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echo defaults to include a newline character at the end of the string, which messes with the hash. If you suppress it with -n then it has the same effect as PHP's ?echo md5("string"), "\t-";? Even more, by using cut you get the exact same output, so it works as a drop-in replacement for the original command for this thread.
Replace "user/sbin/sshd" with the file you would like to check. If you are doing this due to intrusion, you obviously would want to check size, last modification date and md5 of the md5sum application itself. Also, note that "/var/lib/dpkg/info/*.md5sums" files might have been tampered with themselves. Neither to say, this is a useful command.
Why remember? Generate!
Up to 48 chars, works on any unix-like system (NB: BSD use md5 instead of md5sum)
ZenCart uses a MD5 with a salt to secure its passwords. If you need to forcibly change someone's password to a known value within the database, this one-liner can generate the password. Change the value of 'p' to the password you want.
Command makes use of the Malware Hash Registry (http://www.team-cymru.org/Services/MHR/).
It parses the current directory and subdirectories and calculates the md5 hash of the files, then prints the name and sends the hash to the MHR for a lookup in their database.
The 3rd value in the result is the detection percentage across a mix of AV packages.
Decrypt MD5 , replace 1cb251ec0d568de6a929b520c4aed8d1 with the MD5 string you want to decrypt
Encrypt any text to MD5 , replace text with the string you want to convert to MD5
Nothing special about hashing here, only the use of cut, I think, could result at fewer keystrokes.