Instead of writing a multiline if/then/else/fi construct you can do that by one line

[[ test_condition ]] && if_true_do_this || otherwise_do_that
instead of writing: if [[ "$1" == "$2" ]]; then echo "$1 is equal $2" else echo "$1 differs from $2" fi do write: [[ "$1" == "$2" ]] && echo "$1 is equal $2" || echo "$1 differs from $2"

24
By: stallmer
2009-02-20 21:45:21

1 Alternatives + Submit Alt

  • This will perform one of two blocks of code, depending on the condition of the first. Essentially is a bash terniary operator. To tell if a machine is up: ping -c1 machine { echo succes;} || { echo failed; } Because of the bash { } block operators, you can have multiple commands ping -c1 machine && { echo success;log-timestamp.sh }|| { echo failed; email-admin.sh; } Tips: Remember, the { } operators are treated by bash as a reserved word: as such, they need a space on either side. If you have a command that can fail at the end of the true block, consider ending said block with 'false' to prevent accidental execution Show Sample Output


    23
    true && { echo success;} || { echo failed; }
    clockworkavian · 2009-04-02 01:49:25 1

What Others Think

[[ true ]] && false || echo "Not exactly the same."
silas · 481 weeks and 6 days ago
you can put an if construct all on one line; if [[ test_condition ]]; then do_stuff_here; else do_other_stuff_here; fi one advantage of using the actual if-statement is that you can add things in either clause without needing to use a set of braces. If you wanted to do it with braces, though, you could do: [[ test_condition ]] && { true_stuff_1; true_stuff_2; } || { false_stuff_1; false_stuff_2; }
woxidu · 480 weeks and 6 days ago

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

You must be signed in to comment.

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands



Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: