Commands tagged virtualbox (21)

  • Converts a .vdi file to a .vmdk file for use in a vmware virtual machine. The benefit: using this method actually works. There are others out there that claim to give you a working .vmdk by simply using the qemu-img command alone. Doing that only results in pain for you because the .vmdk file will be created with no errors, but it won't boot either. Be advised that these conversions are very disk-intensive by nature; you are probably dealing with disk images several gigabytes in size. Once finished, the process of using the new .vmdk file is left as an exercise to the reader. Show Sample Output


    10
    VBoxManage internalcommands converttoraw winxp.vdi winxp.raw && qemu-img convert -O vmdk winxp.raw winxp.vmdk && rm winxp.raw
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-10-12 16:23:37 0
  • You can use this on your session login.


    6
    VBoxManage startvm "name"
    o6291408 · 2009-05-05 13:23:26 1
  • you can launch a VirtualBox VM from the command line using VBoxManage, but that invokes it in a gui environment. If you want to just fire off your VM in the background, use VBoxHeadless as shown. To get the names and UUIDs of your VirtualBox VMs, type: VBoxManage list


    5
    VBoxHeadless -s <name|uuid>
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-08-07 12:36:32 1
  • A similar command that lists only the currently running VMs is thus: VBoxManage list runningvms ...the above showing a list of VMs by name and UUID in the same format as the "$ VBoxManage list vms" command Show Sample Output


    3
    VBoxManage list vms
    linuxrawkstar · 2009-08-07 12:43:04 0

  • 2
    VBoxManage closemedium dvd "/sicuramente/mipaghi/tutto.iso
    0disse0 · 2012-01-31 14:44:47 0

  • 2
    sudo usermod -a -G vboxusers <username>
    limonte · 2012-04-09 22:04:34 1
  • where - memory 256 assign 256 Mb RAM - acpi on enable ACPI (mandatory if you use Winfog 2000 - ioapic off disable the IO APIC. Not useful if you use one CPU (on virtual machine or a 32 bit operative system). As ACPI, this switch is mandatory for Winbug 2000 - pae on enable the Phisical Address Extension how to use more than 4Gb of RAM on x86 CPU - hwvirtex on enables hardware virtualization extensions for microprocessors that have this feature (which should be also enabled in the BIOS of the motherboard) - nestedpaging on allows part of the processes of memory management hardware are made directly


    1
    VBoxManage modifyvm "vm-name" --memory 256 --acpi on --ioapic off --pae on --hwvirtex on --nestedpaging on
    0disse0 · 2011-06-16 18:14:47 0
  • Command used to know if we are working on a virtual or physical machine. This command will use the dmidecode utility to retrieve hardware information of your computer via the BIOS. Run this command as root or with sudo. Show Sample Output


    1
    sudo dmidecode | grep Product
    joaquindlz · 2012-12-18 12:31:39 0
  • That is, after running `vagrant ssh-config` to determine ports and ip's: vagrant ssh-config Host default HostName 127.0.0.1 User vagrant Port 2200 UserKnownHostsFile /dev/null StrictHostKeyChecking no PasswordAuthentication no IdentityFile /Users/romanvg/tmp/.vagrant/machines/default/virtualbox/private_key IdentitiesOnly yes LogLevel FATAL


    1
    rsync -a --progress -e 'ssh -p 2200 -i .vagrant/machines/default/virtualbox/private_key' vagrant@127.0.0.1:/vagrant/vm/old_timecapsule_backup /Volumes/2TB/
    brainstorm · 2015-12-17 15:28:12 0
  • No comment... it's easy! Using the VBoxManage list and the switch 'hdds' or 'dvds' you can show the list of hard disks and DVD registered on the system.


    0
    VBoxManage openmedium dvd "/path/name.iso"
    0disse0 · 2010-04-23 06:56:42 1
  • Usage: VBoxBlockBoot [Virtual_Machine] [Block_device] Eg: VBoxBlockBoot WinXP /dev/sdc In another words vm=usb; usb=sdc;sudo umount /dev/$usb* ; sudo chmod 777 /dev/$usb ; VBoxManage storageattach $vm --medium ~/raw-HD-4-VB/$usb.vmdk --type hdd --storagectl "IDE Controller" --device 0 --port 0 ; VBoxManage startvm $vm Where vm --> Name of the virtual machine to start usb --> Block device to use. (/dev/sdc) This can used after setup up a boot loader on to my USB pen drive or HDD (After creating Live USB). Here root privilege is needed but not granted to Virtual Box. Thus we can access all our VM.( If we run VBox as root we can't access our VMs). Root privilege is used to - Unmount the storage device - Chmod to full access (777) Requirements:- 1. Device information file (rawvmdk file) created by the following command. Need to run only once. Not bad to run many. VBoxCreateRawDisk() { VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename ~/.rawHD4VB_`basename "$1"`.vmdk -rawdisk "$1"; } 2. Root privilege to umount & chmod 3. Real storage medium (ie /dev/*) (Non-virtual such as USB HD, pen drive, a partition) 4. A virtual m/c already available (here "usb") vm=usb; usb=sdc;sudo umount /dev/$usb* ; sudo chmod 777 /dev/$usb ; VBoxManage storageattach $vm --medium ~/raw-HD-4-VB/$usb.vmdk --type hdd --storagectl "IDE Controller" --device 0 --port 0 ; VBoxManage startvm $vm VBoxBlockBoot() { sudo umount "$2"*; sudo chmod 777 "$2"; VBoxManage storageattach "$1" --medium ~/.rawHD4VB_`basename "$2"`.vmdk --type hdd --storagectl "IDE Controller" --device 0 --port 0 ; VBoxManage startvm "$1"; } Show Sample Output


