startx -- `which Xvfb` :1 -screen 0 800x600x24 && DISPLAY=:1 x11vnc

How to run X without any graphics hardware

This starts an X server using Xvfb(1) (no graphics hardware required), then starts a VNC server on the display. Change :1 if there's a conflict with an existing display, and change 800x600x24 to suit your tastes (24 is the bit depth, 800x600 is the size). This command obviously requires X be installed, and also x11vnc(1); both are available via your favourite package manager. You can also use another VNC server of your choosing, as long as DISPLAY is set to the display of Xvfb(1). To change your desktop environment (the default is twm(1), which is rather fail), you can add it to your ~/.xinitrc file (see the startx(1) manpage for details).

17
By: Spaz
2009-04-01 03:51:35

These Might Interest You

  • One base component is our hardware detection. It is a C++ library and app and is designed after a dynamic structure. Any kind of hardware, no matter if usb or pci, can be configured by mhwd. There is just a simple configuration file which tells mhwd what to do. This way we also support hybrid graphics cards out of the box. However there are currently only mhwd configs for nvidia optimus setups. But this gap will be filled soon. Just play with some of those commands to get a feeling about mhwd. Show Sample Output


    1
    mhwd --help
    unixmonkey57489 · 2013-05-16 14:30:18 0
  • Displays only the VGA adapter/chipset being used for the graphics. In this case, it gave me the "M22" and "Mobility Radeon x300" that I needed to research a graphics issue I was having. Show Sample Output


    1
    lspci |grep VGA
    CafeNinja · 2009-04-28 08:34:42 0
  • Loop is needed if you have more then one card. Show Sample Output


    4
    for I in `/sbin/lspci |awk '/VGA/{print $1}'`;do /sbin/lspci -v -s $I;done
    houghi · 2010-10-26 19:02:26 0
  • probably only works if you have one graphics card. used this: http://www.cyberciti.biz/faq/howto-find-linux-vga-video-card-ram/ as reference can be expanded, for example: lspci -v -s `lspci | awk '/VGA/{print $1}'` | sed -n '/Memory.*, prefetchable/s/.*\[size=\([^]]\+\)\]/\1/p' will just get the amount of prefetchable memory compare to: lshw -C display which does not give the size (it does give byte ranges and you could calculate the size from that, but that's a pain) Also uses a command which is not standard on linux; wheras lspci is a core utility provided by most systems Show Sample Output


    1
    lspci -v -s `lspci | awk '/VGA/{print $1}'`
    infinull · 2010-10-26 17:45:14 0
  • entering this command as root may give more complete results, creating a tmp file, and immediately opening the file might be more useful


    0
    sudo lshw -html > /tmp/hardware.html && xdg-open /tmp/hardware.html
    Sadi · 2014-03-08 10:40:21 0
  • wanna know something about your hardware? how about EVERYTHING?? then this should do ya well


    9
    sudo dmidecode | more
    oreo · 2009-02-16 03:32:30 2

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

You must be signed in to comment.

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands



Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: