Compare directories (using cmp to compare files byte by byte) to find files of the same name that differ

find . -maxdepth 1 -mindepth 1 -print0 | xargs -0 -n 1 -I % cmp % /DUPDIR/% 2>/dev/null
Compare the content of the files in the current directory with files of the same name in the duplicate directory. Pop Quiz: You have a duplicate of a directory with files of the same name that might differ. What do you do? You could use diff to compare the directories, but that's boring and it isn't as clever as find -print0 with xargs. Note: You must omit stderr redirect 2>/dev/null to see the list of missing files from DUPDIR, if any. Hint: Redirect stderr to a new file to produce a more readable list of files that are missing from DUPDIR. Warning: This doesn't tell you if DUPDIR contains files not found in the current directory so don't delete DUPDIR.
Sample Output
./DIFFER.PNG /DUPDIR/./DIFFER.PNG differ: char 59, line 3
cmp: /DUPDIR/./NOMATCH.PNG: No such file or directory

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

You must be signed in to comment.

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands



Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: