Commands by kayvank (1)

What's this? is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

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Remove all mail in Postfix mail queue.

Generate random number with shuf
If you don't have seq or shuf, bash can be used.

commandline dictionary
Note: 1) Replace 'wonder' with any word you looking the meaning for in the above example 2) Need to install these packages: wordnet & wordnet-base (latter should be automatically installed because of dependency) 3) Combined size of packages is about 30MB on my old ubuntu system (I find it worth it)

Display the output of a command from the first line until the first instance of a regular expression.
Slightly simpler version of previous sed command that does the same thing. In this case, the output will stop at the command, and the entire command will be terminated as well, instead of proceeding through the whole file.

Generate the CPU utilization report
Generated the CPU utilization stats with 5 lines /every 2 seconds. Needs sysstat package to be installed prior to use sar.

wget multiple files (or mirror) from NTLM-protected Sharepoint
If you have to deal with MS Sharepoint which is (rarely, let's hope) used in e.g. certain corporate environments). This uses Cntlm. For single files, just use cURL -- its NTLM authentication works quite well. # /etc/cntlm.conf: # Username account # Domain domain # Password ############ # Proxy (IP of the sharepoint site) # NoProxy * # Listen 3128

List all execs in $PATH, usefull for grepping the resulting list
##Dependancies: bash coreutils Many executables in $PATH have the keyword somewhere other than the beginning in their file names. The command is useful for exploring the executables in $PATH like this. $ find ${PATH//:/ } -executable -type f -printf "%f\n" |grep admin lpadmin time-admin network-admin svnadmin users-admin django-admin shares-admin services-admin

tar.gz with gpg-encryption on the fly
Create a encrypted tar.gz file from a directory on the fly. The encryption is done by GPG with a public key. The resulting filename is tagged with the date of creation. Very usefull for encrypted snapshots of folders.

Trace and view network traffic
Trace and view network traffic. I made this far too complicated.. now fixed, thanks zolden.

Write comments to your history.
A null operation with the name 'comment', allowing comments to be written to HISTFILE. Prepending '#' to a command will *not* write the command to the history file, although it will be available for the current session, thus '#' is not useful for keeping track of comments past the current session.

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Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.


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Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

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