    0
    VBoxBlockBoot() { sudo umount "$2"*; sudo chmod 777 "$2"; VBoxManage storageattach "$1" --medium ~/.rawHD4VB_`basename "$2"`.vmdk --type hdd --storagectl "IDE Controller" --device 0 --port 0 ; VBoxManage startvm "$1";}
    totti · 2011-07-29 13:04:19 0
  • eg: VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename ~/.VBox_sdc.vmdk -rawdisk /dev/sdc In order to start virtual box using block devices, ( Or to boot from it) run as ROOT sudo VirtualBox Then add & select the vmdk file as a device. At last Start the virtual box. - This cmd needs to run once for a device. - See command 8936 to run with out using ROOT power and easy handling of Virtual m/c


    0
    VBoxManage internalcommands createrawvmdk -filename [path/to/file/name.vmdk] -rawdisk /dev/[block_device]
    totti · 2011-08-19 14:26:22 5
  • How to show the system properties of a Sun VirtualBox server


    -1
    VBoxManage list systemproperties
    0disse0 · 2010-04-23 06:43:49 0
  • where "cicciobox" is the name of your virtual machine in a Sun VirtualBox server


    -1
    VBoxManage showvminfo "cicciobox" --details
    0disse0 · 2010-04-23 06:45:29 0
  • If you want to know what OS are supported on "guest" machines on the Sun VirtualBox server.


    -1
    VBoxManage list ostypes
    0disse0 · 2010-04-23 06:50:42 0
  • No comment: it's easy!


    -1
    VBoxManage createvm --name "vm-name" --ostype Ubuntu --register
    0disse0 · 2010-04-23 06:54:26 0
  • --vrdp on enables VirtualBox RDP server for the VM --vrdpport 3389 ndicates the TCP port that the server will accept RDP connections direct to the VM (for each VM is assigned a different port) --vrdpauthtype external RDP console gives access to the VM Host physical users via authentication In fact, in the 3.1.x version of VirtualBox, the external value for the parameter --vrdpauthtype allows access via RDP only to the user who started the VM. The workaround is to add the user that runs the VM to shadow group, using the command


    -1
    VBoxManage modifyvm "vm-name" --vrdp on --vrdpport 3389 --vrdpauthtype external
    0disse0 · 2012-02-03 18:36:04 0

  • -2
    VBoxManage controlvm ServidorProducao savestate
    rduarte · 2009-12-16 17:12:11 0
  • was inspired by http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/view/8936/boot-from-a-block-device-without-giving-root-privilege-to-virtual-box volpedimongibello= virtual machine name fighetto= controller name tutto.iso= DVD iso image How to remove the DVD: VBoxManage storageattach "volpedimongibello" --storagectl "fighetto" --port 1 --device 0 --type dvddrive --medium none


    -2
    VBoxManage storageattach "volpedimongibello" --storagectl "fighetto" --port 1 --device 0 --type dvddrive --medium "/tanto/mipaghi/tutto.iso
    0disse0 · 2012-01-31 14:42:54 0

  • -3
    nohup VBoxHeadless -p 3052 -startvm ServidorProducao &
    rduarte · 2009-12-16 17:10:30 0
  • This is based on the Windows Version of VirtualBox. From the /? ... VBoxManage clonehd | [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD|RAW|] [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX] [--type normal|writethrough|immutable|shareable] [--remember] [--existing] From the online help.. http://www.virtualbox.org/manual/ch08.html#id2676537 VBoxManage clonehd This command duplicates a registered virtual hard disk image to a new image file with a new unique identifier (UUID). The new image can be transferred to another host system or imported into VirtualBox again using the Virtual Media Manager; see the section called ?The Virtual Media Manager? and the section called ?Cloning disk images?. The syntax is as follows: VBoxManage clonehd | [--format VDI|VMDK|VHD|RAW|] [--variant Standard,Fixed,Split2G,Stream,ESX] [--type normal|writethrough|immutable] [--remember] where the parameters mean: format Allow to choose a file format for the output file different from the file format of the input file. variant Allow to choose a file format variant for the output file. It is a comma-separated list of variant flags. Not all combinations are supported, and specifying inconsistent flags will result in an error message. type Only honored if --remember is also specified. Defines what kind of hard disk type this image should be. remember Keep the destination image registered after it was successfully written. Show Sample Output


    -4
    vboxmanage clonehd --format VMDK <source image|uuid> <destination image>
    dreffed · 2010-10-04 16:42:12 0

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Get the serial numbers from HP RAID
This dumps serial numbers of all the drives but HP warranty check does not say they are valid ...

Create backup copy of file, adding suffix of the date of the file modification (NOT today's date)
If your `date` command has `-r` option, you don't need `stat`

Delete line number 10 from file
Very useful when the ssh key of a host has changed and ssh refuses to connect to the machine, while giving you the line number that has changed in ~/.ssh/known_hosts.

Stripping ^M at end of each line for files
just deletes to rogue CR from dos files, and tr is always available.

Another Curl your IP command
Just another curl command to get your public facing IP

geoip information
geoip from maxmind try to get the small utility via: apt-get install geoip

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

find out how much space are occuipied by files smaller than 1024K
The command gives size of all files smaller than 1024k, this information, together with disk usage, can help determin file system parameter (e.g. block size) or storage device (e.g. SSD v.s. HDD). Note if you use awk instead of "cut| dc", you easily breach maximum allowed number of records in awk.

resize all JPG images in folder and create new images (w/o overwriting)
Convert all jpegs in the current directory into ~1024*768 pixels and ~ 150 KBytes jpegs

backup and remove files with access time older than 5 days.
create an archive of files with access time older than 5 days, and remove original files.


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: