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Simply sourcing .bashrc does not function correctly when you edit it and change an alias for a function or the other way round with the *same name*.
I therefor use this function. Prior to re-sourcing .bashrc it unsets all aliases and functions.
You may want to just use the shortcut "." instead of "source"
Any changes to BASH shell made in .bashrc will be active in the current terminal window from the moment you execute this command, ie. aliases, prompt settings etc. No need to restart terminal.
(In BASH 'source' simile to 'eval' lets you generally execute any bunch of commands stacked in a text file).
When setting up a new aliases file, or having creating a new file.. About every time after editing an aliases file, I source it. This alias makes editing alias a bit easier and they are useful right away. Note if the source failed, it will not echo "aliases sourced".
Sub in vi for your favorite editor, or alter for ksh, sh, etc.
In Bash, when defining an alias, one usually loses the completion related to the function used in that alias (that completion is usually defined in /etc/bash_completion using the complete builtin).
It's easy to reuse the work done for that completion in order to have smart completion for our alias.
That's what is done by this command line (that's only an example but it may be very easy to reuse).
Note 1 : You can use given command line in a loop "for old in apt-get apt-cache" if you want to define aliases like that for many commands.
Note 2 : You can put the output of the command directly in your .bashrc file (after the ". /etc/bash_completion") to always have the alias and its completion
The example command deletes all aliases for network interface 'em0' assuming that the aliases have netmask of 255.255.255.255 and the master IP has some other netmask (such as 255.255.255.0). See here -> http://my.galagzee.com/2009/07/22/deleting-all-network-interface-aliases/ for more on the rationale of this command.