Commands by tobi (3)

  • I wanted to count and display the top directories containing JavaScript files in some of my project. Here it is. Maybe it can be written to more simply syntax by using find -exec...

    for f in `find . -type d`; do pushd . > /dev/null ; echo -e `cd $f ; find . -name \*\.js | wc -l` "\t" $f | grep -v ^0 ; popd >/dev/null; done | sort -n -k 1 -r | less
    tobi · 2017-12-19 09:08:04 0
  • Generates labyrinth-like pattern on UTF-8 terminal in bash. For fun ;) Show Sample Output

    while ( true ) ; do if [ $(expr $RANDOM % 2 ) -eq 0 ] ; then echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB1" ; else echo -ne "\xE2\x95\xB2" ; fi ; done
    tobi · 2015-01-17 12:46:37 3
  • Opens a window with $1 attached and ready to send.

    thunderbird -compose "attachment='file://`pwd`/$*'"
    tobi · 2014-01-08 12:22:50 0

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Display total Kb/Mb/Gb of a folder and each file

Insert a line at the top of a text file without sed or awk or bash loops
Yet another way to add a line at the top a of text file with the help of the tac command (reverse cat).

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

watch process stack, sampled at 1s intervals
This command repeatedly gets the specified process' stack using pstack (which is an insanely clever and tiny wrapper for gdb) and displays it fullscreen. Since it updates every second, you rapidly get an idea of where your program is stuck or spending time. The 'tac' is used to make the output grow down, which makes it less jumpy. If the output is too big for your screen, you can always leave the 'tac' off to see the inner calls. (Or, better yet--get a bigger screen.) Caveats: Won't work with stripped binaries and probably not well with threads, but you don't want to strip your binaries or use threads anyway.

generate random password
-B flag = don't include characters that can be confused for other characters (this helps when you give someone their password for the first time so they don't cause a lockout with, for example, denyhosts or fail2ban) -s flag = make a "secure", or hard-to-crack password -y flag = include special characters (not used in the example because so many people hate it -- however I recommend it) "1 10" = output 1 password, make it 10 characters in length For even more secure passwords please use the -y flag to include special characters like so: $ pwgen -Bsy 10 1 output>> }&^Y?.>7Wu

Monitor a file's size

Random IPv4 address

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

Create a mirror of a local folder, on a remote server
Create a exact mirror of the local folder "/root/files", on remote server 'remote_server' using SSH command (listening on port 22) (all files & folders on destination server/folder will be deleted)

Query an NFS host for its list of exports

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