commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.
Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.
If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/
You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.
First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.
Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.
Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):
Subscribe to the feed for:
You need to be root to do this. So check the command before running it.
You enter the same password for
Enter LUKS passphrase:
Enter passphrase for /dev/loopn:
You can then copy the .img file to somewhere else.
Loop it it with losetup -f IMAGENAME.img and then mount it with a file manager (eg nemo) or run mount /dev/loopn /media/mountfolder
Acts similar to a mounted flash drive
adjusts the 'Master' channel's volume up by 1dB.
Can use command 'amixer' to see other channels :
Simple mixer control 'Master',0
Simple mixer control 'Capture',0
This command sets the volume for the main PulseAudio "sink" (usually the ALSA output interface) to the maximum, 100% (the 0x10000 in the command). To set it to an arbitrary volume, replace 10000 with the volume you want times 100 (so 75% becomes 7500).
Works really well for playing DVDs, which have the volume turned way down for some reason. The `2' method is better IMHO because it will adjust to changing loud/soft parts.
If you want to add it to your ~/.mplayer/config:
# format: volnorm[=method:target]
# 1: use single sample (default)
# 2: multiple samples
# default is 0.25
This is an easy way to quickly get a status for a device in multipath on SLES systems, as long as the server is configured based on Novell's standards, where multipathed disks are referred to by /dev/disk/by-... tree. Make sure to replace name_of_vg with your Volume Group name.
This normalizes volume in your mp3 library, but uses mp3gain's "album" mode. This applies a gain change to all files from each directory (which are presumed to be from the same album) - so their volume relative to one another is changed, while the average album volume is normalized. This is done because if one track from an album is quieter or louder than the others, it was probably meant to be that way.
Execute this in the root of your music library and this recurses through the directories and normalizes each folder containing mp3s as a batch. This assumes those folders hold an album each. The command "normalize-audio" may go by "normalize" on some systems.
Volume up und unmute (ignored if Master is not muted).
Replace "+" by "-" for volume down and unmute if necessary.