Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands tagged streaming from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged streaming - 12 results
vlc screen:// :screen-fps=30 :screen-caching=100 --sout '#transcode{vcodec=mp4v,vb=4096,acodec=mpga,ab=256,scale=1,width=1280,height=800}:rtp{dst=192.168.1.2,port=1234,access=udp,mux=ts}'
2011-12-10 17:09:29
User: fishbulb1022
1

This allows you to stream your desktop using vlc to another computer, in this case, 192.168.1.2 on your local network. If you have vlc installed, your all set to try this out. To view your own desktop, just run "vlc screen://"

For more info, see http://nerdlogger.com/2008/01/08/stream-your-linuxwindowsmac-desktop-as-video-using-vlc/

ffmpeg -i $src -an -vcodec [...details in description...] rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstAudioPort4 -newaudio
2011-07-29 15:36:37
0

ffmpeg [source specification if needed] -i $src -an -vcodec libx264 -coder 0 -threads 0 -flags +loop -cmp +chroma -partitions +parti4x4+partp8x8+partb8x8 -subq 5 -trellis 1 -refs 1 -coder 0 -me_range 16 -keyint_min 25 -sc_threshold 40 -i_qfactor 0.71 -rc_eq 'blurCplx^(1-qComp)' -qcomp 0.6 -qmin 10 -qmax 51 -level 13 -g 15 -crf 25 -s 320x224 -aspect 16:9 -r 15 -b 186000 -vb 186000 -minrate 176700 -maxrate 195300 -bt 9300 -bufsize 262500 -muxrate 195300 -vglobal 1 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstVideoPort1 -vn -acodec libfaac -async 2 -flags +global_header -ac 1 -ar 44100 -ab 64000 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstAudioPort1 -newaudio -an -vcodec libx264 -coder 0 -threads 0 -flags +loop -cmp +chroma -partitions +parti4x4+partp8x8+partb8x8 -subq 5 -trellis 1 -refs 1 -coder 0 -me_range 16 -keyint_min 25 -sc_threshold 40 -i_qfactor 0.71 -rc_eq 'blurCplx^(1-qComp)' -qcomp 0.6 -qmin 10 -qmax 51 -level 13 -g 20 -crf 25 -s 320x224 -aspect 16:9 -r 20 -b 286000 -vb 286000 -minrate 271700 -maxrate 300300 -bt 14300 -bufsize 367500 -muxrate 300300 -vglobal 1 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstVideoPort2 -newvideo -vn -acodec libfaac -async 2 -flags +global_header -ac 1 -ar 44100 -ab 64000 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstAudioPort2 -newaudio -an -vcodec libx264 -coder 0 -threads 0 -flags +loop -cmp +chroma -partitions +parti4x4+partp8x8+partb8x8 -subq 5 -trellis 1 -refs 1 -coder 0 -me_range 16 -keyint_min 25 -sc_threshold 40 -i_qfactor 0.71 -rc_eq 'blurCplx^(1-qComp)' -qcomp 0.6 -qmin 10 -qmax 51 -level 30 -g 25 -crf 25 -s 480x336 -aspect 16:9 -r 25 -b 386000 -vb 386000 -minrate 366700 -maxrate 405300 -bt 19300 -bufsize 472500 -muxrate 405300 -vglobal 1 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstVideoPort3 -newvideo -vn -acodec libfaac -async 2 -flags +global_header -ac 2 -ar 44100 -ab 64000 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstAudioPort3 -newaudio -an -vcodec libx264 -coder 0 -threads 0 -flags +loop -cmp +chroma -partitions +parti4x4+partp8x8+partb8x8 -subq 5 -trellis 1 -refs 1 -coder 0 -me_range 16 -keyint_min 25 -sc_threshold 40 -i_qfactor 0.71 -rc_eq 'blurCplx^(1-qComp)' -qcomp 0.6 -qmin 10 -qmax 51 -level 30 -g 25 -crf 25 -s 480x336 -aspect 16:9 -r 25 -b 686000 -vb 686000 -minrate 651700 -maxrate 720300 -bt 34300 -bufsize 787500 -muxrate 720300 -vglobal 1 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstVideoPort4 -newvideo -vn -acodec libfaac -async 2 -flags +global_header -ac 2 -ar 44100 -ab 64000 -f rtp rtp://$dstIP:$dstAudioPort4 -newaudio

mplayer -fs -cookies -cookies-file /tmp/cookie.txt $(youtube-dl -g --cookies /tmp/cookie.txt "http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTOSvEX-YeY")
cat video.ogg | nc -l -p 4232 & wget http://users.bshellz.net/~bazza/?nombre=name -O - & sleep 10; mplayer http://users.bshellz.net/~bazza/datos/name.ogg
ID=52DnUo6wJto;mplayer -fs $(echo "http://youtube.com/get_video.php?&video_id=$ID$(wget -qO - 'http://youtube.com/watch?v='$ID | perl -ne 'print $1."&asv=" if /^.*(&t=.*?)&.*$/; print "&fmt=".$1 if /^.*&fmt_map=(22).*$/')")
2010-09-17 17:06:55
User: lslah
Functions: echo
6

Streams youtube video with v=ID directly into the mplayer.

If exists, it uses the HD-quality stream.

