automatically generate the ip/hostname entry for the /etc/hosts in the current system

echo "$(ip addr show dev $(ip r | grep -oP 'default.*dev \K\S*') | grep -oP '(?<=inet )[^/]*(?=/)') $(hostname -f) $(hostname -s)"
I use it after a clean CentOS 7 minimal server installation to automatically populate the /etc/hosts file. Not sure why the installation does not add this entry by itself. Tested on CentOS 7 with the simplest use case: 1 static ip address and the hostname provided during installation.
Sample Output
[root@dns-server ~]# echo "$(ip addr show dev $(ip r | grep -oP 'default.*dev \K\S*') | grep -oP '(?<=inet )[^/]*(?=/)') $(hostname -f) $(hostname -s)"
10.0.2.10 dns-server.mydomain.lab dns-server

[root@dns-server ~]# echo "$(ip addr show dev $(ip r | grep -oP 'default.*dev \K\S*') | grep -oP '(?<=inet )[^/]*(?=/)') $(hostname -f) $(hostname -s)" >> /etc/hosts

[root@dns-server ~]# cat /etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
10.0.2.10 dns-server.mydomain.lab dns-server

0
By: acavagni
2019-06-15 16:40:38

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