Commands by Flameeyes (7)

  • This is a quick replacement for lspci if you need to know what's in a given system but pciutils is not installed. You then need something that can look up the IDs from pci.ids if you want the verbose output. Show Sample Output

    for device in /sys/bus/pci/devices/*; do echo "$(basename ${device} | cut -c '6-') $(cut -c '3-6' ${device}/class): $(cut -c '3-' ${device}/vendor):$(cut -c '3-' ${device}/device)"; done
    Flameeyes · 2012-04-13 03:26:02 2
  • This works in combination with as it reports the NEEDED entries present in the files within a given path. You can then compare it with the libraries that are exported to make sure that, when cross-building a firmware image, you're not bringing in dependencies from the build host. The short version of it as can be seen in the same output is scanelf -RBnq -F "+n#f" $1 | tr ',' '\n' | sort -u Show Sample Output

    scanelf --nobanner --recursive --quiet --needed --format "+n#F" $1 | tr ',' '\n' | sort -u
    Flameeyes · 2012-03-29 18:30:45 0
  • This provides a list of shared object names (sonames) that are exported by a given tree. This is usually useful to make sure that a given required dependency (NEEDED entry) is present in a firmware image tree. The shorter (usable) version for it would be scanelf -RBSq -F "+S#f" But I used the verbose parameters in the command above, for explanation. Show Sample Output

    scanelf --nobanner --recursive --quiet --soname --format "+S#f"
    Flameeyes · 2012-03-29 18:26:25 0
  • The command requires app-text/xmlstarlet but it otherwise self-contained. It extracts all the herds and all the maintainers' email for a given package and is what I'm using on the Tinderbox to make it easier for me to report bugs. Show Sample Output

    xmlstarlet sel -t -m '/pkgmetadata/herd' -v . -n -t -m '/pkgmetadata/maintainer' -v email metadata.xml
    Flameeyes · 2010-08-09 22:37:19 0
  • This does almost the same thing as the original, but it runs the full backtrace for _all_ the threads, which is pretty important when reporting a crash for a multithreaded software, since more often than not, the signal handler is executed in a different thread than the crash happened.

    gdb --batch --quiet -ex "thread apply all bt full" -ex "quit" ${exe} ${corefile}
    Flameeyes · 2010-07-06 14:49:03 2
  • The output is only partial because runtime dependencies should count in also commands executed via system() and libraries loaded with dlopen(), but at least it gives an idea of what a package directly links to. Note: this is meaningful *only* if you're using -Wl,--as-needed in your LDFLAGS, otherwise it'll bring you a bunch of false positives. Show Sample Output

    qlist --exact "$pkg" | sudo scanelf --needed --quiet --format '%n#F' | tr ',' '\n' | sort -u | qfile --from -
    Flameeyes · 2010-07-06 14:39:15 0
  • Revised approach to and3k's version, using pipes and read rather than command substitution. This does not require fiddling with IFS when paths have whitespace, and does not risk hitting command-line size limits. It's less verbose on the missing files, but it stops iterating at the first file that's missing, so it should be definitely faster. I expanded all the qlist options to be more self-describing.

    emerge -av1 `qlist --installed --nocolor | uniq | while read cp; do qlist --exact $cp | while read file; do test -e $file || { echo $cp; echo "$cp: missing $file (and maybe more)" 1>&2; break; }; done; done`
    Flameeyes · 2010-07-04 19:55:42 2

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Create a simple video contact sheet using the vcs bash script
Assumes you've downloaded Toni Corvera's vcs script (, have it in your PATH, and have installed the script's dependencies. Generates a video contact sheet of 24 thumbnails and 3 thumbnails per column. The bold font and white-on-black color scheme keeps the text readable at the chosen 70% JPEG compression quality, which keeps the file size at a manageable level. You can go even lower with the quality and get a good looking result.

Extract android adb ab backup to tar format (only works for non encrypted backups)

Backup sda5 partition to ftp ( using pipes and gziped backup )

List the biggest accessible files/dirs in current directory, sorted

kill some process (same as others) but parsing to a variable
Kills a process matching program. I suggest using $ pgrep -fl program to avoid over-killings Nice the following: kills all bash process owned by guest $ pkill -9 -f bash -u guest

Get IP from hostname

Have your sound card call out elapsed time.
Useful contexts : You are doing yoga or some other physical training in which you are holding a position. Or you practice the pomodoro productivity technique. Or your girlfriend said "We're leaving in 40 minutes". Design details: sleep executes before espeak to give you a 5 seconds head start. espeak is run in the background so it doesn't mess up the timing.

See a full last history by expanding logrotated wtmp files
When your wtmp files are being logrotated, here's an easy way to unpack them all on the fly to see more than a week in the past. The rm is the primitive way to prevent symlink prediction attack.

generate a random 10 character password
generate a table with 10 character ambiguous random passwords which include at least one special character in in password

To have only unique lines in a file

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