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commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

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May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 12,408 results
iptables -A INPUT -s -j DROP
ls -trF | grep -v \/ | tail -n 1
2011-09-14 20:05:37
User: mrpollo
Functions: grep ls tail
Tags: find stat mtime

Sort by time and Reverse to get Ascending order, then display a marker next to the a file, negate directory and select only 1 result

sudo systemctl enable lxdm
awk -F, '{gsub(/ /,"");for(f=1;f<=NF;f++) print f,$f;exit}' file.csv
2015-08-26 09:30:43
User: sesom42
Functions: awk


use , as field separator


deletes all spaces


loops over all input fields and print their index and value


exit after first line

curl ifconfig.me/all/xml
2010-04-21 20:45:17
User: truemilk

Request all information about my IP address in xml format

find . -type f -iname "*.mp3" -exec id3v2 --delete-all {} \;
LANG=fr_FR.iso8859-1 find . -name '*['$'\xe9'$'\xea'$'\xeb'$'\xc9'']*'|while read f; do a="$(echo $f|iconv -f iso8859-1 -t ascii//TRANSLIT)"; echo "move $f => $a"; done
2011-04-06 17:03:31
User: gibboris
Functions: echo find read

Warn: use convmv or detox if you can: they are the right tools.

But if you want to do it manually, you can use this command to find the problematic files and transliterate their accented characters to their ascii equivalent.

(Useful when doing cd backup: growisofs may fail on files which come from the old iso8859-* days.)

mojo get <URL> 'a[href]' attr href
sed -i 's/$/\r/' file
2012-02-23 08:34:30
User: evolix
Functions: sed

This permit to convert an UNIX file to DOS file.

You can use it in a loop to convert multiple files, like :

for i in *.bat; do sed -i 's/$/\r/' $i; done

ir() { perl -pne 's/(.)(.*)/\[\1]\2/' <<< "$@" ;}
2015-07-25 14:13:33
User: bartonski
Functions: perl
Tags: ps

Note that `grep "$(ir foo)"` really doesn't save any typing, but wrapping this inside a second shell function will:

psg() { grep "$(ir \"$@\")" ;}
find . -name "*.jpg" | perl -ne'chomp; $name = $_; $quote = chr(39); s/[$quote\\!]/_/ ; print "mv \"$name\" \"$_\"\n"'
sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'|xargs -r tail -f
2010-07-30 18:20:00
User: vutcovici
Functions: echo eval grep ls sed sudo tail xargs

Tail all logs that are opened by all java processes. This is helpful when you are on a new environment and you do not know where the logs are located. Instead of java you can put any process name. This command does work only for Linux.

The list of all log files opened by java process:

sudo ls -l $(eval echo "/proc/{$(echo $(pgrep java)|sed 's/ /,/')}/fd/")|grep log|sed 's/[^/]* //g'
mencoder FILENAME.3gp -ovc lavc -lavcopts vcodec=msmpeg4v2 -oac mp3lame -lameopts vbr=3 -o FILENAME.avi
p=~/.config/chromium/zed; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p;
2010-11-08 02:45:29
User: zed
Functions: cp echo

Change the value of p to match the path where you wish to create the profile.

To run it again in the future, use the parameter --user-data-dir (which gets echoed to you when run):

chromium-browser --user-data-dir=/path/to/your/

Quick Functions:

# create a new chromium profile

new-chromium-profile() { p=~/.config/chromium/$1; cp -r ~/.config/chromium/Default $p && echo "chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p" && chromium-browser --user-data-dir=$p; }

# runs a chromium profile

run-chromium-profile() { chromium-browser --user-data-dir=~/.config/chromium/$1; }

now=`date +"%Y/%m/%d" -d "04/02/2005"` ; end=`date +"%Y/%m/%d" -d "07/31/2005"`; while [ "$now" != "$end" ] ; do now=`date +"%Y/%m/%d" -d "$now + 1 day"`; echo "$now"; done
sed -i 's/`head -n 500 foo.log`//' foo.log
2011-05-23 09:41:35
User: kevinquinnyo
Functions: sed

This is good for cleaning up log files without having to erase the entire contents of the file, and allows you to keep the most recent entries to the log only

wget ifconfig.me/ip -q -O -
msgfilter --keep-header -i input.po -o empty.po awk -e '{}'
2012-01-14 13:29:26
User: unhammer
Functions: awk

basically create a .pot file from a po-file, ready for translating

FLOOR=0; RANGE=10; number=0; while [ "$number" -le $FLOOR ]; do number=$RANDOM; let "number %= $RANGE"; done; echo $number
2009-02-20 09:33:56
User: raphink
Functions: echo
Tags: bash

This one-liner outputs a random number between the values given for FLOOR and RANGE.

getdji (){local url sedcmd;url='http://finance.yahoo.com/q?d=t&s=^DJI';sedcmd='/(DJI:.*)/,/Day.*/!d;s/^ *//g;';sedcmd="$sedcmd/Change:/s/Down / -/;/Change:/s/Up / +/;";sedcmd="$sedcmd/Open:/s//& /";lynx -dump "$url" | sed "$sedcmd"; }
find . -iname '*TODO*'
find ./ $1 -name "* *" | while read a ; do mv "${a}" "${a//\ /_}" ; done
for vm in `/usr/bin/vmware-cmd -l`; do /usr/bin/vmware-cmd "${vm}" stop trysoft; done
2011-09-15 06:56:49
User: maxheadroom

This command will shutdown all VMs on an VMWare ESX host. First it tries to gracefully shutdown the VM. If that fails it will hard shutdown and the power off.

su <username>
which somecommand
2009-02-05 10:29:04
User: chrisdrew
Functions: which

Returns the pathnames of the files which would be executed in the current environment had its arguments been given as a command.