Commands by sysadmn (3)

  • Show only the subdirectories in the current directory. In the example above, /lib has 135 files and directories. With this command, the 9 dirs jump out. Show Sample Output


    1
    ls -l | grep ^d
    sysadmn · 2009-02-26 20:28:10 3
  • Sort a list of IPV4 addresses in numerical order. Great as a filter, or within vim using !} Show Sample Output


    14
    sort -nt . -k 1,1 -k 2,2 -k 3,3 -k 4,4
    sysadmn · 2009-02-26 20:22:57 0
  • Often, when sorting you want the sort to ignore extraneous characters. The b, d, and f tell sort to ignore leading blanks, use 'dictionary order' (ignore punctuation), and ignore (fold) case. Add a "u" if you only want one copy of duplicate lines. This is a great command to use within vim to sort lines of text, using !}sort -bdf Show Sample Output


    2
    sort -bdf
    sysadmn · 2009-02-26 19:55:41 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

get the full description of a randomly selected package from the list of installed packages on a debian system
I put this command on my ~/.bashrc in order to learn something new about installed packages on my Debian/Ubuntu system each time I open a new terminal

Watch active calls on an Asterisk PBX
This handles when you have a single call or channel. Other commands will strip out the result if there is a single channel or call active because the output changes the noun to be singular instead of plural.

Append stdout and stderr to a file, and print stderr to the screen [bash]
Useful for cron jobs -- all output will be logged but only errors will cause email to be sent. NB the order of "2>&1" and ">> logfile" is important, it doesn't work if you reverse them (everything goes to the logfile, nothing left for tee).

Block all IP addresses and domains that have attempted brute force SSH login to computer
Searches all log files (including archived bzip2 files) for invalid user and PAM authentication errors, both of which are indicative of brute force attempts at logging into computer. A list of all unique IP addresses and domain names is appended to hosts.deny. The command (and grep error messages) will work on Mac OS X 10.6, small adjustments may be needed for other OSs.

TCPDUMP & Save Capture to Remote Server w/ GZIP
NOTE: When opening the files you might need to strip the very top line with notepad++ as its a mistake header This is useful when the local machine where you need to do the packet capture with tcpdump doesn?t have enough room to save the file, where as your remote host does tcpdump -i eth0 -w - | ssh forge.remotehost.com -c arcfour,blowfish-cbc -C -p 50005 "cat - | gzip > /tmp/eth0.pcap.gz" Your @ PC1 doing a tcpdump of PC1s eth0 interface and its going to save the output @ PC2 who is called save.location.com to a file /tmp/eth0-to-me.pcap.gz again on PC2 More info @: http://www.kossboss.com/linuxtcpdump1

Fast file backup
This is a BASH feature. The above command will create a backup of "filename" called "filename.DATE", where DATE is the actual day in %Y%m%d (year, month and day numbers together) format.

Convert CSV to JSON
Replace 'csv_file.csv' with your filename.

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

shutdown if wget exit

Clone all repos from a user with lynx
https://wuseman.github.io/wcloner/


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: