find -L / -samefile /path/to/file -exec ls -ld {} +

Find all the links to a file

This command finds and prints all the symbolic and hard links to a file. Note that the file argument itself be a link and it will find the original file as well. You can also do this with the inode number for a file or directory by first using stat or ls or some other tool to get the number like so: stat -Lc %i file or ls -Hid file And then using: find -L / -inum INODE_NUMBER -exec ls -ld {} +

17
2011-04-27 06:14:15

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  • -L tells find to follow symbolic links, so -type l will only return links it can't follow (i.e., those that are broken).


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  • == remove broken links == find -L . -type l -exec rm -rf {} \; == how this work == "symbolic link; this is never true if the -L option or the -follow option is in effect, unless the symbolic link is broken. If you want to search for symbolic links when -L is in effect, use -xtype." -- manpage of find.


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  • The "type" builtin command is handy to find out what executable will be used if you issue a command. But on some distros, particularly when using /etc/alternatives, certain executables get buried under layers and layers of symbolic links and it becomes hard to find which one. If you put the above command in your .bashrc, it adds a "-c" option to the type command that will weed through the symbolic links and prints the actual file that will be executed. Show Sample Output


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    type () { if [ "$1" = "-c" ]; then shift; for f in "$@"; do ff=$(builtin type -p "$f"); readlink -f "$ff"; done; else builtin type $typeopts "$@"; fi; }
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What Others Think

'find' has a -ls option, which will print the results in 'ls -dils'
RanyAlbeg · 368 weeks and 5 days ago
I'm aware of that. I'm using -exec here because ls shows where symlinks point. -ls doesn't.
eightmillion · 368 weeks and 4 days ago
I didn't know about "-exec _command_ {} +" instead of "-exec _command_ {} \;" Good to know.
Mozai · 368 weeks and 1 day ago

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

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