Commands using rpm (51)

  • Find out which RPMs were installed on a particular date. These would (naturally) include update RPMs. This example shows searching for "Thu 05 Mar" (with grep). Alternatively, pipe it to less so you can search inside less (with less's neat text highlighting of the search term): rpm -qa --queryformat '%{installtime} \"%{vendor}\" %{name}-%{version}-%{release} %{installtime:date}\n' | less # (this example) search term: Thu 05 Mar Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --queryformat '%{installtime} \"%{vendor}\" %{name}-%{version}-%{release} %{installtime:date}\n' | grep "Thu 05 Mar"
    mpb · 2009-03-17 13:38:20 1
  • Replace 'more' command with any command which is in your PATH. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qif `which more`
    alcik · 2009-02-27 08:59:07 2

  • 3
    rpm -q -a --qf '%10{SIZE}\t%{NAME}\n' | sort -k1,1n
    octopus · 2010-04-19 07:44:49 1
  • the newest rpms are at the top; individual packages can also be queried this way: rpm --last -q package

    rpm -qa --last
    systemj · 2009-02-05 16:00:56 0
  • You can use wildcard with rpm search but you have to do 2 things: 1. use "-a" switch (means "all") with query ("-q") switch - argument is a pattern to use while searching for package names of all installed packages 2. protect wildcards, so that shell could not eat them - escape it with backslash ("\") or enclose all pattern between apostrophes ("'"): rpm -qa 'co*de' As you can see above it is possible to insert wildcards into middle of the pattern. If you want, you can add "-i" or another rpm query options, "-i" will print package information for all installed packages matching pattern. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa \*code\*
    alcik · 2009-03-11 21:16:23 1
  • Low on disk space? Check the largest installed RPMs for delete canditates. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --qf '%{SIZE} %{NAME}\n' | sort -nr | nl | head -6 # six largest RPMs
    mpb · 2009-03-15 22:18:17 0
  • Lists all installed RPM packages with name and architecture, which is useful to check for compability packages (+ required i386 packages) on a 64bit system. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --queryformat "%{NAME} %{ARCH}\n"
    angrox · 2009-03-18 15:19:21 0
  • In this case, I'm getting the package version for 'redhat-release', but of course, this can be applied to any package installed on the filesystem. This is very handy in scripts that need to determine just the version of the package, without the package name and all the sed and grep hackery to get to the data you want. To find out all the support format strings that 'rpm --qf' supports: rpm --querytags Show Sample Output

    rpm -q --qf "%{VERSION}\n" redhat-release
    atoponce · 2009-03-25 16:46:14 1
  • It's all said in the title. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --qf "%-10{SIZE} %-30{NAME}\n" | sort -nr | less
    betsubetsu · 2010-04-14 07:28:41 0

  • 2
    rpm -qa --qf "%-30{NAME} %-10{SIZE}\n" | sort -n | less
    betsubetsu · 2010-04-14 07:30:37 0

  • 2
    rpm -qp --scripts package.rpm
    gerard · 2011-01-04 14:38:14 2
  • For Linux distributions using rpm (eg Mandriva), this command will find the rpm package name that provides a file. Show Sample Output

    rpm -q --whatprovides $filename
    mpb · 2011-02-09 23:28:15 0
  • Many times I give the same commands in loop to find informations about a file. I use this as an alias to summarize that informations in a single command. Now with variables! :D Show Sample Output

    fileinfo() { RPMQF=$(rpm -qf $1); RPMQL=$(rpm -ql $RPMQF);echo "man page:";whatis $(basename $1); echo "Services:"; echo -e "$RPMQL\n"|grep -P "\.service";echo "Config files:";rpm -qc $RPMQF;echo "Provided by:" $RPMQF; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:46:01 3
  • If somehow if you get more than 1 same name rpm package install, then it cannot be removed by using simple rpm -e as it gives you more than one rpm matches error. The --matches will help to remove all the same name rpm packages.

