What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags





Commands using find from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using find - 1,070 results
find <mydir> -type f -exec rename 's/<string1>/<string2>/g' {} \;
2015-11-19 17:51:13
User: thrifus
Functions: find rename
Tags: find replace

This version works on OS X (if you have installed `rename`)

find <mydir> -type f -exec sed -i 's/<string1>/<string2>/g' {} \;
find / -name \*.php -exec grep -Hn .1.=.......0.=.......3.=.......2.=.......5.= {} \;
2015-10-28 20:58:53
User: UnklAdM
Functions: find grep

If this matches any files on your web server expect to find allot of malware spread throughout your server folders. Seems to target wordpress sites. Be sure to check your themes/theme-name/header.php files manually for various redirect scripting usually in the line right above the close head tag.

Good luck!

find / -name \*.php -exec grep -Hn preg_replace {} \;|grep /e|grep POST
D="$(date "+%F %T.%N")"; [COMMAND]; find . -newermt "$D"
2015-10-15 21:09:54
User: flatcap
Functions: find

Often you run a command, but afterwards you're not quite sure what it did.

By adding this prefix/suffix around [COMMAND], you can list any files that were modified.


Take a nanosecond timestamp: YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS.NNNNNNNNN

date "+%F %T.%N"


Find any files that have been modified since that timestamp:

find . -newermt "$D"


This command currently only searches below the current directory.

If you want to look elsewhere change the find parameter, e.g.

find /var/log . -newermt "$D"
touch .tardis; the command ; find . -newer .tardis; rm .tardis;
2015-10-15 19:18:54
User: BeniBela
Functions: command find rm touch

This lists all files modified after calling some command using a temporal anchor.

find . -iname '*png' -exec pngcrush -ow -brute {} {}.crush \;
2015-09-22 11:10:16
User: miniker84
Functions: find
Tags: GNU find

Find all pngs in directory structure and pngcrush them, none destructive. You can just remove the "{}.crush" part if you want destructive.

find /proc/*/fd -xtype f -printf "%l\n" | grep -P '^/(?!dev|proc|sys)' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2015-08-18 17:58:21
User: flatcap
Functions: find grep sort uniq
Tags: sort uniq find grep

List all open files of all processes.


find /proc/*/fd

Look through the /proc file descriptors


-xtype f

list only symlinks to file


-printf "%l\n"

print the symlink target


grep -P '^/(?!dev|proc|sys)'

ignore files from /dev /proc or /sys


sort | uniq -c | sort -n

count the results


Many processes will create and immediately delete temporary files.

These can the filtered out by adding:

... | grep -v " (deleted)$" | ...
phpcs --no-colors --standard=WordPress-Core -s -- $( find . -name '*.php' ) | ack -o '(?<=\()\w+(\.\w+)+(?=\)$)' | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr
find <path> |xargs grep <pattern>
find /dev/disk/by-id -type l -printf "%l\t%f\n" | cut -b7- | sort
find . -name '._*' -type f -delete
2015-05-16 18:12:50
User: MarcLaf
Functions: find
Tags: mac os x

Searches from present dir forward and removes all Mac generated . (dot) files.

find . -path "*/any_depth/*" -exec grep "needle" {} +
find . -type f -name '*' -exec md5sum '{}' + > hashes.txt
find -name pom.xml | while read f; do cd $(dirname "$f"); mvn clean; cd -; done;
2015-04-15 21:24:49
User: glaudiston
Functions: cd dirname find read

this command is used to locate all pom.xml files, access the dir and do a mvn clean, but I do recommend you to disable network interfaces to not download dependencies packages to be faster.

find /PATHNAME -type l | while read nullsymlink ; do wrongpath=$(readlink "$nullsymlink") ; right=$(echo "$wrongpath" | sed s'|OLD_STRING|NEW_STRING|') ; ln -fs "$right" "$nullsymlink" ; done
2015-04-14 14:58:41
User: iDudo
Functions: echo find ln read readlink sed

After you run this script, you can check status for broken symlink with this command:

find -L . -type l

find . -type f -exec echo -n "touch -t \`echo " \; -exec echo -n {} \; -exec echo -n " | sed -E 's/.*([[:digit:]]{8})_([[:digit:]]{4})([[:digit:]]{2}).*/\1\2.\3/g'\` " \; -exec echo {} \; | sh
findfile() { find . -type f -iname "*${*}*" ; }
2015-01-01 03:15:51
User: Xk2c
Functions: find
Tags: find function

Actually your func will find both files and directorys that contain ${1}.

This one only find files.

..and to look only for dirs:

finddir() { find . -type d -iname "*${*}*" ; }

finame(){ find . -iname "*$1*"; }
2014-12-31 22:33:08
Functions: find
Tags: find function

It looks for files that contains the given word as parameter.

* case insensitive

* matches files containing the given word.

find . -name '*.php' | xargs wc -l
2014-12-24 11:15:18
User: erez83
Functions: find wc xargs
Tags: count code

count all the lines of code in specific directory recursively

in this case only *.php

can be *.*

find . -printf '%.5m %10M %#9u %-9g %TY-%Tm-%Td+%Tr [%Y] %s %p\n'|sort -nrk8|head
find /srv/code -maxdepth 4 -type f -regex ".*\(\(package\|composer|npm\\|bower\)\.json\|Gemfile\|requirements\.txt\\|\.gitmodules\)"
2014-11-28 16:34:35
User: renoirb
Functions: find
Tags: bash git PHP ruby

List all dependencies manifests so you can install them.

In a scenario where you want to deploy a number of web applications and run their dependency managers, how could you run all of them in a systematic order.

One of the complexity is to ensure you get only your own top level dependencies. That way, you don recursively call development dependencies of your own dependencies.

Otherwise you might end up discovering dependency management manifests that are already been pulled by your own projects.

# Using this command

This command helps me find them and I can then run what?s required to pull them from their respective sources.

This command assumes the following:

1. Your code checkouts are in a flat repository layout (i.e. not nested).

2. Finds manifests for:

- NPM (nodejs),

- Composer (php),

- bower,

- requirements.txt (Python), and

- git submodules

find . -type f -name "*\?*" | while read f;do mv "$f" "${f//[^0-9A-Za-z.\/\(\)\ ]/_}";done
2014-11-28 14:55:27
User: miccaman
Functions: find mv read
Tags: bash find mv

replace all "?" characters in filename to underscore

find . -type d -name "*\?*" | while read f;do mv "$f" "${f//[^0-9A-Za-z.\/\(\)\ ]/_}";done
2014-11-28 14:52:46
User: miccaman
Functions: find mv read
Tags: bash find mv

rename all dirs with "?" char in name, leave spaces and () in place

touch -t 197001010000 ./tmp && find . -newer ./tmp && rm -f ./tmp
2014-11-18 00:29:26
User: sergeylukin
Functions: find rm touch

Sometimes you just want to operate on files that were created after specific date. This command consists of 3 commands:

- Create a dummy file with the custom date

- Find all files with "creation time" further than our custom date by using `-newer` find option. Add your crazy stuff here, like moving, deleting, printing, etc.

- Remove the dummy file