What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Universal configuration monitoring and system of record for IT.

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:



May 19, 2015 - A Look At The New Commandlinefu
I've put together a short writeup on what kind of newness you can expect from the next iteration of clfu. Check it out here.
March 2, 2015 - New Management
I'm Jon, I'll be maintaining and improving clfu. Thanks to David for building such a great resource!

Top Tags



Psst. Open beta.

Wow, didn't really expect you to read this far down. The latest iteration of the site is in open beta. It's a gentle open beta-- not in prime-time just yet. It's being hosted over at UpGuard (link) and you are more than welcome to give it a shot. Couple things:

  • » The open beta is running a copy of the database that will not carry over to the final version. Don't post anything you don't mind losing.
  • » If you wish to use your user account, you will probably need to reset your password.
Your feedback is appreciated via the form on the beta page. Thanks! -Jon & CLFU Team

Commands using seq from sorted by
Terminal - Commands using seq - 89 results
printf "%x\n" $(seq 0 255) | xargs -n1 -IH echo -ne \\xH > test.dat
while kill -0 0; do timeout 5 bash -c 'spinner=( Ooooo oOooo ooOoo oooOo ooooO oooOo ooOoo oOooo); while true; do for i in ${spinner[@]}; do for _ in seq 0 ${#i}; do echo -en "\b\b"; done; echo -ne "${i}"; sleep 0.2; done; done'; done
2015-05-07 19:13:08
User: anapsix
Functions: bash echo kill seq sleep

alternatively, run the spinner for 5 seconds:

timeout 5 bash -c 'spinner=( Ooooo oOooo ooOoo oooOo ooooO oooOo ooOoo oOooo); while true; do for i in ${spinner[@]}; do for j in seq 0 ${#i}; do echo -en "\b\b"; done; echo -ne "${i}"; sleep 0.2; done; done'

a=$(b=$(($LINES/2));f() { for c in $(seq $b); do for i in $(seq $c);do echo x;done|xargs echo;done };paste <(f) <(f|tac|tr 'x' '-') <(f|tac|tr 'x' '-') <(f)|tr '\t' ' ');(cat <<<"$a"|tac;cat <<<"$a")|tr '-' ' '
for a in $(seq 15); do (xset led 3);(xset -led 3);sleep .9;done
F=136; [[ $(($F % 4)) == 0 ]] && for i in $(seq 1 $(($F/4))); do echo -n $(($F-2*($i-1))),$((2*$i-1)),$((2*$i)),$(($F-2*$i+1)),; done | sed 's/,$/\n/' || echo "Make F a multiple of 4."
2014-06-11 01:21:08
User: Kayvlim
Functions: echo sed seq

Useful if you don't have at hand the ability to automatically create a booklet, but still want to.

F is the number of pages to print. It *must* be a multiple of 4; append extra blank pages if needed.

In evince, these are the steps to print it, adapted from https://help.gnome.org/users/evince/stable/duplex-npage.html.en :

1) Click File ▸ Print.

2) Choose the General tab.

Under Range, choose Pages.

Type the numbers of the pages in this order (this is what this one-liner does for you):

n, 1, 2, n-1, n-2, 3, 4, n-3, n-4, 5, 6, n-5, n-6, 7, 8, n-7, n-8, 9, 10, n-9, n-10, 11, 12, n-11...

...until you have typed n-number of pages.

3) Choose the Page Setup tab.

- Assuming a duplex printer:

Under Layout, in the Two-side menu, select Short Edge (Flip).

- If you can only print on one side, you have to print twice, one for the odd pages and one for the even pages.

In the Pages per side option, select 2.

In the Page ordering menu, select Left to right.

4) Click Print.

clear; tput cup 8 8; for i in $(seq 1 10); do echo -n "$((11-$i)) ";sleep 1; done; tput cup 10 8; echo -e "DONE\n\n"
for times in $(seq 10) ; do puppet agent -t && break ; done
2013-04-03 14:24:36
User: funollet
Functions: break seq times

The example runs 'puppet' in a loop for 10 times, but exits the loop before if it returns 0 (that means "no changes on last run" for puppet).

for a in $(seq 5 8); do cat twit.txt | cut -d " " -f$a | grep "^@" | sort -u; done > followlst.txt
2013-03-29 21:07:09
User: xmuda
Functions: cat cut grep seq sort

Go to "https://twitter.com/search/realtime?q=%23TeamFollowBack&src=hash" and then copy al the text on the page. If you scroll down the page will be bigger. Then put al the text in a text file called twit.txt

If you follow the user there is a high probability the users give you follow back.

