Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

All commands from sorted by
Terminal - All commands - 11,859 results
curl -s http://twitter.com/users/show.xml?screen_name=username | sed -n 's/\<followers_count\>//p' | sed 's/<[^>]*>//g;/</N;//b'
2010-10-17 16:08:46
User: chrismccoy
Functions: sed
Tags: twitter
-1

replace username with the username you wish to check.

tar cfJ tarfile.tar.xz pathnames
2010-11-18 05:34:17
User: jasonjgw
Functions: tar
-1

The J option is a recent addition to GNU tar. The xz compression utility is required as well.

url=`curl http://proxybay.info/ | awk -F'href="|" |">|</' '{for(i=2;i<=NF;i=i+4) print $i,$(i+2)}' | grep follow|sed 's/^.\{19\}//'|shuf -n 1` && firefox $url
2014-10-04 19:08:13
User: dunryc
Functions: awk grep sed
-1

polls the pirate bay mirrors list and chooses a random site and opens it for you in firefox

while killall -USR1 dd; do sleep 5; done
2009-11-09 00:27:33
User: Mikachu
Functions: killall sleep
-1

Stops when the (last) dd process exits.

grep -n . datafile ;
wget --load-cookies <cookie-file> -c -i <list-of-urls>
alias foo="!!"
2010-08-12 23:42:15
User: smop
Functions: alias
-1

!! will expand to your previous command, thus creating the alias "foo" (does not work consistently for commands with quotation marks)

pbpaste | coffee -bcsp | tail -n +2
2013-09-13 04:50:27
User: roryokane
Functions: tail
-1

This particular combination of flags mimics Try CoffeeScript (on http://coffeescript.org/#try:) as closely as possible. And the `tail` call removes the comment `// Generated by CoffeeScript 1.6.3`.

See `coffee -h` for explanation of `coffee`'s flags.

httpd2 -M
tar xfzO <backup_name>.tar.gz | mysql -u root <database_name>
2011-02-10 22:18:42
User: alecnmk
Functions: tar
-1

`tar xfzO` extracts to STDOUT which got redirected directly to mysql. Really helpful, when your hard drive can't fit two copies of non-compressed database :)

nmap -sP -PR -oG - `/sbin/ip -4 addr show | awk '/inet/ {print $2}' | sed 1d`
2011-07-21 11:50:26
User: l3k
Functions: awk sed
-1

Today many hosts are blocking traditional ICMP echo replay for an "security" reason, so nmap's fast ARP scan is more usable to view all live IPv4 devices around you. Must be root for ARP scanning.

ls -d1a /var/www/*/web | xargs du -hs
2010-10-18 17:16:23
User: DRoBeR
Functions: du ls xargs
-1

Calculate foldersize for each website on an ISPConfig environment. It doesn't add the jail size. Just the "public_html".

grep --color -R "text" directory/
rename *.JPG *.jpg
2014-03-05 14:54:33
User: gtoal
Functions: rename
Tags: batch rename
-1

# Limited and very hacky wildcard rename

# works for rename *.ext *.other

# and for rename file.* other.*

# but fails for rename file*ext other*other and many more

# Might be good to merge this technique with mmv command...

mv-helper() {

argv="`history 1 | perl -pe 's/^ *[0-9]+ +[^ ]+ //'`"

files="`echo \"$argv\"|sed -e \"s/ .*//\"`"

str="`history 1 | perl -pe 's/^ *[0-9]+ +[^ ]+ //' | tr -d \*`"

set -- $str

for file in $files

do

echo mv $file `echo $file|sed -e "s/$1/$2/"`

mv $file `echo $file|sed -e "s/$1/$2/"`

done

}

alias rename='mv-helper #'

httpd2 -V
tar jcpf /home/[usuario]/etc-$(hostname)-backup-$(date +%Y%m%d-%H%M%S).tar.bz2 /etc
2011-04-29 22:53:11
User: mack
Functions: date tar
-1

Simple Compressed Backup of the /etc

Linux compatible

cat /dev/zero > /dev/sda
2013-09-13 21:47:48
User: fhh
Functions: cat
-1

Exactly the same effect with 3 less characters ;-) (Removes all files/filesystems of a harddisk. It removes EVERYTHING of your hard disk. Be careful when to select a device.)

You can press Ctrl + C after few seconds

(No output)

folder=0;mkdir $folder; while find -maxdepth 1 -type f -exec mv "{}" $folder \; -quit ; do if [ $( ls $folder | wc -l ) -ge 100 ]; then folder=$(( $folder + 1 )); mkdir $folder; fi ; done
2011-02-11 21:28:01
User: Juluan
Functions: find ls mkdir mv wc
-1

If you have a folder with thousand of files and want to have many folder with only 100 file per folder, run this.

It will create 0/,1/ etc and put 100 file inside each one.

But find will return true even if it don't find anything ...

vim -p `ls *.java *.xml *.txt *.bnd 2>/dev/null`
lsof -i
2011-10-03 02:06:30
User: shsingh
-1

This option selects the listing of all Internet and x.25 (HP-UX) network files.

sshostnew () {sed -i "$1d" $HOME/.ssh/known_hosts ; }
2011-11-07 10:33:04
User: _john
Tags: ssh sed
-1

If you work in an environment, where some ssh hosts change regularly this might be handy...

sed -re '/^#/d ; s/#.*$//'
2012-02-01 20:39:23
User: Zulu
Functions: sed
Tags: sed
-1

Delete all comments (#) on text :

It deletes the entire comment line and remove comments form end of others.

echo "DISPLAY=$DISPLAY xmessage convert db to innodb" | at 00:00
cal | sed -E "2,8s/(^|[^0-9])($(date +%e))( |$)/\1$(echo "\033[0;36m\2\033[0m")\3/g"
2011-04-30 03:16:31
User: iridium172
Functions: cal sed
-1

Colors a the current date in cal output

gvim -u NONE -U NONE