Commands by tiagofischer (7)

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Suspend, background, and foreground a process
1. Start a process, such as 'top' command 2. # suspend process {ctrl-Z} 3. # background process bg 4. # list all backgrounded jobs jobs 5. # bring it back to foreground fg

List total available upgrades from apt without upgrading the system
This let's you find out the total packages that have available upgrades. Usefull if you want to check or show the total available upgrades on your system.

Selecting a random file/folder of a folder
I used only shuf command.

Outputs files with ascii art in the intended form.
Files containing ascii art (e.g. with .nfo extension) are typically not correctly reproduced at the command line when using cat. With iconv one can easily write a wrapper to solve this: $ #!/bin/bash $ if [ -z "$@" ]; then echo "Usage: $(basename $0) file [file] ..." $ else iconv -f437 -tutf8 "$@"; fi $ exit 0

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

Poke a Webserver to see what it's powered by.
the good: Server: Apache/2.2.8 (Ubuntu) PHP/5.2.4-2ubuntu5.4 with Suhosin-Patch the bad: Server: Microsoft-IIS/6.0 and the ugly: Server: Apache/2.2.10 (Win32) mod_ssl/2.2.10 OpenSSL/0.9.8i PHP/5.2.6

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"

which process is accessing the CDROM

from within vi, pipe a chunk of lines to a command line and replace the chunk with the result
The vi key sequence !}command will send the file contents from the cursor to the next blank line as STDOUT to the command specified and replace that sequence of file lines with the output of the command. For example: sorting a block of data - !}sort The sequence !{command will do the same but "upwards" (from the current position towards the start of the file.

vi a new file with execution mode
$ vix /tmp/script.sh Open a file directly with execution permission. Put the function in your .bashrc You can also put this in your vimrc: $ command XX w | set ar | silent exe "!chmod +x %" | redraw! and open a new file like this: $ vi +XX /tmp/script.sh


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