Commands using xargs (662)

  • For those who don't have the symlinks command, you can use readlink. This command is not straightforward because readlink is very picky. The backslash in front of 'ls' means not to use an alias (e.g. color escape codes from an aliased 'ls' could mess up readlink), and the -1 (one) means to print the entries separated by newlines. xargs -l (the letter L) means to process each input separated by newlines as separate commands.


    2
    \ls -1 | xargs -l readlink
    TeacherTiger · 2009-11-23 19:28:03 5
  • no fancy grep stuff here.


    2
    du | sort -nr | cut -f2- | xargs du -hs
    unixmonkey7118 · 2009-11-20 17:14:40 1
  • remove files with access time older than a given date. If you want to remove files with a given modification time replace %A@ with %T@. Use %C@ for the modification time. The time is expressed in epoc but is easy to use any other format. Show Sample Output


    -2
    find <dir> -printf '%p : %A@\n' | awk '{FS=" : " ; if($2 < <time in epoc> ) print $1 ;}' | xargs rm --verbose -fr ;
    angleto · 2009-11-20 16:31:58 6

  • 4
    awk '{print $1}' "/proc/modules" | xargs modinfo | awk '/^(filename|desc|depends)/'
    unixmonkey7109 · 2009-11-20 13:06:25 0
  • I know this has been beaten to death but finding video files using mime types and printing the "hours of video" for each directory is (IMHO) easier to parse than just a single total. Output is in minutes. Among the other niceties is that it omits printing of non-video files/folders PS: Barely managed to fit it within the 255 character limit :D Show Sample Output


    0
    for item in *;do echo -n "$item - ";find "$item" -type f -print0 | xargs -0 file -iNf - | grep video | cut -d: -f1 | xargs -d'\n' /usr/share/doc/mplayer/examples/midentify | grep ID_LENGTH | awk -F= '{sum+=$2} END {print(sum/60)}'; done | grep -v ' - 0$'
    jnash · 2009-11-19 06:28:15 0
  • Uses mime-type of files rather than relying on file extensions to find files of a certain type. This can obviously be extended to finding files of any other type as well.. like plain text files, audio, etc.. In reference to displaying the total hours of video (which was earlier posted in command line fu, but relied on the user having to supply all possible video file formats) we can now do better: find ./ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 file -iNf - | grep video | cut -d: -f1 | xargs -d'\n' /usr/share/doc/mplayer/examples/midentify | grep ID_LENGTH | awk -F "=" '{sum += $2} END {print sum/60/60; print "hours"}'


    0
    find ./ -type f -print0 | xargs -0 file -iNf - | grep video | cut -d: -f1
    jnash · 2009-11-19 06:05:36 3
  • Alternately for those without getent or only want to work on local users it's even easier: cut -d: -f1 /etc/passwd|xargs -n1 passwd -e Note that not all implementations of passwd support -e. On RH it would be passwd -x0 (?) and on Solaris it would be passwd -f.


    0
    getent passwd|cut -d: -f1|xargs -n1 passwd -e
    romulusnr · 2009-11-18 19:46:15 0
  • Liked command 4077 so I improved it, by doing all text manipulation with sed. "Run this as root, it will be helpful to quickly get information about the loaded kernel modules." THX mohan43u Show Sample Output


    1
    lsmod | sed -e '1d' -e 's/\(\([^ ]*\) \)\{1\}.*/\2/' | xargs modinfo | sed -e '/^dep/s/$/\n/g' -e '/^file/b' -e '/^desc/b' -e '/^dep/b' -e d
    marssi · 2009-11-17 22:51:08 0
  • Run this as root, it will be helpful to quickly get information about the loaded kernel modules. Show Sample Output


    2
    lsmod | cut -d' ' -f1 | xargs modinfo | egrep '^file|^desc|^dep' | sed -e'/^dep/s/$/\n/g'
    mohan43u · 2009-11-17 02:13:34 0
  • With this form you dont need to cut out target directory using grep/sed/etc.


    4
    (ls; mkdir subdir; echo subdir) | xargs mv
    mechmind · 2009-11-08 11:40:55 5

  • -2
    mount | awk '/:/ { print $3 } ' | xargs sudo umount
    uid0 · 2009-11-05 17:19:11 0
  • The command find search commands with size zero and erase them.


    -1
    find . -size 0 -print0 | xargs -0 rm
    osvaldofilho · 2009-10-29 14:10:02 0
  • I took java to make the find command simpler and to state that it works for any language supported by cpp. cpp is the C/C++ preprocessor (interprets macros, removes comments, inserts includes, resolves trigraphs). The -fpreprocessor option tells cpp to assume the input has already been preprocessed so it will only replace comment lines with blank lines. The -L 1 option tells xargs to launch one process for each line, indeed cpp can only process one file at the time...


