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Bash's history expansion character, "!", has many features, including "!:" for choosing a specific argument (or range of arguments) from the history. The gist is any number after !: is the number of the argument you want, with !:1 being the first argument and !:0 being the command. See the sample output for a few examples. For full details search for "^HISTORY EXPANSION" in the bash(1) man page.
Note that this version improves on the previous function in that it handles arguments that include whitespace correctly.
This gets the Nth argument in the last line of your history file. This is useful where history is being written after each command, and you want to use arguments from the previous command in the current command, such as when doing copies/moving directories etc.
I wrote this after getting irritated with having to continually type in long paths/arguments.
You could also use $_ if all you want is the last argument.
If Argument $1 is supplied, assign it to variable. Otherwise continue on.
After executing a command with multiple arguments like
cp ./temp/test.sh ~/prog/ifdown.sh
you can paste any argument of the previous command to the console, like
ls -l ALT+1+.
is equivalent to
ls -l ./temp/test.sh
ALT+0+. stands for command itself ('ls' in this case)
Simple ALT+. cycles through last arguments of previous commands.
A really fun vim oneliner for auto documenting your option's parsing in your script.
# print the text embeded in the case that parse options from command line.
# the block is matched with the marker 'CommandParse' in comment, until 'esac'
# use vim for parsing:
# 1st grep the case block and copy in register @p + unindent in the buffer of the file itself
# 2nd filter lines which start with --opt or +opt and keep comment on hte following lines until an empty line
# 3rd discard changes in the buffer and quit
vim -n -es -c 'g/# CommandParse/+2,/^\s\+esac/-1 d p | % d | put p | %
-c 'g/^\([-+]\+[^)]\+\))/,/^\(\s\+[^- \t#]\|^$\)/-1 p' \
-c 'q!' $0