Commands using tr (338)

  • Even shorter. Stolen from comment posted by eightmillion.


    7
    tr "\n" " " < file
    randy909 · 2010-12-08 16:13:54 0
  • Little faster alternative.


    7
    head -100000 /dev/urandom | strings|tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'|sort >temp.txt && wget -q http://www.mavi1.org/web_security/wordlists/webster-dictionary.txt -O-|tr '[A-Z]' '[a-z]'|sort >temp2.txt&&comm -12 temp.txt temp2.txt
    marssi · 2010-12-26 11:04:42 0
  • This command will give you a list of available keyboard shortcuts according to stty. Show Sample Output


    7
    echo -e "Terminal shortcut keys\n" && sed -e 's/\^/Ctrl+/g;s/M-/Shift+/g' <(stty -a 2>&1| sed -e 's/;/\n/g' | grep "\^" | tr -d ' ')
    cicatriz · 2011-02-10 17:38:05 0

  • 7
    tr -dc a-z0-9 </dev/urandom | tr 0-8 \ | tr 9 \\n | sed 's/^[ \t]*//' | fmt -u
    rubenmoran · 2011-02-19 10:29:17 7

  • 7
    tr -dc A-Za-z0-9_ < /dev/urandom | head -c 10 | xargs
    nottings · 2012-10-17 14:04:14 3
  • Transforms a file to all uppercase.


    6
    tr '[:lower:]' '[:upper:]' <"$1"
    opexxx · 2009-10-08 11:34:07 0
  • Print a row of characters across the terminal. Uses tput to establish the current terminal width, and generates a line of characters just long enough to cross it. In the example '#' is used. It's possible to use a repeating sequence by dividing the columns by the number of characters in the sequence like this: seq -s'~-' 0 $(( $(tput cols) /2 )) | tr -d '[:digit:]' or seq -s'-~?' 0 $(( $(tput cols) /3 )) | tr -d '[:digit:]' You will lose chararacters at the end if the length isn't cleanly divisible. Show Sample Output


    6
    seq -s'#' 0 $(tput cols) | tr -d '[:digit:]'
    jgc · 2010-04-01 09:06:44 0
  • Generates a random 8-character password that can be typed using only the left hand on a QWERTY keyboard. Useful to avoid taking your hand off of the mouse, especially if your username is left-handed. Change the 8 to your length of choice, add or remove characters from the list based on your preferences or kezboard layout, etc.


    6
    </dev/urandom tr -dc '12345!@#$%qwertQWERTasdfgASDFGzxcvbZXCVB' | head -c8; echo ""
    TexasDex · 2010-06-17 19:30:36 0

  • 6
    tr A-Z a-z | tr -cs a-z '\n' | sort | uniq -c
    putnamhill · 2010-10-19 22:49:13 3
  • This is just a proof of concept: A FILE WHICH CAN AUTOMOUNT ITSELF through a SIMPLY ENCODED script. It takes advantage of the OFFSET option of mount, and uses it as a password (see that 9191? just change it to something similar, around 9k). It works fine, mounts, gets modified, updated, and can be moved by just copying it. USAGE: SEE SAMPLE OUTPUT The file is composed of three parts: a) The legible script (about 242 bytes) b) A random text fill to reach the OFFSET size (equals PASSWORD minus 242) c) The actual filesystem Logically, (a)+(b) = PASSWORD, that means OFFSET, and mount uses that option. PLEASE NOTE: THIS IS NOT AN ENCRYPTED FILESYSTEM. To improve it, it can be mounted with a better encryption script and used with encfs or cryptfs. The idea was just to test the concept... with one line :) It applies the original idea of http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/7382/command-for-john-cons for encrypting the file. The embedded bash script can be grown, of course, and the offset recalculation goes fine. I have my own version with bash --init-file to startup a bashrc with a well-defined environment, aliases, variables. Show Sample Output