To follow all the users you can use an iMacros script.

for i in $(seq -w 0 100) ; do mv prefix$(( 10#$i )).jpg prefix${i}.jpg ; done
for count in $(seq 2 1001); do say "$count sheeps";sleep 2;done
for count in $(seq 2 1001); do espeak "$count sheeps";sleep 2;done
for code in $(seq -w 0 255); do for attr in 0 1; do printf "%s-%03s %bTest%b\n" "${attr}" "${code}" "\e[${attr};38;05;${code}m" "\e[m"; done; done | column -c $((COLUMNS*2))
2013-01-13 18:23:44
User: claudius
Functions: column printf seq
Tags: bash color colors

Shows the ?rendering? for each of the 256 colours in both the bold and normal variant. Using seq is helpful to get even lines, passing $((COLUMNS*2)) to column sort-of-handles the nonprintable characters.

seq 10| shuf | head -1
2012-11-21 03:57:02
Functions: head seq

Above command will generate a random number between 1 to 10.

seq 2 100 | factor | sed '/ .* / d ; s/:.*//'
for i in $(seq 1 100 | sort -R); do echo $i; sleep 5; done
2012-09-25 17:47:32
Functions: echo seq sleep sort

Random choose numbers from 1 to 100 with 5 seconds interval without duplicates.

SUBNET="192.168.41" ; diff -y <(nmap -sP -n ${SUBNET}.0/24 | grep ${SUBNET}. | awk '{print $5}' | sort -t"." -k4 -n) <(for i in $(seq 1 254); do echo ${SUBNET}.$i; done)
2012-08-28 09:11:18
User: michel_p
Functions: awk diff echo grep seq sort

The command will make it easy to determine free IP ranges in a crowded sub-net.

case `uname` in FreeBSD)a=$#; case $a in 2) case $1 in 0) jot $(($2+1)) 0 $2 ;; *) jot $2 $1 $2 ;;esac;esac;esac; # usage: seq 1 4; seq 0 4
seq 1 5 | xargs -I"#" date --date="today -# days" +'%Y-%m-%d'
zeros=3; from=1; to=15; for foo in $(seq $from $to); do echo mv "front${foo}back" "front$(printf "%0${zeros}d\n" $foo)back"; done
2012-05-17 10:54:45
Functions: echo mv seq

This command takes a few changes to get to the file format, but once you have that, you're good to go. Set your environment variables and then change the text "front" and "back" to whatever you're files start and end with. You'll end up with some easily sort-able files.

up() { local x='';for i in $(seq ${1:-1});do x="$x../"; done;cd $x; }
2012-05-16 04:21:41
User: evil
Functions: cd seq
Tags: cd

I wrote this a long time ago, wondering why this wasn't floating around somewhere out there (at least not where I could find).. this seems much more simple than multiple aliases and can cd out of directories easier.

up () { if [ "${1/[^0-9]/}" == "$1" ]; then p=./; for i in $(seq 1 $1); do p=${p}../; done; cd $p; else echo 'usage: up N'; fi }
2012-04-19 08:16:34
Functions: cd echo seq
Tags: alias cd

Change n directories up, without parameters change one up

paste <(seq 7 | shuf | tr 1-7 A-G) <(seq 7 | shuf) | while read i j; do play -qn synth 1 pluck $i synth 1 pluck mix $2; done
seq -f 'echo %g' $NUM | sh
2012-04-03 19:02:08
User: nati
Functions: seq

shorter loop than for loop

seq -f 'echo %g' $NUM | sh

for i in {0..$NUM}; do echo $i done

seq 1 1000000 | while read i; do echo -en "\r$i"; done
for i in $(seq 1 20); do while read line; do echo "$i: $line"; done<$i.py; done