Commands using nice (7)

  • To rip DVD movie to ogg format using ffmpeg, follow these steps. 1) find the vob files on the mounted video DVD in VIDEO_TS that stores the movie itself. There would be a few other VOB files that stores splash screen or special features, the vob files for the movie itself can be identified by its superior size. You can verify these vob files by playing them directly with a player (e.g. mplayer) 2) concatenate all such vob files, pipe to ffmpeg 3) calculate the video size and crop size. The ogg video size must be multiple of 16 on both width and height, this is inherit limitation of theora codec. In my case I took 512x384. The -vcodec parameter is necessary because ffmpeg doesn't support theora by itself. -acodec is necessary otherwise ffmpeg uses flac by default.

    cat VIDEO_TS/VTS_01_[1234].VOB | nice ffmpeg -i - -s 512x384 -vcodec libtheora -acodec libvorbis ~/Videos/dvd_rip.ogg
    zhangweiwu · 2010-09-14 14:45:27 1
  • This takes the stream created by apache requests containing jsp and funnels them to another server. I'm using this for simulating real time traffic. The nice command gives ssh maximum CPU cycles, awk & grep strip out everything served by apache. Putting parallel on curl is important because curl is synchronous and waits for the response. Yes, I thought about using wget but it didn't seem any easier. Also, if you figure out how to run this in the background let me know. Every time I background it it stops. If you have multiple front end servers just run multiple instances of this.

    nice -n -20 ssh SOURCE_SERVER "tail -f /var/log/httpd/access.log " | awk '{print $7}' | grep jsp | parallel 'curl TARGET_SERVER{} 2>&1 /dev/null'
    dennisfaust · 2011-05-09 19:32:40 1
  • Check out the usage of 'trap', you may not have seen this one much. This command provides a way to schedule commands at certain times by running them after sleep finishes sleeping. In the example 'sleep 2h' sleeps for 2 hours. What is cool about this command is that it uses the 'trap' builtin bash command to remove the SIGHUP trap that normally exits all processes started by the shell upon logout. The 'trap 1' command then restores the normal SIGHUP behaviour. It also uses the 'nice -n 19' command which causes the sleep process to be run with minimal CPU. Further, it runs all the commands within the 2nd parentheses in the background. This is sweet cuz you can fire off as many of these as you want. Very helpful for shell scripts.

    ( trap '' 1; ( nice -n 19 sleep 2h && command rm -v -rf /garbage/ &>/dev/null && trap 1 ) & )
    AskApache · 2009-10-10 04:43:44 1
  • This command will nicely dump a filesystem to STDOUT, compress it, encrypt it with the gpg key of your choice, throttle the the data stream to 60kb/s and finally use ssh to copy the contents to an image on a remote machine. Show Sample Output

    nice -n19 dump -0af - /<filesystem> -z9|gpg -e -r <gpg key id>|cstream -v 1 -t 60k|ssh <user@host> "cat > backup.img"
    din7 · 2009-10-29 18:27:25 0
  • This is a simple command which makes electricsheep render directly to your background

    nice -n 5 electricsheep -window-id `xwininfo -root|head -n 2|grep xwininfo|cut -c 22-26`
    kbaegis · 2011-02-14 03:58:58 0

  • 0
    find /logdir -type f -mtime +7 -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 nice -n 20 bzip2 -9
    rootninja · 2014-02-12 19:35:09 0

  • -6
    nice -n0 ls | mpg321 -@- &
    kev · 2011-07-10 11:50:46 4

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Stat each file in a directory
This will run stat on each file in the directory.

List the most recent dates in reverse-chronological order

find file/dir by excluding some unwanted dirs and filesystems
Consider using this cmd when: 1. You are planning to traverse a big directory. 2. There is a subdir you don't want find to decend to. (entirely ignore) 3. You don't want find to decend to any mounted filesystems under this dir. * The -xdev flag tells find do not go to other filesystems. * -path ./junk_dir -prune is the pattern to ignore ./junk_dir entirely. * The rest is the typical search and print. To ignore multiple subdirs, you can just iterate the pattern, e.g. find . -path ./junk1 -prune -o -path ./junk2 -prune ... If you do want to include other filesystems, then remove -xdev flag. If you want to search files, then change -type d to -type f.

rename files according to date created
The command renames all files in a certain directory. Renaming them to their date of creation using EXIF. If you're working with JPG that contains EXIF data (ie. from digital camera), then you can use following to get the creation date instead of stat. * Since not every file has exif data, we want to check that dst is valid before doing the rest of commands. * The output from exif has a space, which is a PITA for filenames. Use sed to replace with '-'. * Note that I use 'echo' before the mv to test out my scripts. When you're confident that it's doing the right thing, then you can remove the 'echo'... you don't want to end up like the guy that got all the files blown away. Credits:

Watch active calls on an Asterisk PBX
Only the number of calls nothing else.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Email a file to yourself
This works on Solaris 10.

How fast is the connexion to a URL, some stats from curl

Slow down the screen output of a command
(example above is the 'ls' command with reduced output speed)

Get the weather forecast for the next 24 to 48 for your location.
This shell function grabs the weather forecast for the next 24 to 48 hours from Replace <YOURZIPORLOCATION> with your zip code or your "city, state" or "city, country", then calling the function without any arguments returns the weather for that location. Calling the function with a zip code or place name as an argument returns the weather for that location instead of your default. To add a bit of color formatting to the output, use the following instead: $weather(){ curl -s "${@:-}"|perl -ne '/([^

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