Commands using expr (16)

  • expr will give you a quick way to do basic math from the CLI. Make sure you escape things like * and leave a space between operators and digits. Show Sample Output


    4
    expr 512 \* 7
    chuckr · 2009-09-23 19:11:38 10
  • watch the seconds of your life tick away - replace YYYY-mm-dd HH:MM:ss w/ your birthtime.


    2
    while [ 0 ]; do expr 2365200000 \- `date +%s` \- `date --date "YYYY-mm-dd HH:MM:ss" +%s`; sleep 1; clear; done
    wwest4 · 2009-02-13 20:02:37 1
  • Same as original, but works in bash


    2
    while [ 1 -lt 2 ]; do i=0; COL=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols)));ROW=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols)));while [ $i -lt $COL ]; do tput cup $i $ROW;echo -e "\033[1;34m" $(cat /dev/urandom | head -1 | cut -c1-1) 2>/dev/null ; i=$(expr $i + 1); done; done
    dave1010 · 2010-05-28 16:07:56 1
  • EXAMPLES jb "next sun 12pm" "/bin/sh ~you/1.sh" & jb "2010-08-29 12:00:00" "~you/1.sh" & jb "29aug2010 gmt" ". ~you/1.sh" & jb 12:00p.m. "nohup ./1.sh" & jb 1min "echo stop!" & SEE ALSO parsedate(3) strftime(3)


    2
    jb() { if [ -z $1 ];then printf 'usage:\njb <"date and/or time"> <"commandline"> &\nsee parsedate(3) strftime(3)\n';else t1=$(date +%s); t2=$(date -d "$1" +%s) ;sleep $(expr $t2 - $t1);$2 ;fi ;}
    argv · 2010-08-26 23:50:42 0
  • Generates labyrinth-like pattern on UTF-8 terminal in bash. For fun ;) Show Sample Output


    2
    while ( true ) ; do if [ $(expr $RANDOM % 2 ) -eq 0 ] ; then echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB1" ; else echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB2" ; fi ; done
    tobi · 2015-01-17 12:46:37 3

  • 1
    expr `find . -type f -printf "%s + "0`
    sraeder · 2011-02-13 00:03:31 0
  • Take a screenshot every 2 seconds and save it as a png file


    1
    i=0;while :; do i=$(expr "$i" + 1); scrot "$i".png; sleep 2; done;
    scripteles · 2011-05-27 00:25:28 0
  • command was too long... this is the complete command: fname=$1; f=$( ls -la $fname ); if [ -n "$f" ]; then fsz=$( echo $f | awk '{ print $5 }' ); if [ "$fsz" -ne "0" ]; then nrrec=$( wc -l $fname | awk '{ print $1 }' ); recsz=$( expr $fsz / $nrrec ); echo "$recsz"; else echo "0"; fi else echo "file $fname does not exist" >&2; fi First the input is stored in var $fname The file is checked for existance using "ls -lart". If the output of "ls -lart" is empty, the error message is given on stderr Otherwise the filelength is taken from the output of "ls -lart" (5th field) With "wc -l" the number of records (or lines) is taken. The record size is filelength devided by the number of records. please note: this method does not take into account any headers, variable length records and only works on ascii files where the records are sperated by 0x0A (or 0x0A/0x0D on MS-DOS/Windows). Show Sample Output


    0
    fname=$1;f=$(ls -la $fname);fsz=$(echo $f|awk '{ print $5 }');nrrec=$(wc -l $fname|awk '{ print $1 }');recsz=$(expr $fsz / $nrrec);echo "$recsz"
    vuurst · 2010-09-14 08:40:22 0

  • 0
    expr `echo "123671" | sed -e 's/[0-9]/ + &/g' -e 's/^ +//g'` 20
    maher · 2012-06-24 23:12:30 0
  • Should work with sh, bash, etc. Show Sample Output


    0
    port=32768; while netstat -atn | grep -q :$port; do port=$(expr $port + 1); done; echo $port
    presto8 · 2013-08-29 17:55:55 0
  • I have this in my .bash_aliases and call it before running apt-get install or apt-get upgrade Example: alias apt-install='apt-update; apt-get install' alias apt-upgrade='apt-update; apt-get upgrade' function apt-update () { if [[ $(expr $(date +%s) - $(stat -c %X /var/lib/apt/periodic/update-success-stamp)) -gt 86400 ]]; then sudo apt-get update else echo apt is up to date fi }


    0
    if [[ $(expr $(date +%s) - $(stat -c %X /var/lib/apt/periodic/update-success-stamp)) -gt 86400 ]]; then sudo apt-get update fi
    gargolito · 2015-05-12 14:45:11 0

  • -1
    expr $(fdisk -s ` grep ' / ' /etc/mtab |cut -d " " -f1`) / 1024
    ncaio · 2009-05-21 17:25:38 2

  • -1
    dd of=output.txt if=input.txt ibs=1 skip=$(expr `stat -c%s input.txt` / 2)
    kev · 2011-07-10 12:04:48 4
  • Change HH:MM with your target time. This is for a Debian/Ubuntu GNU system. You need bash (package bash), date (package coreutils) and toilet (package toilet). Install with: # apt-get install bash coreutils toilet toilet-fonts


    -2
    watch -tn1 'date -u +%T -d @$(expr $(date -d HH:MM +%s) - $(date +%s)) | toilet -f bigmono12'
    prayer · 2010-06-26 11:56:11 0
  • plays with bash arrays. instead of storing the list of files in a temp file, this stores the list in ram, retrieves the last element in the array (the last html file), then removes it.


    -3
    a=($(ls *html)) && a=${a[$(expr ${#a[@]} - 1)]} && rm $a
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-10-12 16:40:06 2
  • Matrix Screen HPUX


    -4
    while :; do integer i=0; COL=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols))); ROW=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols))); while (( i <= COL)) do tput cup $i $ROW; echo "\033[1;34m" $(cat /dev/urandom | head -1 | cut -c1-1) 2>/dev/null; i=$(expr $i + 1); done done
    mfrancime · 2010-05-28 11:17:43 0

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grep certain file types recursively

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Use the arguments used in the last command
Very basic, but who knows.. mkdir !$ should work too, only uses 'the last' argument. !-2 executes cd Desktop/Notes again. More tips in 'man history'

Decode a MIME message
will decode a mime message. usefull when you receive some email and file attachment that cant be read.

Remove a line from a file using sed (useful for updating known SSH server keys when they change)
For example, to remove line 5 from foo, type: vi +5d +wq foo

Delete Last Line of a File if it is Blank
Use sed to remove the last line of a file only if it is empty.

What is My WAN IP?
The curl command retrieve the HTML text containing the IP address. The grep command picks out the IP address from that HTML text.

convert all files in a dir of a certain type to flv
This converts all m4a files in a dir to flv. You can just swap the m4a bit to anything else ffmpeg supports though, and it'll work.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Get all these commands in a text file with description.
I tried out on my Mac, jot to generate sequence ( 0,25,50,..), you can use 'seq' if it is linux to generate numbers, need curl installed on the machine, then it rocks. @Satya


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