Commands by mij (1)

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Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Remote copy directories and files through an SSH tunnel host
If you have lots of remote hosts sitting "behind" an ssh proxy host, then there is a special-case use of "rsynch" that allows one to easily copy directories and files across the ssh proxy host, without having to do two explicit copies: the '-e' option allows for a replacement "rsh" command. We use this option to specify an "ssh" tunnel command, with the '-A' option that causes authentication agent requests to be forwarded back to the local host. If you have ssh set up correctly, the above command can be done without any passwords being entered.

Merge several pdf files into a single file

See how many more processes are allowed, awesome!
There is a limit to how many processes you can run at the same time for each user, especially with web hosts. If the maximum # of processes for your user is 200, then the following sets OPTIMUM_P to 100. $ OPTIMUM_P=$(( (`ulimit -u` - `find /proc -maxdepth 1 \( -user $USER -o -group $GROUPNAME \) -type d|wc -l`) / 2 )) This is very useful in scripts because this is such a fast low-resource-intensive (compared to ps, who, lsof, etc) way to determine how many processes are currently running for whichever user. The number of currently running processes is subtracted from the high limit setup for the account (see limits.conf, pam, initscript). An easy to understand example- this searches the current directory for shell scripts, and runs up to 100 'file' commands at the same time, greatly speeding up the command. $ find . -type f | xargs -P $OPTIMUM_P -iFNAME file FNAME | sed -n '/shell script text/p' I am using it in my http://www.askapache.com/linux-unix/bash_profile-functions-advanced-shell.html especially for the xargs command. Xargs has a -P option that lets you specify how many processes to run at the same time. For instance if you have 1000 urls in a text file and wanted to download all of them fast with curl, you could download 100 at a time (check ps output on a separate [pt]ty for proof) like this: $ cat url-list.txt | xargs -I '{}' -P $OPTIMUM_P curl -O '{}' I like to do things as fast as possible on my servers. I have several types of servers and hosting environments, some with very restrictive jail shells with 20processes limit, some with 200, some with 8000, so for the jailed shells my xargs -P10 would kill my shell or dump core. Using the above I can set the -P value dynamically, so xargs always works, like this. $ cat url-list.txt | xargs -I '{}' -P $OPTIMUM_P curl -O '{}' If you were building a process-killer (very common for cheap hosting) this would also be handy. Note that if you are only allowed 20 or so processes, you should just use -P1 with xargs.

do something else while waiting for an event, such as reboot
until (ssh [email protected] 2> /dev/null); do date; sleep 15; done In this case will execute "date" then "sleep 15" until we are able to ssh into server, such as after a reboot Could also be like: until ( ping 10.1.1.39 1> /dev/null); do echo "server 10.1.1.39 is down"; sleep 15; done

Mysql extended status
Useful when checking MySQL status.

get all Google ipv4 subnets for a iptables firewall for example
a bit shorter, parenthesis not needed but added for clarity

Netcat Relay
This is an example of using 3 hosts, in a netcat relay. first host connects to middle host 1 -> 2 Second hosts redirects to target host 1 -> 2 -> 3 I hope this makes sense.

Test disk I/O
Especially useful to gauge the performance of a VPS.

Report information about executable launched on system
Aureport is a tool for displaying auditd system log. -x options cause to display launched executable on system. Aureport work with auditd so auditd must be installed an running on a system. Tested on CentOS / Debian


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