    6
    dd if=/dev/zero of=T bs=1024 count=10240;mkfs.ext3 -q T;E=$(echo 'read O;mount -o loop,offset=$O F /mnt;'|base64|tr -d '\n');echo "E=\$(echo $E|base64 -d);eval \$E;exit;">F;cat <(dd if=/dev/zero bs=$(echo 9191-$(stat -c%s F)|bc) count=1) <(cat T;rm T)>>F
    rodolfoap · 2013-01-31 01:38:30 5

  • 6
    tr -s ' ' | cut -d' ' -f2-
    sesom42 · 2015-05-08 12:47:09 0
  • tput setaf 1 && tput rev && seq -ws "___|" 81|fold -69|tr "0-9" "_" && tput sgr0 # (brick wall)


    6
    seq -ws "\\__/" 99|fold -69|tr "0-9" " "
    knoppix5 · 2018-11-13 06:39:37 0
  • Uses the dumb terminal option in gnuplot to plot a graph of frequencies. In this case, we are looking at a frequency analysis of words in all of the .c files. Show Sample Output


    5
    cat *.c | { printf "se te du\nplot '-' t '' w dots\n"; tr '[[:upper:]]' '[[:lower:]]' | tr -s [[:punct:][:space:]] '\n' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr | head -n 100 | awk '{print $1}END{print "e"}'; } | gnuplot
    taliver · 2009-11-20 14:53:26 1
  • A bit different from some of the other submissions. Has bold and uses all c printable characters. Change the bs=value to speed up and increase the sizes of the bold and non-bold strings.


    5
    echo -ne "\e[32m" ; while true ; do echo -ne "\e[$(($RANDOM % 2 + 1))m" ; tr -c "[:print:]" " " < /dev/urandom | dd count=1 bs=50 2> /dev/null ; done
    psykotron · 2009-12-19 19:05:04 1
  • Get there by going backwards and forgetting the numbers.


    5
    seq -s" " -50 -1 | tr -dc -
    DoNotRememberMe · 2010-03-25 06:00:24 0
  • This command will format your alias or function to a single line, trimming duplicate white space and newlines and inserting delimiter semi-colons, so it continues to work on a single line. Show Sample Output


    5
    goclf() { type "$1" | sed '1d' | tr -d "\n" | tr -s '[:space:]'; echo }
    meathive · 2010-06-26 21:44:17 0
  • Gets a BOFH excuse from the BOFH excuse server (towel.blinkenlights.nl port 666), and passes it through sed and tr to get rid of telnet connection stuff. Show Sample Output


    5
    telnet towel.blinkenlights.nl 666 | sed "s/=== The BOFH Excuse Server ===//" | tr -d '\n' && echo
    hintss · 2011-03-31 05:50:57 0

  • 5
    paste <(seq 7 | shuf | tr 1-7 A-G) <(seq 7 | shuf) | while read i j; do play -qn synth 1 pluck $i synth 1 pluck mix $2; done
    kev · 2012-04-09 15:22:19 0
  • Opposite: Convert an one-liner to script: foo() { <one-liner> ; } ... typeset -f foo ... unset -f foo


    5
    (sed 's/#.*//g'|sed '/^ *$/d'|tr '\n' ';'|xargs echo) < script.sh
    knoppix5 · 2013-10-26 23:23:51 3

  • 5
    function hibp() { sha1=$(echo -n "$1"|sha1sum|awk '{print toupper($0)}'|tr -d '\n'); curl -s -H $'Referer: https://haveibeenpwned.com/' https://api.pwnedpasswords.com/range/$(echo -n $sha1|cut -c1-5)|grep -i $(echo -n $sha1|cut -c6-40); }
    zmonkey · 2018-08-14 07:41:55 0
  • Fill the entire terminal screen. Is COLUMNS or LINES are undefined run "resize"


