Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.
Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!
Hide

Top Tags

Hide

Functions

Hide

Credits

Commands tagged expand from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged expand - 5 results
find . -type f -name \*.php | while IFS="" read i; do expand -t4 "$i" > "$i-"; mv "$i-" "$i"; done
2011-04-08 12:53:14
User: flatcap
Functions: expand find mv read
-4

Recursively find php files and replace tab characters with spaces.

Options:

"\*.php" -- replace this with the files you wish to find

"expand" -- replace tabs with spaces (use "unexpand" to replace spaces with tabs)

"-t4" -- tabs represent 4 spaces

Note: The IFS="" in the middle is to prevent 'read' from eating leading/trailing whitespace in filenames.

bind '"\C-e":"\eb `which \ef`\e\C-e"'
2011-01-26 16:11:52
User: jennings6k
0

Tested with bash v4.1.5 on ubuntu 10.10

Limitations:

as written above, only works for programs with no file extention (i.e 'proggy', but not 'proggy.sh')

because \eb maps to readine function backward-word rather then shell-backward-word (which

is unbinded by default on ubuntu), and correspondingly for \ef.

if you're willing to have Ctrl-f and Ctrl-g taken up too , you can insert the following lines

into ~/.inputrc, in which case invoking Ctrl-e will do the right thing both for "proggy" and "proggy.sh".

-- cut here --

\C-f:shell-backward-word

\C-g:shell-forward-word

"\C-e":"\C-f`which \C-g`\e\C-e"

-- cut here --

expand -t 2 <filename>
2010-07-13 23:04:57
User: camocrazed
Functions: expand
Tags: expand
-1

Change the number to change the number of spaces. Leaving it out defaults to 8. Leaving out the filename defaults to stdin.

And to do it in reverse, you can use the unexpand command.

expanded_script=$(eval "echo \"$(cat ${sed_script_file})\"") && sed -e "${expanded_script}" your_input_file
2009-05-07 14:21:14
Functions: eval sed
-1

With this command you can use shell variables inside sed scripts.

This is useful if the script MUST remain in an external file, otherwise you can simply use an inline -e argument to sed.

shopt -s globstar
2009-05-05 16:02:44
User: Alanceil
11

Since bash 4.0, you can use ** to recursively expand to all files in the current directory. This behaviour is disabled by default, this command enables it (you'd best put it in your .profile). See the sample output for clarification.

In my opinion this is much better than creating hacks with find and xargs when you want to pass files to an application.