Commands by Giancarlo (3)

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a function to find the fastest DNS server
http://public-dns.info gives a list of online dns servers. you need to change the country in url (br in this url) with your country code. this command need some time to ping all IP in list.

Purge configuration files of removed packages on debian based systems
Purge all configuration files of removed packages

mhwd ? Manjaro Hardware Detection
One base component is our hardware detection. It is a C++ library and app and is designed after a dynamic structure. Any kind of hardware, no matter if usb or pci, can be configured by mhwd. There is just a simple configuration file which tells mhwd what to do. This way we also support hybrid graphics cards out of the box. However there are currently only mhwd configs for nvidia optimus setups. But this gap will be filled soon. Just play with some of those commands to get a feeling about mhwd.

Drop all tables from a database, without deleting it
Uses two comands, requieres mysqldump, but works as expected.

Convert Youtube videos to MP3
youtube-dl has this functionality built in. If you're running an older version of youtube-dl, you can update it using `youtube-dl -U` (although if you have an older version, it probably doesn't download youtube videos anyway.) youtube-dl --help will show you other options that may come in useful.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

List all users and groups

Send a binary file as an attachment to an email
The uuencode utility will encode your file so that it can be sent as an attachment to an email. It is part of the sharutils package in RHEL/CentOS/Fedora.

scping files with streamlines compression (tar gzip)
it compresses the files and folders to stdout, secure copies it to the server's stdin and runs tar there to extract the input and output to whatever destination using -C. if you emit "-C /destination", it will extract it to the home folder of the user, much like `scp file user@server:`. the "v" in the tar command can be removed for no verbosity.

Runs previous command replacing foo by bar every time that foo appears
Very useful for rerunning a long command changing some arguments globally. As opposed to ^foo^bar, which only replaces the first occurrence of foo, this one changes every occurrence.


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