Hide

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again.

Delete that bloated snippets file you've been using and share your personal repository with the world. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.


If you have a new feature suggestion or find a bug, please get in touch via http://commandlinefu.uservoice.com/

Get involved!

You can sign-in using OpenID credentials, or register a traditional username and password.

First-time OpenID users will be automatically assigned a username which can be changed after signing in.

Hide

Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for:

Hide

News

2011-03-12 - Confoo 2011 presentation
Slides are available from the commandlinefu presentation at Confoo 2011: http://presentations.codeinthehole.com/confoo2011/
2011-01-04 - Moderation now required for new commands
To try and put and end to the spamming, new commands require moderation before they will appear on the site.
2010-12-27 - Apologies for not banning the trolls sooner
Have been away from the interwebs over Christmas. Will be more vigilant henceforth.
2010-09-24 - OAuth and pagination problems fixed
Apologies for the delay in getting Twitter's OAuth supported. Annoying pagination gremlin also fixed.
Hide

Tags

Hide

Functions

Commands tagged uniq from sorted by
Terminal - Commands tagged uniq - 48 results
cat /proc/cpuinfo | grep BogoMIPS | uniq | sed 's/^.*://g' | awk '{print($1 / 4) }'
sort in-file.txt | uniq -u > out-file.txt
netstat -ntu | awk ' $5 ~ /^(::ffff:|[0-9|])/ { gsub("::ffff:","",$5); print $5}' | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -nr
2013-09-10 19:28:06
User: mrwulf
Functions: awk cut netstat sort uniq
1

Same as the rest, but handle IPv6 short IPs. Also, sort in the order that you're probably looking for.

awk '{print $1}' ~/.bash_history | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn | head -n 10
uniq -c | sed -r 's/([0-9]+)\s(.*)/"\2": \1,/;$s/,/\n}/;1i{'
find /some/path -type f -printf '%f\n' | grep -o '\..\+$' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
2013-03-18 14:42:29
User: skkzsh
Functions: find grep sort uniq
2

Get the longest match of file extension (Ex. For 'foo.tar.gz', you get '.tar.gz' instead of '.gz')

find /some/path -type f | gawk -F/ '{print $NF}' | gawk -F. '/\./{print $NF}' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
2013-03-18 14:40:26
User: skkzsh
Functions: find gawk sort uniq
0

If you have GNU findutils, you can get only the file name with

find /some/path -type f -printf '%f\n'

instead of

find /some/path -type f | gawk -F/ '{print $NF}'
find-duplicates () { find "$@" -not -empty -type f -printf "%s\0" | sort -rnz | uniq -dz | xargs -0 -I{} -n1 find "$@" -type f -size {}c -print0 | xargs -0 md5sum | sort | uniq -w32 --all-repeated=separate; }
2013-01-23 23:20:26
User: mpeschke
Functions: find md5sum sort uniq xargs
-1

This is a modified version of the OP, wrapped into a bash function.

This version handles newlines and other whitespace correctly, the original has problems with the thankfully rare case of newlines in the file names.

It also allows checking an arbitrary number of directories against each other, which is nice when the directories that you think might have duplicates don't have a convenient common ancestor directory.

netstat -an | grep 80 | wc -l
tcpdump -ntr NAME_OF_CAPTURED_FILE.pcap 'tcp[13] = 0x02 and dst port 80' | awk '{print $4}' | tr . ' ' | awk '{print $1"."$2"."$3"."$4}' | sort | uniq -c | awk ' {print $2 "\t" $1 }'
sort namesd.txt | uniq
2012-06-26 19:22:34
User: ankush108
Functions: sort
Tags: sort uniq unique
0

Uniq command is mostly used in combination with sort command, as

uniq removes duplicates only from a sorted file. i.e In order for uniq to

work, all the duplicate entries should be in the adjacent lines.

mysqlbinlog <logfiles> | grep exec | grep end_log_pos | cut -d' ' -f2- | cut -d: -f-2 | uniq -c
2012-05-30 09:42:21
User: theist
Functions: cut exec grep uniq
1

shows number of mysql bin log events (which are mysql server events) per minute, useful to check stress times postmortem

cat /var/log/nginx/access.log | grep -oe '^[0-9.]\+' | perl -ne 'system("geoiplookup $_")' | grep -v found | grep -oe ', [A-Za-z ]\+$' | sort | uniq -c | sort -n
2012-05-08 13:28:25
User: theist
Functions: cat grep perl sort uniq
Tags: sort uniq geoip
-1

Per country GET report, based on access log. Easy to transform to unique IP

find /some/path -type f -and -printf "%f\n" | egrep -io '\.[^.]*$' | sort | uniq -c | sort -rn
2012-04-02 19:25:35
User: kyle0r
Functions: egrep find sort uniq
Tags: uniq ls grep
0

the

find -printf "%f\n" prints just the file name from the given path. This means directory paths which contain extensions will not be considered.
cat z.log | cut -d ':' -f1,2 | uniq -c
cat z.log | cut -d ':' -f1 | sort | uniq | xargs -l1 -iFF echo 'echo FF $(cat z.log | grep -e "^FF" | grep -e Timeout | wc -l )' | bash
cat z.log | grep Timeout | cut -d ':' -f1 | sort | uniq -c
sed -e 's/[;|][[:space:]]*/\n/g' .bash_history | cut --delimiter=' ' --fields=1 | sort | uniq --count | sort --numeric-sort --reverse | head --lines=20
netstat -Aan | grep .80 | grep -v 127.0.0.1 | grep EST | awk '{print $6}' | cut -d "." -f1,2,3,4 | sort | uniq
2012-02-03 13:54:11
Functions: awk cut grep netstat sort
0

See who is using a specific port. Especially when you're using AIX. In Ubuntu, for example, this can easily be seen with the netstat command.

awk -F":" '!list[$3]++{print $3}' /etc/passwd
awk -F: '{print $3}' /etc/passwd | sort |uniq -d
2012-01-17 11:16:35
User: ultips
Functions: awk sort uniq
0

Detect duplicate UID in you /etc/passwd (or GID in /etc/group file).

Duplicate UID is often forbidden for it can be a security breach.

tcpflow -c port 80 | grep Host
netstat -nt | awk -F":" '{print $2}' | sort | uniq -c
perl -ne 'print if !$a{$_}++'
2011-02-17 02:18:44
User: doherty
Functions: perl
3

Reads stdin, and outputs each line only once - without sorting ahead of time. This does use more memory than your system's sort utility.

find . -type f | awk -F'.' '{print $NF}' | sort| uniq -c | sort -g