What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags





How to backup hard disk timely?

Terminal - How to backup hard disk timely?
rsync -av --link-dest=$(ls -1d /backup/*/ | tail -1) /data/ /backup/$(date +%Y%m%d%H%M)/
2010-08-05 19:36:24
User: dooblem
Functions: date ls rsync tail
How to backup hard disk timely?

'data' is the directory to backup, 'backup' is directory to store snapshots.

Backup files on a regular basis using hard links. Very efficient, quick. Backup data is directly available.

Same as explained here :


in one line.

Using du to check the size of your backups, the first backup counts for all the space, and other backups only files that have changed.


There is 1 alternative - vote for the best!

Terminal - Alternatives
rsync -a --link-dest=/media/backup/$HOSTNAME/$PREVDATE '--exclude=/[ps][ry][os]' --exclude=/media/backup/$HOSTNAME / /media/backup/$HOSTNAME/$DATE/
2010-01-30 08:36:41
User: danam
Functions: rsync

Creates files in $DATE and hardlinks existing files to $PREVDATE. Thus full backup in each directory. Only drawback is changed modification time. Recommend a wrapper script to determine $DATE and $PREVDATE. Works like a charm. (Dirvish handrolled)

Know a better way?

If you can do better, submit your command here.

Your point of view

You must be signed in to comment.