What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags





Commands matching ssh from sorted by
Terminal - Commands matching ssh - 434 results
ssh -N -L2001:localhost:80 somemachine
dd if=/dev/dsp | ssh -c arcfour -C username@host dd of=/dev/dsp
2009-02-08 10:10:00
User: morpheus
Functions: dd ssh

This will output the sound from your microphone port to the ssh target computer's speaker port. The sound quality is very bad, so you will hear a lot of hissing.

sshfs name@server:/path/to/folder /path/to/mount/point
2009-02-05 20:17:41
User: ihasn

Install SSHFS from http://fuse.sourceforge.net/sshfs.html

Will allow you to mount a folder security over a network.

ssh user@host cat /path/to/remotefile | diff /path/to/localfile -
2009-02-04 11:33:19
User: root
Functions: cat diff ssh

Useful for checking if there are differences between local and remote files.

ssh -t reachable_host ssh unreachable_host
2009-03-03 23:21:36
User: patko
Functions: ssh
Tags: ssh

Unreachable_host is unavailable from local network, but it's available from reachable_host's network. This command creates a connection to unreachable_host through "hidden" connection to reachable_host.

ssh-copy-id username@hostname
cat ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh user@machine "mkdir ~/.ssh; cat >> ~/.ssh/authorized_keys"
2009-02-05 19:37:56
User: DEinspanjer
Functions: cat ssh

If you use Mac OS X or some other *nix variant that doesn't come with ssh-copy-id, this one-liner will allow you to add your public key to a remote machine so you can subsequently ssh to that machine without a password.

ssh-keygen -R <the_offending_host>
2010-07-11 19:37:24
User: bunam
Functions: ssh ssh-keygen
Tags: sed

In this case it's better do to use the dedicated tool

ssh -t remote_host screen -r
2009-07-23 06:15:04
User: recursiverse
Functions: screen ssh
Tags: ssh screen

Directly attach a remote screen session (saves a useless parent bash process)

ssh -MNf <user>@<host>
2009-02-26 14:11:19
User: raphink
Functions: ssh

Create a persistent SSH connection to the host in the background. Combine this with settings in your ~/.ssh/config:

Host host

ControlPath ~/.ssh/master-%r@%h:%p

ControlMaster no

All the SSH connections to the machine will then go through the persisten SSH socket. This is very useful if you are using SSH to synchronize files (using rsync/sftp/cvs/svn) on a regular basis because it won't create a new socket each time to open an ssh connection.

ssh -t hostA ssh hostB
2009-08-27 21:35:19
User: 0x89
Functions: ssh

Of course you need to be able to access host A for this ;-)

ssh root@remote.host "rpm -qa" | xargs yum -y install
date --set="$(ssh user@server date)"
2011-08-30 20:03:06
User: splante
Functions: date
Tags: ssh ,NTP ,Date

Shorter, easier to remember version of cmd#7636

NTP is better, but there are situations where it can't be used. In those cases, you can do this to sync the local time to a server.

knock <host> 3000 4000 5000 && ssh -p <port> user@host && knock <host> 5000 4000 3000
2009-07-28 14:08:01
User: din7
Functions: ssh

Knock on ports to open a port to a service (ssh for example) and knock again to close the port. You have to install knockd.

See example config file below.


logfile = /var/log/knockd.log


sequence = 3000,4000,5000

seq_timeout = 5

command = /sbin/iptables -A INPUT -i eth0 -s %IP% -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

tcpflags = syn


sequence = 5000,4000,3000

seq_timeout = 5

command = /sbin/iptables -D INPUT -i eth0 -s %IP% -p tcp --dport 22 -j ACCEPT

tcpflags = syn

ssh host -l user $(<cmd.txt)
2010-06-04 17:47:00
User: recursiverse
Functions: host ssh

Much simpler method. More portable version: ssh host -l user "`cat cmd.txt`"

sed -i 8d ~/.ssh/known_hosts
echo ${SSH_CLIENT%% *}
ssh -t user@some.domain.com /usr/bin/screen -xRR
2009-02-20 23:39:54
User: olifante
Functions: ssh

Long before tabbed terminals existed, people have been using Gnu screen to open many shells in a single text terminal. Combined with ssh, it gives you the ability to have many open shells with a single remote connection using the above options. If you detach with "Ctrl-a d" or if the ssh session is accidentally terminated, all processes running in your remote shells remain undisturbed, ready for you to reconnect. Other useful screen commands are "Ctrl-a c" (open new shell) and "Ctrl-a a" (alternate between shells). Read this quick reference for more screen commands: http://aperiodic.net/screen/quick_reference

mysqldump --add-drop-table --extended-insert --force --log-error=error.log -uUSER -pPASS OLD_DB_NAME | ssh -C user@newhost "mysql -uUSER -pPASS NEW_DB_NAME"
2009-02-17 17:57:53
User: Tscherno
Functions: ssh

Dumps a MySQL database over a compressed SSH tunnel and uses it as input to mysql - i think that is the fastest and best way to migrate a DB to a new server!

ssh root@server.com 'tshark -f "port !22" -w -' | wireshark -k -i -
2009-12-17 23:03:24
User: markdrago
Functions: ssh

This captures traffic on a remote machine with tshark, sends the raw pcap data over the ssh link, and displays it in wireshark. Hitting ctrl+C will stop the capture and unfortunately close your wireshark window. This can be worked-around by passing -c # to tshark to only capture a certain # of packets, or redirecting the data through a named pipe rather than piping directly from ssh to wireshark. I recommend filtering as much as you can in the tshark command to conserve bandwidth. tshark can be replaced with tcpdump thusly:

ssh root@example.com tcpdump -w - 'port !22' | wireshark -k -i -
yes | pv | ssh $host "cat > /dev/null"
2009-12-27 21:34:23
User: opertinicy
Functions: ssh yes
Tags: ssh yes pv

connects to host via ssh and displays the live transfer speed, directing all transferred data to /dev/null

needs pv installed

Debian: 'apt-get install pv'

Fedora: 'yum install pv' (may need the 'extras' repository enabled)

ssh remotehost 'dpkg --get-selections' | dpkg --set-selections && dselect install
2011-05-12 17:26:43
User: Mozai
Functions: ssh

(also works on Ubuntu) Copies the 'install,' 'hold,' 'deinstall' and 'purge' states of packages on the remote machine to be matched on the local machine. Note: if packages were installed on the local machine that were never installed on the remote machine, they will not be deinstalled by this operation.

tar -cj /backup | cstream -t 777k | ssh host 'tar -xj -C /backup'
2009-07-02 10:05:53
User: wires
Functions: host ssh tar

this bzips a folder and transfers it over the network to "host" at 777k bit/s.

cstream can do a lot more, have a look http://www.cons.org/cracauer/cstream.html#usage

for example:

echo w00t, i'm 733+ | cstream -b1 -t2

hehe :)

arecord -f dat | ssh -C user@host aplay -f dat
rsync --partial --progress --rsh=ssh $file_source $user@$host:$destination_file
2009-04-01 13:13:14
User: dr_gogeta86
Functions: rsync

It can resume a failed secure copy ( usefull when you transfer big files like db dumps through vpn ) using rsync.

It requires rsync installed in both hosts.

rsync --partial --progress --rsh=ssh $file_source $user@$host:$destination_file local -> remote


rsync --partial --progress --rsh=ssh $user@$host:$remote_file $destination_file remote -> local