backup your file with tar and exclude the file or directory which you don't want

tar zcvf /path/to/your-`date +%Y-%m-%d`.tar.bz2 ./your/directory --exclude ./you/dont/want/to/include

0
2012-04-10 01:28:36
tar

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    strzel_a · 2011-07-20 15:44:07 0
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    tar zcpf backup.tgz --exclude=/proc --exclude=backup.tgz /
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  • This command will backup the entire / directory, excluding /dev, /proc, /sys, /tmp, /run, /mnt, /media, /lost+found directories. Let us break down the above command and see what each argument does. rsync: A fast, versatile, local and remote file-copying utility -aAXv: The files are transferred in ?archive? mode, which ensures that symbolic links, devices, permissions, ownerships, modification times, ACLs, and extended attributes are preserved. -/: Source directory -exclude: Excludes the given directories from backup. -/mnt: It is the backup destination folder. Please be mindful that you must exclude the destination directory, if it exists in the local system. It will avoid the an infinite loop. To restore the backup, just reverse the source and destination paths in the above command.


    0
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  • this command can be added to crontab so as to execute a nightly backup of directories and store only the 10 last backup files.


    0
    for file in $(find /var/backup -name "backup*" -type f |sort -r | tail -n +10); do rm -f $file; done ; tar czf /var/backup/backup-system-$(date "+\%Y\%m\%d\%H\%M-\%N").tgz --exclude /home/dummy /etc /home /opt 2>&- && echo "system backup ok"
    akiuni · 2014-09-24 14:04:11 0

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

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