    rpm -e --allmatches filename.rpm
    sohaileo · 2009-02-12 23:09:24 1
  • This command is very helpful when we need to duplicate a test scenario and first we want to find out the installed libraries together with the version and release numbers and architecture. (look example) Command can be tuned by choosing just the names of libraries we are interested in. For example glibc and gcc. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --qf '%{name}-%{version}-%{release}.%{arch}\n'|egrep 'compat|glibc|gcc|libst|binu'|sort
    ovalerio · 2009-02-23 10:17:47 0
  • rpm, sometimes, is not wildcard friendly. To search files installed from package this could be useful. change PACKAGENAME to any package do you want to search Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa | grep PACKAGENAME | xargs rpm -q --filesbypkg
    piscue · 2009-02-26 14:32:12 0
  • On Fedora clean the boot directory; erase older kernel

    rpm -q kernel-2* | grep -v $(uname -r) | xargs yum erase -y
    Nick · 2009-03-28 21:41:15 1

  • 1
    yum clean all ; rpm -Uvh ; yum -y upgrade ; reboot
    freeman · 2009-08-01 21:00:43 2
  • if you want to see all information about a package use: rpm -qi pkgname full list of querytags can be accessed by the command: rpm --querytags you can also customize the query format how ever you like with using more querytags together along with escape sequences in "man printf"! you can also use more than one package name. for example this command shows name and version in to columns: rpm -q --queryformat %-30{NAME}%{VERSION}\\n pkg1 pkg2 Show Sample Output

    rpm -q --queryformat %{VERSION}\\n pkgname
    mrwill · 2010-06-03 01:54:17 0
  • This should be an option to rpm, but isn't. I wind up using it a lot because I always forget the full name of the packages I want to delete.

    sudo rpm -e `rpm -qa | grep keyword`
    mstock · 2012-10-22 16:06:39 0
  • \n Separates out the architectures on different lines. Show Sample Output

    rpm -q --queryformat="%{NAME}: %{OPTFLAGS}\n" <rpm>
    robinsonaarond · 2012-12-05 22:18:03 0
  • Interesting to see which packages are larger than the kernel package. Useful to understand which RPMs might be candidates to remove if drive space is restricted. Show Sample Output

    rpm -qa --queryformat '%{size} %{name}-%{version}-%{release}\n' | sort -k 1,1 -rn | nl | head -16
    mpb · 2013-03-19 21:10:54 0
  • I use this as an alias to get all .service files related a single installed file/conf (if it has services, of course). For rpm based systems ;) Show Sample Output

    qf2s() { rpm -ql $(rpm -qf $1)|grep -P "\.service"; }
    nnsense · 2015-05-11 16:32:16 0
  • In this case the current user has proxy variable set which allows access to the rpm on the internet but needs root privs to install it. Running sudo -E preserves the current user proxy var and allows the rpm install to be executed with sudo.

    sudo -E rpm -Uvh ""
    zlemini · 2015-10-29 14:06:48 0

  • 1
    rpm -qa --last | head -n 16
    sparsile · 2018-09-13 02:55:51 0
  •  1 2 3 > 

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands

Check These Out

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Terminal - Prints out, what the users name, notifyed in the gecos field, is

what model of computer I'm using?

Create higher quality gif from videos
I had to compress it a bit to meet the 255 limit. See sample for full command (274) usage: ffgif foo.ext Supports 3 arguments (optional) ffgif filename seek_time time_duration scale ffgif foo 10 5 320 will seek 10 seconds in, convert for 5 seconds at a 320 scale. Default will convert whole video to gif at 320 scale. Inspiration -

Reload all sysctl variables without reboot
Reload all defined kernel variables from /etc/sysctl.conf(if no parameter after -p is given) without the old myth "Ah, you'll need to reboot to apply those variables"...

encode image to base64 and copy to clipboard
I use it for embedding images in CSS for Stylish, the Firefox addon. Thought it might be useful to others.

Display which distro is installed
Works on nearly all linux distros

Remove a range of lines from a file

Detect encoding of a text file
This command gives you the charset of a text file, which would be handy if you have no idea of the encoding.

Debug a remote php application (behind firewall) using ssh tunnel for XDEBUG port 9000
If you need to xdebug a remote php application, which is behind a firewall, and you have an ssh daemon running on that machine. you can redirect port 9000 on that machine over to your local machine from which you run your xdebug client (I am using phpStorm) So, run this command on your local machine and start your local xdebug client, to start debugging. more info:

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.


Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: