Commands using expr (16)

  • expr will give you a quick way to do basic math from the CLI. Make sure you escape things like * and leave a space between operators and digits. Show Sample Output


    4
    expr 512 \* 7
    chuckr · 2009-09-23 19:11:38 10
  • watch the seconds of your life tick away - replace YYYY-mm-dd HH:MM:ss w/ your birthtime.


    2
    while [ 0 ]; do expr 2365200000 \- `date +%s` \- `date --date "YYYY-mm-dd HH:MM:ss" +%s`; sleep 1; clear; done
    wwest4 · 2009-02-13 20:02:37 6
  • Same as original, but works in bash


    2
    while [ 1 -lt 2 ]; do i=0; COL=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols)));ROW=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols)));while [ $i -lt $COL ]; do tput cup $i $ROW;echo -e "\033[1;34m" $(cat /dev/urandom | head -1 | cut -c1-1) 2>/dev/null ; i=$(expr $i + 1); done; done
    dave1010 · 2010-05-28 16:07:56 1
  • EXAMPLES jb "next sun 12pm" "/bin/sh ~you/1.sh" & jb "2010-08-29 12:00:00" "~you/1.sh" & jb "29aug2010 gmt" ". ~you/1.sh" & jb 12:00p.m. "nohup ./1.sh" & jb 1min "echo stop!" & SEE ALSO parsedate(3) strftime(3)


    2
    jb() { if [ -z $1 ];then printf 'usage:\njb <"date and/or time"> <"commandline"> &\nsee parsedate(3) strftime(3)\n';else t1=$(date +%s); t2=$(date -d "$1" +%s) ;sleep $(expr $t2 - $t1);$2 ;fi ;}
    argv · 2010-08-26 23:50:42 0
  • Generates labyrinth-like pattern on UTF-8 terminal in bash. For fun ;) Show Sample Output


    2
    while ( true ) ; do if [ $(expr $RANDOM % 2 ) -eq 0 ] ; then echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB1" ; else echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB2" ; fi ; done
    tobi · 2015-01-17 12:46:37 3

  • 1
    expr `find . -type f -printf "%s + "0`
    sraeder · 2011-02-13 00:03:31 0
  • Take a screenshot every 2 seconds and save it as a png file


    1
    i=0;while :; do i=$(expr "$i" + 1); scrot "$i".png; sleep 2; done;
    scripteles · 2011-05-27 00:25:28 0
  • command was too long... this is the complete command: fname=$1; f=$( ls -la $fname ); if [ -n "$f" ]; then fsz=$( echo $f | awk '{ print $5 }' ); if [ "$fsz" -ne "0" ]; then nrrec=$( wc -l $fname | awk '{ print $1 }' ); recsz=$( expr $fsz / $nrrec ); echo "$recsz"; else echo "0"; fi else echo "file $fname does not exist" >&2; fi First the input is stored in var $fname The file is checked for existance using "ls -lart". If the output of "ls -lart" is empty, the error message is given on stderr Otherwise the filelength is taken from the output of "ls -lart" (5th field) With "wc -l" the number of records (or lines) is taken. The record size is filelength devided by the number of records. please note: this method does not take into account any headers, variable length records and only works on ascii files where the records are sperated by 0x0A (or 0x0A/0x0D on MS-DOS/Windows). Show Sample Output


    0
    fname=$1;f=$(ls -la $fname);fsz=$(echo $f|awk '{ print $5 }');nrrec=$(wc -l $fname|awk '{ print $1 }');recsz=$(expr $fsz / $nrrec);echo "$recsz"
    vuurst · 2010-09-14 08:40:22 0

  • 0
    expr `echo "123671" | sed -e 's/[0-9]/ + &/g' -e 's/^ +//g'` 20
    maher · 2012-06-24 23:12:30 0
  • Should work with sh, bash, etc. Show Sample Output


    0
    port=32768; while netstat -atn | grep -q :$port; do port=$(expr $port + 1); done; echo $port
    presto8 · 2013-08-29 17:55:55 0
  • I have this in my .bash_aliases and call it before running apt-get install or apt-get upgrade Example: alias apt-install='apt-update; apt-get install' alias apt-upgrade='apt-update; apt-get upgrade' function apt-update () { if [[ $(expr $(date +%s) - $(stat -c %X /var/lib/apt/periodic/update-success-stamp)) -gt 86400 ]]; then sudo apt-get update else echo apt is up to date fi }


    0
    if [[ $(expr $(date +%s) - $(stat -c %X /var/lib/apt/periodic/update-success-stamp)) -gt 86400 ]]; then sudo apt-get update fi
    gargolito · 2015-05-12 14:45:11 0

  • -1
    expr $(fdisk -s ` grep ' / ' /etc/mtab |cut -d " " -f1`) / 1024
    ncaio · 2009-05-21 17:25:38 2

  • -1
    dd of=output.txt if=input.txt ibs=1 skip=$(expr `stat -c%s input.txt` / 2)
    kev · 2011-07-10 12:04:48 4
  • Change HH:MM with your target time. This is for a Debian/Ubuntu GNU system. You need bash (package bash), date (package coreutils) and toilet (package toilet). Install with: # apt-get install bash coreutils toilet toilet-fonts


    -2
    watch -tn1 'date -u +%T -d @$(expr $(date -d HH:MM +%s) - $(date +%s)) | toilet -f bigmono12'
    prayer · 2010-06-26 11:56:11 0
  • plays with bash arrays. instead of storing the list of files in a temp file, this stores the list in ram, retrieves the last element in the array (the last html file), then removes it.


    -3
    a=($(ls *html)) && a=${a[$(expr ${#a[@]} - 1)]} && rm $a
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-10-12 16:40:06 2
  • Matrix Screen HPUX


    -4
    while :; do integer i=0; COL=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols))); ROW=$((RANDOM%$(tput cols))); while (( i <= COL)) do tput cup $i $ROW; echo "\033[1;34m" $(cat /dev/urandom | head -1 | cut -c1-1) 2>/dev/null; i=$(expr $i + 1); done done
    mfrancime · 2010-05-28 11:17:43 0

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a shell function to print a ruler the width of the terminal window.
A similar version for Bash that doesn't require cut and shortens the function in a few places. And it uses local variables. (similar to a version by eightmillion in a comment on the another version)

Compare two directory trees.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

split large video file
i have a large video file, 500+ MB, so i cant upload it to flickr, so to reduce the size i split it into 2 files. the command shows the splitting for the first file, from 0-4 minutes. ss is start time and t is duration (how long you want the output file to be). credit goes to philc: http://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=480343 NOTE: when i made the second half of the video, i got a *lot* of lines like this: frame= 0 fps= 0 q=0.0 size= 0kB time=10000000000.00 bitrate= 0.0kbit just be patient, it is working =)

add a backup (or any other) suffix to a file
Very helpful when you've got complex filenames and needs to change just some small parts of it. Renaming a file called "i-made-a-small-typo-right-here" to "i-made-a-big-typo-right-here": $ mv -vi i-made-a-{small,big}-typo-right-here You could also copy multiple files, edit, remove, process, etc.

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

grep for minus (-) sign
Use flag "--" to stop switch parsing

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.

output absolute path of the present working directory
I've seen a lot of overly complicated attempts at figuring out "where am I?" I think this is a part of the problem: type -a pwd force the use of the binary version of `pwd` instead of the built-in with "/bin/pwd -P" -P option provides an absolute path to the present working directory for the overly cautious type: $(which pwd) -P

Find the package that installed a command


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