Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands tagged firefox from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged firefox - 35 results
pulseaudio -k && pulseaudio --start >/dev/null 2>&1 &
google() { gg="https://www.google.com/search?q=";q="";if [[ $1 ]]; then for arg in "$@" ; do q="$q+$arg"; done ; if [[ -f /usr/bin/chromium ]]; then chromium "$gg"$q; else firefox -new-tab "$gg"$q; fi else echo 'Usage: google "[seach term]"'; fi }
google() { gg="https://www.google.com/search?q="; ff="firefox"; if [[ $1 ]]; then "$ff" -new-tab "$gg"$(echo ${1//[^a-zA-Z0-9]/+}); else echo 'Usage: google "[seach term]"'; fi }
2013-08-01 22:21:53
User: lowjax
Functions: echo
2

Usage: google "[search string]"

Example: google "something im searching for"

This will launch firefox and execute a google search in a new tab with the provided search string.

You must provide the path to your Firefox binary if using cygwin to $ff or create an alias like follows:

alias firefox='/cygdrive/c/Program Files (x86)/Mozilla Firefox/firefox.exe'

Most Linux flavors with Firefox installed will use just ff="firefox" and even OSX.

sqlite3 ~/.mozilla/firefox/*default/places.sqlite "select a.url, a.title from moz_places a, moz_bookmarks b where a.id=b.fk and b.parent=2;"
2013-04-12 17:41:34
User: jrdbz
4

Found this useful query at http://id.motd.org/pivot/entry.php?id=22. The b.parent=2 in the command refers to the bookmarks folder to extract. See the source webpage for additional info.

set str=user_pref("browser.startup.homepage", "http://www.fcisolutions.com/"); cd = "%APPDATA%\Mozilla\Firefox\Profiles\*.default\" echo %str%>>prefs.js
2012-05-30 18:50:15
User: Micool777
Functions: cd echo set
1

Pros: Works in all Windows computers, most updated and compatible command.

Cons: 3 liner

Replace fcisolutions.com with your site name.

find ~/.mozilla -name '*.sqlite' -exec sqlite3 {} VACUUM \;
for line in `cat $file`; do firefox -new-tab "$line" & 2>/dev/null; sleep 1; done
2011-11-12 13:47:24
User: hamsolo474
Functions: sleep
2

this will open a new tab in firefox for every line in a file

the sleep is removable but i found that if you have a large list of urls 50+, and no sleep, it will try to open all the urls at once and this will cause them all to load a lot slower, also depending on the ram of your system sleep gives you a chance to close the tabs before they overload your ram, removing & >2/dev/null will yield unpredictable results.

for /F %i in (url_list.txt) do Firefox.exe -new-tab "%i"
2011-09-09 02:17:16
0

Firefox.exe needs to be in the path

To enhance: add a sleep...

url_list contains urls:

D:\>type url_list.txt

http://yahoo.com

google.com

http://fr.news.yahoo.com

echo ".mode tabs select host, case when host glob '.*' then 'TRUE' else 'FALSE' end, path, case when isSecure then 'TRUE' else 'FALSE' end, expiry, name, value from moz_cookies;" | sqlite3 ~/.mozilla/firefox/*.default/cookies.sqlite
2011-08-15 14:49:47
User: euridice
Functions: echo
6

useful to use after with the --load-cookies option of wget

sudo find /usr/share/hunspell/ -lname '*' -delete
2010-11-07 15:11:02
User: atti
Functions: find sudo
0

When you right click a text box in Firefox and you have installed a few dictionaries you'll see a loooong list of spellcheckers. Most of them are duplicated (symlinks). This command deletes de duplicates and reduces the list.

firefox -ProfileManager -no-remote
2010-10-08 14:40:18
User: rovr138
-2

If you need to create a profile and are already running Firefox, you don't need to close it to do it. Also, if you don't know the exact name of the profile, this would allow you to pick from a list.

firefox -P <profile_name> -no-remote
2010-08-25 19:14:10
User: mariusbutuc
5

After running

firefox -ProfileManager

and creating several different profiles, use this command to run multiple Firefox profiles simultaneously.

$grep -hIr -m 1 em:name ~/.mozilla/firefox/*.default/extensions|sed 's#\s*##'|tr '<>=' '"""'|cut -f3 -d'"'|sort -u
2010-05-24 08:03:53
User: raj77_in
Functions: sed sort tr
-1

with grep for em:name rather than name, you will get much better result.

grep -hIr -m 1 :name ~/.mozilla/firefox/*.$USER/extensions | tr '<>=' '"""' | cut -f3 -d'"' | sort -u
2010-05-18 14:49:44
User: new_user
Functions: grep sort tr
-1

1.) my profile ends with $USER not with .default

2.) only grep for the first occurrence because some extensions have the translated name also inside the install.rdf

grep -hIr :name ~/.mozilla/firefox/*.default/extensions | tr '<>=' '"""' | cut -f3 -d'"' | sort -u
find ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/Cache -exec file {} \; | awk -F ': ' 'tolower($2)~/mpeg/{print $1}'
2010-04-19 06:59:55
User: sata
Functions: awk file find
2

Grab a list of MP3s (with full path) out of Firefox's cache

Ever gone to a site that has an MP3 embedded into a pesky flash player, but no download link? Well, this one-liner will yank the *full path* of those tunes straight out of FF's cache in a clean list.