    2
    find . -name '*.java' | xargs -L 1 cpp -fpreprocessed | grep . | wc -l
    rbossy · 2009-10-29 09:58:43 2
  • Figures out total line contribution per author for an entire GIT repo. Includes binary files, which kind of mess up the true count. If crashes or takes too long, mess with the ls-file option at the start: git ls-files -x "*pdf" -x "*psd" -x "*tif" to remove really random binary files git ls-files "*.py" "*.html" "*.css" to only include specific file types Based off my original SVN version: http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/2787/prints-total-line-count-contribution-per-user-for-an-svn-repository Show Sample Output


    4
    git ls-files | xargs -n1 -d'\n' -i git-blame {} | perl -n -e '/\s\((.*?)\s[0-9]{4}/ && print "$1\n"' | sort -f | uniq -c -w3 | sort -r
    askedrelic · 2009-10-25 01:44:03 2
  • not my cmd... found on the web Show Sample Output


    0
    perl -e '$i=0;while($i<10){open(WGET,qq/|xargs lynx -dump/);printf WGET qq{http://www.google.com/search?q=site:g33kinfo.com&hl=en&start=$i&sa=N},$i+=10}'|grep '\/\/g33kinfo.com\/'
    op4 · 2009-10-16 12:20:17 0
  • Nice command to create a list, you can create too with for command, but this is so faster. Show Sample Output


    0
    seq 10 |xargs -n1 echo Printing line
    Waldirio · 2009-10-15 11:05:35 0

  • 1
    ls | xargs -n1 gzip
    haplo · 2009-10-15 03:10:38 0

  • 0
    seq 4|xargs -n1 -i bash -c "echo -n 164.85.216.{} - ; nslookup 164.85.216.{} |grep name"|tr -s ' ' ' '|awk '{print $1" - "$5}'|sed 's/.$//'
    Waldirio · 2009-10-14 19:57:24 0
  • Calculates the size on disk for each package installed on the filesystem (or removed but not purged). This is missing the | sort -rn which would put the biggest packges on top. That was purposely left out as the command is slightly on the slow side Also you may need to run this as root as some files can only be checked by du if you can read them ;) Show Sample Output


    4
    dpkg --get-selections | cut -f1 | while read pkg; do dpkg -L $pkg | xargs -I'{}' bash -c 'if [ ! -d "{}" ]; then echo "{}"; fi' | tr '\n' '\000' | du -c --files0-from - | tail -1 | sed "s/total/$pkg/"; done
    pykler · 2009-10-12 14:57:54 0
  • Searches for all .project files in current folder and below and uses "svn info" to get the last changed revision. The last sed joins every two lines. Show Sample Output


    0
    find . -iname ".project"| xargs -I {} dirname {} | LC_ALL=C xargs -I {} svn info {} | grep "Last Changed Rev\|Path" | sed "s/Last Changed Rev: /;/" | sed "s/Path: //" | sed '$!N;s/\n//'
    hurz · 2009-10-07 16:13:27 0

  • 12
    find /proc -user myuser -maxdepth 1 -type d -mtime +7 -exec basename {} \; | xargs kill -9
    sharfah · 2009-10-05 14:49:51 2
  • List files and pass to openssl to calculate the hash for each file. Show Sample Output


    1
    ls [FILENAME] | xargs openssl sha1
    m00dimus · 2009-10-03 02:05:43 0
  • I needed a way to search all files in a web directory that contained a certain string, and replace that string with another string. In the example, I am searching for "askapache" and replacing that string with "htaccess". I wanted this to happen as a cron job, and it was important that this happened as fast as possible while at the same time not hogging the CPU since the machine is a server. So this script uses the nice command to run the sh shell with the command, which makes the whole thing run with priority 19, meaning it won't hog CPU processing. And the -P5 option to the xargs command means it will run 5 separate grep and sed processes simultaneously, so this is much much faster than running a single grep or sed. You may want to do -P0 which is unlimited if you aren't worried about too many processes or if you don't have to deal with process killers in the bg. Also, the -m1 command to grep means stop grepping this file for matches after the first match, which also saves time. Show Sample Output


    10
    sh -c 'S=askapache R=htaccess; find . -mount -type f|xargs -P5 -iFF grep -l -m1 "$S" FF|xargs -P5 -iFF sed -i -e "s%${S}%${R}%g" FF'
    AskApache · 2009-10-02 05:03:10 0
  • No need to loop when we have `xargs`. The sed command filters out the first line of `show databases` output, which is always "Database".


    5
    mysql -e 'show databases' | sed -n '2,$p' | xargs -I DB 'mysqldump DB > DB.sql'
    mislav · 2009-09-25 08:43:06 5
  • change the *.avi to whatever you want to match, you can remove it altogether if you want to check all files.


    10
    find -type f -name "*.avi" -print0 | xargs -0 mplayer -vo dummy -ao dummy -identify 2>/dev/null | perl -nle '/ID_LENGTH=([0-9\.]+)/ && ($t +=$1) && printf "%02d:%02d:%02d\n",$t/3600,$t/60%60,$t%60' | tail -n 1
    syssyphus · 2009-09-24 15:50:39 4
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