commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
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Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
A quick way to list services running
Python comments begin with a #. Modify to suit other languages.
Other uses: Instead of m0 use m$ for end of file or d for deleting all comments.
This command will replace all instances of 'foo' with 'bar' in all files in the current working directory and any sub-directories.
This command will replace all instances of 'foo' with 'bar' in all files in the current working directory.
This turns your iptables packet filter to a "Allow any from any to any" filter, so you can rule out any filtering issues when you have a problem to enable a connection from or to your host.
To re-enable it, run /etc/init.d/iptables restart
You can watch channels of your freebox, everywhere. With " vlc http://your-ip:12345 " on the client and ncurses vlc interface on the host. et voila
Change files case, without modify directories, recursively.
... fucking vfat
Extensible to other ugly extensions like *.JPG, *.Jpg etc..
Leave out the last pipe to sh to perform a dry run.
To resize photos without changing exif datas, pretty cool for gps tagging.
This is useful for sending data between 2 computers that you have shell access to. Uses tar compression during transfer. Files are compressed & uncompressed automatically. Note the trailing dash on the listening side that makes netcat listen to stdin for data.
on the listening side:
sudo nc -lp 2022 | sudo tar -xvf -
explanation: open netcat to -l listen on -p port 2022, take the data stream and pipe to tar -x extract, -v verbose, -f using file filename - means "stdin"
on the sending side:
tar -cvzf - ./*| nc -w 3 name_of_listening_host 2022
explanation: compress all files in current dir using tar -c create, -v verbose, -f using file, - filename - here means "stdout" because we're tar -c instead of tar -x, -w3 wait 3 seconds on stream termination and then end the connection to the listening host name_of_listening_host, on port 2022
Allows you to save progress without committing.
To revert to an undo point, svn revert then apply the undo point with patch.
svn revert -R . && patch -p0 < .undo/2009-03-27_08:08:11rev57
The above was done using the i386 flashplayer plugin, and was installed on a AMD64 machine running an AMD64 kernel and AMD64 programs. the resulting plugin install ultimately didn't work for swiftfox (but worked for iceweasel) without also covering it with a nspluginwrapper which took a bit of fenangaling to get to work (lots of apt-getting) but it is a nice feature to be able to trick installers that think you need i386 into running on a amd64, or at least attempting to run on amd64. Enjoy
If you put this in your .bashrc, you might also want to add this to make it use the colors by default:
alias ls="ls --color=auto"
This is useful for piping to other commands, as well:
svn status | egrep '^(M|A)' | egrep -o '[^MA\ ].*$' | xargs $EDITOR
I got really tired of having tree always show me tons of .svn and .git stuff that I don't care about. With this alias, "tree" uses pretty colors, snazzy line graphics, and ignores any source control and package mumbojumbo. (Customize the *.*.package glob, of course.)
Good old cat & output redirection. Using this method you can combine all kinds of things - even mpeg files. My video camera makes a series of .mpeg files that are broken into 4gb chunks. Using this command I can easily join them together. Even better, combined with the cp command the files can be copied and joined in one step.
I wrote a script called bootstrap.py to delete the database, then load a new database with initial values. With this single-line shell loop, when I need to make a schema change (which happens often in the early stages of some projects), I hit ctrl-C to stop the running Django server, then watch bootstrap.py do its thing, then watch the server restart.
This is useful if you have a collection of files in folders (for example, a bunch of .zip files that are contained in folders) and you want to move them all to a common folder.
Assuming you are working within a git repository, you can run the above command & see what has changed in reverse chronological order, with one commit per line. Other formatting variations to 'oneline' include 'short', 'medium', 'full', 'fuller', 'email' or 'raw'.