Commands by inof (7)

  • Some commands (such as sed and perl) have options to support in-place editing of files, but many commands do not. This shell function enables any command to change files in place. See the sample output for many examples. The function uses plain sh syntax and works with any POSIX shell or derivative, including zsh and bash. Show Sample Output


    1
    inplace() { eval F=\"\$$#\"; "$@" > "$F".new && mv -f "$F".new "$F"; }
    inof · 2010-04-09 11:36:31 10
  • Several people have submitted commands to do this, but I think this is the simplest solution. It also happens to be the most portable one: It should work with any sh or csh derived shell under any UNIX-like OS. Oh by the way, with my German locale ($LC_TIME set appropriately) it prints "g" most of the time, and sometimes (on Wednesdays) it prints "h". It never prints "y". Show Sample Output


    3
    date +%A | tail -2c
    inof · 2010-04-08 15:14:06 5
  • That one works on Linux. On BSD and Solaris, the ifconfig output is much easier to parse: /sbin/ifconfig -a | awk '/inet/{print $2}'


    0
    /sbin/ifconfig | awk -F'[ :]+' '/inet addr/{print $4}'
    inof · 2009-07-21 14:18:17 4
  • This is *NOT* about the -i option in grep. I guess everybody already knows that option. This is about the basic rule of life that the simplest things are sometimes the best. ;-) One day when I used "grep -i" for the umpteenth time, I decided to make this alias, and I've used it ever since, probably more often than plain grep. (In fact I also have aliases egrip and fgrip defined accordingly. I also have wrip="grep -wi" but I don't use this one that often.) If you vote this down because it's too trivial and simplistic, that's no problem. I understand that. But still this is really one of my most favourite aliases.


    -2
    alias grip="grep -i"
    inof · 2009-07-21 11:12:15 7
  • This alias finds identical lines in a file (or pipe) and prints a sorted count of them (the name "sucs" descends from the first letters of the commands). The first example shows the number of logins of users; the one who logged in most often comes last. The second example extracts web client IP addresses from a log file, then pipes the result through the "sucs" alias to find out which clients are performing the most accesses. Or pipe the first column of ps(1) output through "sucs" to see how many processes your users are running. Show Sample Output


    0
    alias sucs="sort | uniq -c | sort -n"
    inof · 2009-07-21 10:55:06 2
  • This shell snippet reads a single keypress from stdin and stores it in the $KEY variable. You do NOT have to press the enter key! The key is NOT echoed to stdout! This is useful for implementing simple text menus in scripts and similar things.


    5
    stty cbreak -echo; KEY=$(dd bs=1 count=1 2>/dev/null); stty -cbreak echo
    inof · 2009-06-09 13:15:49 6

  • 5
    awk '/match/{print NR}' file
    inof · 2009-06-03 17:34:13 5

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Generate Random Text based on Length
Random text of length "$1" without the useless cat command.

Parse a quoted .csv file
The $2, $3, $4 fields are arbitrary but note that the first field starts from $2 and the last field is $NF-1. This is due to the fact that the leading and trailing quotes are treated as field delimiters.

External IP (raw data)

Set laptop display brightness
Run as root. Path may vary depending on laptop model and video card (this was tested on an Acer laptop with ATI HD3200 video). $ cat /proc/acpi/video/VGA/LCD/brightness to discover the possible values for your display.

Get a list of all browsable Samba shares on the target server.

Mount a .iso file in UNIX/Linux
"-o loop" lets you use a file as a block device

Most used command

Buffer in order to avoir mistakes with redirections that empty your files
A common mistake in Bash is to write command-line where there's command a reading a file and whose result is redirected to that file. It can be easily avoided because of : 1) warnings "-bash: file.txt: cannot overwrite existing file" 2) options (often "-i") that let the command directly modify the file but I like to have that small function that does the trick by waiting for the first command to end before trying to write into the file. Lots of things could probably done in a better way, if you know one...

Text graphing ping output filter
Nasty perl one-liner that provides a sparkline of ping times. If you want a different history than the last 30, just put that value in. It (ab)uses unicode to draw the bars, inspired by https://github.com/joemiller/spark-ping . It's not the most bug-free piece of code, but what it lacks in robustness it makes up for in capability. :) If anyone has any ideas on how to make it more compact or better, I'd love to hear them. I included a ping to google in the command just as an example (and burned up 10 chars doing it!). You should use it with: $ ping example.com | $SPARKLINE_PING_COMMAND

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: