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Create a file of a given size in linux

Terminal - Create a file of a given size in linux
truncate -s 1M file
2010-10-20 14:26:25
User: cfy
Create a file of a given size in linux

if the fs support sparse file,using truncate can create sparse file.



There are 3 alternatives - vote for the best!

Terminal - Alternatives
dd if=/dev/zero of=foo.txt bs=1M count=1
truncate --size 1G bigfile.txt
2015-02-26 11:56:27
User: ynedelchev

If you want to create fast a very big file for testing purposes and you do not care about its content, then you can use this command to create a file of arbitrary size within less than a second. Content of file will be all zero bytes.

The trick is that the content is just not written to the disk, instead the space for it is somehow reserved on operating system level and file system level. It would be filled when first accessed/written (not sure about the mechanism that lies below, but it makes the file creation super fast).

Instead of '1G' as in the example, you could use other modifiers like 200K for kilobytes (1024 bytes), 500M for megabytes (1024 * 1024 bytes), 20G for Gigabytes (1024*1024*1024 bytes), 30T for Terabytes (1024^4 bytes). Also P for Penta, etc...

Command tested under Linux.

dd if=/dev/zero of=sparse_file bs=1024 skip=1024 count=1
2010-10-24 00:28:34
User: ubahmapk
Functions: dd

If you're trying to create a sparse file, you can use dd by 'skip'ing to the last block instance.

ls -ls shows the actual size vs. the reported size

Know a better way?

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