    5
    yes "\\__/ " | tr "\n" " " | fold -$((($COLUMNS-3)/6*6+3)) | head -$LINES
    tomhol · 2018-11-23 08:21:55 2
  • Reads psuedorandom bytes from /dev/urandom, filtering out non-printable ones. Other character classes can be used, such as [:alpha:], [:digit:] and [:alnum:]. To get a string of 10 lowercase letters: tr -dc '[:lower:]' < /dev/urandom | head -c 10


    4
    tr -dc '[:print:]' < /dev/urandom
    gracenotes · 2009-02-05 21:51:14 0
  • Obviously, you can replace 'man' command with any command in this command line to do useful things. I just want to mention that there is a way to list all the commands which you can execute directly without giving fullpath. Normally all important commands will be placed in your PATH directories. This commandline uses that variable to get commands. Works in Ubuntu, will work in all 'manpage' configured *nix systems. Show Sample Output


    4
    find `echo "${PATH}" | tr ':' ' '` -type f | while read COMMAND; do man -f "${COMMAND##*/}"; done
    mohan43u · 2009-06-13 19:56:24 2
  • I use this as an alias: alias authplain "printf '\!:1\0\!:1\0\!:2' | mmencode | tr -d '\n' | sed 's/^/AUTH PLAIN /'" then.. # authplain someuser@somedomain.com secretpassword AUTH PLAIN c29tZXVzZXJAc29tZWRvbWFpbi5jb20Ac29tZXVzZXJAc29tZWRvbWFpbi5jb20Ac2VjcmV0cGFzc3dvcmQ= # Show Sample Output


    4
    printf '\!:1\0\!:1\0\!:2' | mmencode | tr -d '\n' | sed 's/^/AUTH PLAIN /'
    vwal · 2009-08-04 05:04:50 1
  • Calculates the size on disk for each package installed on the filesystem (or removed but not purged). This is missing the | sort -rn which would put the biggest packges on top. That was purposely left out as the command is slightly on the slow side Also you may need to run this as root as some files can only be checked by du if you can read them ;) Show Sample Output


    4
    dpkg --get-selections | cut -f1 | while read pkg; do dpkg -L $pkg | xargs -I'{}' bash -c 'if [ ! -d "{}" ]; then echo "{}"; fi' | tr '\n' '\000' | du -c --files0-from - | tail -1 | sed "s/total/$pkg/"; done
    pykler · 2009-10-12 14:57:54 0
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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

Output the content of your Active Directory in a CSV file

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.

Color man pages
Add the followin to ~/.bashrc #colour export LESS_TERMCAP_mb=$'\E[01;31m' export LESS_TERMCAP_md=$'\E[01;37m' export LESS_TERMCAP_me=$'\E[0m' export LESS_TERMCAP_se=$'\E[0m' export LESS_TERMCAP_so=$'\E[01;44;33m' export LESS_TERMCAP_ue=$'\E[0m' export LESS_TERMCAP_us=$'\E[01;32m'

Get a range of SVN revisions from svn diff and tar gz them
Handy when you need to create a list of files to be updated when subversion is not available on the remote host. You can take this tar file, and upload and extract it where you need it. Replace M and N with the revisions specific to yours. Make sure you do this from an updated (svn up) working directory.

See all the commits for which searchstring appear in the git diff

Multi-thread any command
For instance: $ find . -type f -name '*.wav' -print0 |xargs -0 -P 3 -n 1 flac -V8 will encode all .wav files into FLAC in parallel. Explanation of xargs flags: -P [max-procs]: Max number of invocations to run at once. Set to 0 to run all at once [potentially dangerous re: excessive RAM usage]. -n [max-args]: Max number of arguments from the list to send to each invocation. -0: Stdin is a null-terminated list. I use xargs to build parallel-processing frameworks into my scripts like the one here: http://pastebin.com/1GvcifYa

Kill processes that have been running for more than a week

From Vim, run current buffer in python


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