Shorter and Intuitive version of the command submitted by (TuxOtaku)

for i in `ls ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/Cache`; do file $i | grep -i mpeg | awk '{print $1}' | sed s/.$//; done
2010-04-11 23:14:18
User: TuxOtaku
Functions: awk file grep sed
4

Ever gone to a site that has an MP3 embedded into a pesky flash player, but no download link? Well, this one-liner will yank the names of those tunes straight out of FF's cache in a nice, easy to read list. What you do with them after that is *ahem* no concern of mine. ;)

change-homepage(){ sed -ri 's|( "homepage": ").*(",)|\1'"$@"'\2|' .config/chromium/Default/Preferences; }
sed -i 's|\("browser.startup.homepage",\) "\(.*\)"|\1 "http://sliceoflinux.com"|' .mozilla/firefox/*.default/prefs.js
2010-04-09 08:00:22
User: sliceoflinux
Functions: sed
3

This command modifies the preferences file of Firefox that is located in .mozilla/firefox/*.default/prefs.js. It edits the file with sed and the -i option. Then it searches the string "browser.startup.homepage", and the string next to it (second string). Finally, it replaces the second string with the new homepage, that is http://sliceoflinux.com in the example.

It doesn't work if you haven't set any homepage.

podwebserver& sleep 2; elinks 'http://127.0.0.1:8020'
2010-01-27 10:57:34
User: vlan7
Functions: sleep
5

Prerequisites: module Pod::Webserver installed. You can install it typing:

sudo perl -MCPAN -e 'install Pod::Webserver'

You can replace elinks with your fav browser. For FF:

podwebserver& sleep 2; firefox -remote 'openurl( http://127.0.0.1:8020/, new-tab )'

If you have Firefox open, this will pop-up the index web in a new tab.

for /f "delims==" %a in (' dir "%USERPROFILE%\*.sqlite" /s/b ') do echo vacuum;|"sqlite3.exe" "%a"
2010-01-18 20:56:00
User: vutcovici
Functions: dir echo
-3

This command defragment the SQLite databases found in the home folder of the current Windows user.

This is usefull to speed up Firefox startup.

The executable sqlite3.exe must be located in PATH or in the current folder.

In a script use:

for /f "delims==" %%a in (' dir "%USERPROFILE%\*.sqlite" /s/b ') do echo vacuum;|"sqlite3.exe" "%%a"
lsof -p $(pidof firefox) | awk '/.mozilla/ { s = int($7/(2^20)); if(s>0) print (s)" MB -- "$9 | "sort -rn" }'
2010-01-13 22:45:53
User: tzk
Functions: awk pidof
10

Just refining last proposal for this check, showing awk power to make more complex math (instead /1024/1024, 2^20). We don't need declare variable before run lsof, because $(command) returns his output. Also, awk can perform filtering by regexp instead to call grep. I changed the 0.0000xxxx messy output, with a more readable form purging all fractional numbers and files less than 1 MB.

python2 <<< $'import json\nf = open("sessionstore.js", "r")\njdata = json.loads(f.read())\nf.close()\nfor win in jdata.get("windows"):\n\tfor tab in win.get("tabs"):\n\t\ti = tab.get("index") - 1\n\t\tprint tab.get("entries")[i].get("url")'
2009-12-28 21:56:05
User: sputnick
Tags: firefox python
3

You have to do that before :

cd ~/.mozilla/firefox/<YOUR PROFILE>

Require bash. If you use something else, you may use

echo <CODE> | python

Forked from ArkSeth python script.

perl -lne 'print for /url":"\K[^"]+/g' $(ls -t ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | sed q)
2009-12-14 00:51:54
User: sputnick
Functions: ls perl sed
0

If you want all the URLs from all the sessions, you can use :

perl -lne 'print for /url":"\K[^"]+/g' ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js

Thanks to tybalt89 ( idea of the "for" statement ).

For perl purists, there's JSON and File::Slurp modules, buts that's not installed by default.

grep -oP '"url":"\K[^"]+' $(ls -t ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | sed q)
2009-12-09 20:34:32
User: sputnick
Functions: grep ls sed
0

Require "grep -P" ( pcre ).

If you don't have grep -P, use that :

grep -Eo '"url":"[^"]+' $(ls -t ~/.mozilla/firefox/*/sessionstore.js | sed q) | cut -d'"' -f4