Break lines after, for example 78 characters, but don't break within a word/string

fold -w 78 -s file-to-wrap
Per default, linux/unix shells are configured with a width of 80 characters. If you like to edit a phrase or string on a line with more than 80 characters it might take long to go there (for example a line with 1000 characters and you like to edit the 98th word which is character 598-603). Maybe you might wish to use 78 characters, because if you forward the text via mail and the text will be quoted (2 extra characters at the beginning to the line "> "), you use 80 characters, otherwise 82, which are lame.

3
By: GeckoDH
2009-05-19 19:33:10

These Might Interest You

  • hgrep() { if [[ ${#} -eq 0 ]] then printf "usage:\nhgrep [--nonum | -N | -n | --all-nonum | -an | -na] STRING\n" return 1 fi while [[ ${#} -gt 0 ]] do case ${1} in --nonum | -N | -n | --all-nonum | -an | -na) builtin history | sed 's/^[[:blank:]]\+[[:digit:]]\{1,5\}[[:blank:]]\{2\}//' | grep -iE "(${*:2})" break ;; *) builtin history | grep -iE "(${*})" break ;; esac done } 'hgrep -n' helps in using full grep support, e.g. search for _beginning_ of specific commands, see example output Show Sample Output


    -1
    hgrep() { ... } longer then 255 characters, see below
    Xk2c · 2014-04-02 16:40:36 2
  • This server can be access by a browser or other remote terminal with ncat. I have to use de test && break to allow ctrl-c to close. Show Sample Output


    0
    while [ 1 ]; do cat /dev/urandom | tr -dc ' -~' | head -c 10 | ncat -l 8080 &> /dev/null; test $? -gt 128 && break; done
    xxjcaxx · 2016-05-04 14:36:47 0
  • Abort/Break with CTRL-C when no output is shown anymore (break while true loop). Show Sample Output


    0
    while true; do for bzipfile in $(file *|egrep bzip2|awk '{print $1'}|cut -d':' -f1); do bunzip2 $bzipfile; done; done
    tapestreamer · 2016-12-12 16:12:18 0
  • This command will loop until the process no longer exists, calling closemainwindow() this is as if the user clicked the close window x in the upper right hand corner and gives the user an opportunity to save work in many applications like notepad and other things. The $'s are escaped for Cygwin, if you want to run the same command from the RUN box or cmd.exe shell then just unescape the $'s: powershell -Command "while ($true){Try{$process=Get-Process calc -ErrorAction Stop}Catch [Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ProcessCommandException]{break;}if ($process) {$whateva=$process.CloseMainWindow()}else {break;}Start-Sleep -m 500}" Show Sample Output


    0
    powershell -Command "while (\$true){Try{\$process=Get-Process firefox -ErrorAction Stop}Catch [Microsoft.PowerShell.Commands.ProcessCommandException]{break;}if (\$process) {\$whateva=\$process.CloseMainWindow()}else {break;}Start-Sleep -m 500}"
    adanisch · 2014-07-04 11:06:22 0

What Others Think

check fmt also :)
Velenux · 473 weeks and 6 days ago

What do you think?

Any thoughts on this command? Does it work on your machine? Can you do the same thing with only 14 characters?

You must be signed in to comment.

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands



Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: