echo http://exg.com/{} \; > file
    unixmonkey8504 · 2010-03-02 14:18:01 0
  • It will only work if the service NETSEND in the Windows machine is enabled.


    9
    echo "message" | smbclient -M NAME_OF_THE_COMPUTER
    mvrilo · 2010-02-28 21:10:46 0
  • Grep for a named process. Show Sample Output


    -4
    psgrep() { if [ ! -z $1 ]; then echo "Grepping for processes matching $1..." ps aux | grep -i $1 | grep -v grep; else echo "!! Need name to grep for"; fi }
    evenme · 2010-02-27 13:47:28 3
  • Change the name of the process and what is echoed to suit your needs. The brackets around the h in the grep statement cause grep to skip over "grep httpd", it is the equivalent of grep -v grep although more elegant. Show Sample Output


    6
    TOTAL_RAM=`free | head -n 2 | tail -n 1 | awk '{ print $2 }'`; PROC_RSS=`ps axo rss,comm | grep [h]ttpd | awk '{ TOTAL += $1 } END { print TOTAL }'`; PROC_PCT=`echo "scale=4; ( $PROC_RSS/$TOTAL_RAM ) * 100" | bc`; echo "RAM Used by HTTP: $PROC_PCT%"
    d34dh0r53 · 2010-02-26 20:29:45 2
  • First argument: string to put a box around. Second argument: character to use for box (default is '=') Same as command #4962, cleaned up, shortened, and more efficient. Now a ' * ' can be used as the box character, and the variables get unset so they don't mess with anything else you might have. They marked c++ as a function for this command, but I'm not sure why. Must be a bug. Show Sample Output


    2
    box(){ c=${2-=}; l=$c$c${1//?/$c}$c$c; echo -e "$l\n$c $1 $c\n$l"; unset c l;}
    mightybs · 2010-02-26 17:14:52 0
  • First argument: string to put a box around. Second argument: character to use for box (default is '=') Same as command #4948, but shorter, and without the utility function. Show Sample Output


    6
    box() { t="$1xxxx";c=${2:-=}; echo ${t//?/$c}; echo "$c $1 $c"; echo ${t//?/$c}; }
    bartonski · 2010-02-26 13:17:12 1
  • The function 'box' takes either one or two arguments. The first argument is a line of text to be boxed, the second argument (optional) is a character to use to draw the box. By default, the drawing character will be '='. The function 'n()' is a helper function used to draw the upper and lower lines of the box, its arguments are a length, and an character to print. (I used 'n' because 'line', 'ln' and 'l' are all commonly used) Show Sample Output


    1
    box() { l=${#1}+4;x=${2:-=};n $l $x; echo "$x $1 $x"; n $l $x; }; n() { for (( i=0; $i<$1; i=$i+1)); do printf $2; done; printf "\n"; }
    bartonski · 2010-02-26 06:56:59 0
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