Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands by thebillywayne from sorted by
Terminal - Commands by thebillywayne - 9 results
cp foo{,bak}
2014-01-22 14:09:42
Functions: cp
Tags: cp
11

Utilizes shell expansion of {} to give the original filename and a new filename as arguments to `cp`. Can easily be extended to make multiple copies.

rename(){ txtToReplace=${1} ; replacementTxt=${2} ; shift 2 ; files=${@} ; for file in $files ; do mv ${file} ${file/${txtToReplace}/${replacementTxt}} ; done ; }
2012-10-03 17:03:29
Functions: file mv rename shift
2

Implementation of `rename` for systems on which I don't have access to it.

trash <file>
2009-11-25 16:45:15
Tags: trash
14

Every rm'ed a file you needed? Of course you haven't. But I have. I got sick of it so I created a bash function. Here it is. It'll put trashed files into a $HOME/.Trash/"date" folder according to the date. I have rm aliased to it as well in my bashrc so that I still use the rm command. It'll choke if you attempt to trash a directory if that directory name is already in the Trash. This rarely happens in my case but it's easy enough to add another test and to mv the old dir if necessary.

function trash(){

if [ -z "$*" ] ; then

echo "Usage: trash filename"

else

DATE=$( date +%F )

[ -d "${HOME}/.Trash/${DATE}" ] || mkdir -p ${HOME}/.Trash/${DATE}

for FILE in $@ ; do

mv "${FILE}" "${HOME}/.Trash/${DATE}"

echo "${FILE} trashed!"

done

fi

}

sed "s:/old/direcory/:/new/directory/:" <file>
2009-08-06 00:37:45
Functions: sed
Tags: sed
8

Having to escape forwardslashes when using sed can be a pain. However, it's possible to instead of using / as the separator to use : .

I found this by trying to substitute $PWD into my pattern, like so

sed "s/~.*/$PWD/" file.txt

Of course, $PWD will expand to a character string that begins with a / , which will make sed spit out an error such as "sed: -e expression #1, char 8: unknown option to `s'".

So simply changing it to

sed "s:~.*:$PWD:" file.txt

did the trick.

echo "Hello World." | tee -a hello.txt
2009-06-26 00:55:59
Functions: echo tee
Tags: tee
1

When plumbers use pipes, they sometimes need a T-joint. The Unix equivalent to this is 'tee'. The -a flag tells 'tee' to append to the file, rather than clobbering it.

Tested on bash and tcsh.

ditto --arch i386 doubleTwist.app doubleTwist_i386.app
2009-06-22 23:59:14
0

ditto can be used to "thinnify" Mach-O Universal binaries to separate unncessary code from your machine. For example, doubleTwist.app shaved off around 10 MB while Google Earth went from 112 MB to 62 MB after extracting only the i386 code from them.

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 1
2009-06-20 22:52:10
Functions: sudo
-1

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 1 sets hiberate on.

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0 sets hibernate off.

from the pmset man page:

0001 (bit 0) enables hibernation; causes OS X to write memory state to

hibernation image at sleep time. On wake (without bit 1 set) OS X will

resume from the hibernation image. Bit 0 set (without bit 1 set) causes

OS X to write memory state and immediately hibernate at sleep time.

I often change my MacBook's sleep state. So I created a function for bash to make it a little easier.

Usage:

hibernate (on | off)

"hibernate on" will set your laptop to hibernate if the lid is closed.

"hibernate off" will set your laptop to sleep if the lid is closed.

### note : "proper" indentation isn't preserved on the website

function hibernate()

{

case "${1}" in

on)

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 1

echo Hibernate mode on.

;;

off)

sudo pmset -a hibernatemode 0

echo Hiberate mode off.

;;

*)

echo "I'm sorry Dave, but I can't do that."

;;

esac

}

To make things easier, add the proper line in your /etc/sudoers file so that your user may invoke pmset without a password. Here's how mine looks:

bwayne luna = NOPASSWD: /usr/bin/pmset

Don't forget that you must edit sudoers with `sudo visudo` from Terminal.app, and not by another text editor.

Sorry this is so Mac OS specific.

rsync -e 'ssh -p PORT' user@host:SRC DEST
2009-06-05 16:52:43
Functions: rsync
3

tested on cygwin and Fedora 9 .

good to remember for those jobs where you cannot set a site-specific connect option in your ~/.ssh/config file.

function mcd() { [ -n "$1" ] && mkdir -p "$@" && cd "$1"; }
2009-05-20 16:41:48
Functions: cd mkdir
4

I find that I create a directory and then cd into that directory quite often. I found this little function on the internets somewhere and thought I'd share it. Just copy-paste it into you ~/.bash_profile and then `source ~/.bash_profile`.