If you don't want to watch it in HD-quality, you can use the shorter form:

ID=52DnUo6wJto; mplayer -fs $(echo "http://youtube.com/get_video.php?&video_id=$ID$(wget -qO - 'http://youtube.com/watch?v='$ID | perl -ne 'print $1."&asv=" if /^.*(&t=.*?)&.*$/')")
curl -L -s `curl -s [http://podcast.com/show.rss]` | xmlstarlet sel -t -m "//enclosure[1]" -v "@url" -n | head -n 1` | ssh -t [user]@[host] "mpg123 -"
2010-07-31 00:17:47
User: denzuko
Functions: head ssh
0

Gets the latest podcast show from from your favorite Podcast. Uses curl and xmlstarlet.

Make sure you change out the items between brackets.

curl -L -s `curl -s http://www.2600.com/oth-broadband.xml` | xmlstarlet sel -t -m "//enclosure[1]" -v "@url" -n | head -n 1` | ssh -t [user]@[host] "mpg123 -"
0

Ever wanted to stream your favorite podcast across the network, well now you can.

This command will parse the iTunes enabled podcast and stream the latest episode across the network through ssh encryption.

dvgrab --format raw - | tee dvstream.dv | ffmpeg2theora -A 45 -V 400 -c 1 -f dv -x 360 -y 288 -o /dev/stdout - | tee savelivestream.ogv | oggfwd -p -d "Stream description" -n "Streamname" my.icecastserver.com 80 icecastpassword /stream.ogv
2010-05-25 11:23:46
User: dittaeva
Functions: tee
4

Streaming HTML5 compatible video (Ogg Theora video with Vorbis sound) to an Icecast server using dvgrab, ffmpeg2theora and oggfwd.

In this example I'm merging stereo sound to mono (-c 1), saving the original dv for later higher quality on-demand video (tee dvstream.dv), saving the theora stream for immediate on-demand video, and publishing the stream in Xiph's stream directory (-p and the name and description).

The URL of the video will be (depending on your server) http://my.icecastserver.com/stream.ogv which will play in newer Firefox, Chrome and Opera web browsers. Cortado (a Java player) can easily be used for IE.

Note also that I'm using port 80, which is not the default port for Icecast, this is to avoid restrictive firewalls.

Also note that ffmpeg2theora 0.25 and will heed the bitrates much better than former versions because of using libtheora 1.1 or newer.

id="dMH0bHeiRNg";mplayer -fs http://youtube.com/get_video.php?video_id=$id\&t=$(curl -s http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=$id | sed -n 's/.*, "t": "\([^"]*\)", .*/\1/p')
2009-08-13 14:16:01
User: matthewbauer
Functions: id sed
12

The original doesn't work for me - but this does. I'm guessing that Youtube updated the video page so the original doesn't work.

alias somafm='read -p "Which station? "; mplayer --reallyquiet -vo none -ao sdl http://somafm.com/startstream=${REPLY}.pls'
2009-05-05 12:13:46
User: denzuko
Functions: alias
-2

This is the alias command that I discussed in my prior release which you can add to your ~/.bashrc.

This command asks for the station name and then connects to somafm, Great for those who have linux home entertainment boxes and ssh enabled on them, just for the CLI fiends out there ( I know I'm one of them ;)

You can find future releases of this and many more scripts at the teachings of master denzuko - denzuko.co.cc.

read -p "Which station? "; mplayer --reallyquiet -vo none -ao sdl http://somafm.com/startstream=${REPLY}.pls
2009-05-04 00:26:19
User: denzuko
Functions: read
11

This command asks for the station name and then connects to somafm, Great for those who have linux home entertainment boxes and ssh enabled on them, just for the CLI fiends out there ( I know I'm one of them ;)

Also, don't forget to add this as alias(ie alias somafm="read -p 'Which Station? "; mplayer --reallyquite -vo none -ao sdl

i="8uyxVmdaJ-w";mplayer -fs $(curl -s "http://www.youtube.com/get_video_info?&video_id=$i" | echo -e $(sed 's/%/\\x/g;s/.*\(v[0-9]\.lscache.*\)/http:\/\/\1/g') | grep -oP '^[^|,]*')
2009-03-09 03:57:44
User: lrvick
Functions: echo grep sed
56

This is the result of a several week venture without X. I found myself totally happy without X (and by extension without flash) and was able to do just about anything but watch YouTube videos... so this a the solution I came up with for that. I am sure this can be done better but this does indeed work... and tends to work far better than YouTube's ghetto proprietary flash player ;-)

Replace $i with any YouTube ID you want and this will scrape the site for the _real_ URL to the full quality .FLV file on Youtube's server and will then will hand that over to mplayer (or vlc or whatever you want) to be streamed.

In some browsers you can replace $i with just a % or put this in a shell script so all YouTube IDs can be handed directly off to your media player of choice for true streaming without the need for Flash or a downloader like clive. (I do however fully recommend clive if you wish to archive videos instead of streaming them)

If any interest is shown I would be more than happy to provide similar commands for other sites. Most streaming flash players use similar logic to YouTube.

Edit: 05/03/2011 -

Updated line to work with current YouTube. It could be a lot prettier but I will probably follow up with another update when I figure out how to get rid of that pesky Grep. Sed should take that syntax... but it doesn't.

Original (no longer working) command:

mplayer -fs $(echo "http://youtube.com/get_video.php?$(curl -s $youtube_url | sed -n "/watch_fullscreen/s;.*\(video_id.\+\)&title.*;\1;p")")