Commands by Neo23x0 (12)


  • 0
    find . -type f -exec awk '/linux/ { printf "%s %s: %s\n",FILENAME,NR,$0; }' {} \;
    Neo23x0 · 2011-11-29 12:32:06 1
  • Command makes use of the Malware Hash Registry (http://www.team-cymru.org/Services/MHR/). It parses the current directory and subdirectories and calculates the md5 hash of the files, then prints the name and sends the hash to the MHR for a lookup in their database. The 3rd value in the result is the detection percentage across a mix of AV packages. Show Sample Output


    11
    IFS=$'\n' && for f in `find . -type f -exec md5sum "{}" \;`; do echo $f | sed -r 's/^[^ ]+/Checking:/'; echo $f | cut -f1 -d' ' | netcat hash.cymru.com 43 ; done
    Neo23x0 · 2011-10-15 03:38:47 0
  • Finds a string in files recursively below the current directory on systems without the "egrep" and its "-r" functionality. Show Sample Output


    -5
    find . -type f | xargs grep -l "string"
    Neo23x0 · 2011-08-30 13:22:42 3
  • Rotates log files with "gz"-extension in a directory for 7 days and enumerates the number in file name. i.e.: logfile.1.gz > logfile.2.gz I needed this line due to the limitations on AIX Unix systems which do not ship with the rename command. Show Sample Output


    1
    for i in {6..1} ; do for f in *.$i.gz ; do mv "$f" "${f/.$i.gz}".$((i+1)).gz 2> /dev/null ; done; done
    Neo23x0 · 2011-04-18 11:44:36 0
  • Reuse the last parameter of the previous command line Show Sample Output


    15
    !$
    Neo23x0 · 2010-11-27 14:24:14 0

  • 9
    curl http://www.commandlinefu.com/commands/browse/sort-by-votes/plaintext/[0-2500:25] | grep -v _curl_ > comfu.txt
    Neo23x0 · 2010-04-01 08:46:20 4
  • First we accept a socket and fork the server. Then we overload the new socket as a code ref. This code ref takes one argument, another code ref, which is used as a callback. The callback is called once for every line read on the socket. The line is put into $_ and the socket itself is passed in to the callback. Our callback is scanning the line in $_ for an HTTP GET request. If one is found it parses the file name into $1. Then we use $1 to create an new IO::All file object... with a twist. If the file is executable("-x"), then we create a piped command as our IO::All object. This somewhat approximates CGI support. Whatever the resulting object is, we direct the contents back at our socket which is in $_[0].


    5
    perl -MIO::All -e 'io(":8080")->fork->accept->(sub { $_[0] < io(-x $1 ? "./$1 |" : $1) if /^GET \/(.*) / })'
    Neo23x0 · 2010-03-31 15:03:55 3
  • Adjust Google domain and window width


    6
    curl -A Mozilla http://www.google.com/search?q=test |html2text -width 80
    Neo23x0 · 2009-07-16 22:41:55 6
  • It works like a "tail -f" on several files. Use the number keys 0-9 to set a baseline in the numbered window. Pressing "b" let you scroll back in one of the windows.


    4
    multitail /var/log/messages /var/log/apache2/access.log /var/log/mail.info
    Neo23x0 · 2009-06-22 06:51:11 5
  • Uses logger in a while loop to log memory statistics frequently into the local syslog server.


    3
    while true; do { $(which logger) -p local4.notice `free -m | grep Mem`; sleep 60; } done &
    Neo23x0 · 2009-06-22 00:29:53 0
  • Command binds a set of commands to the F12 key. Feel free to alter the dashboard according to your own needs. How to find the key codes? Type read Then press the desired key (example: F5) ^[[15~ Try bind '"\e[15~"':"\"ssh su@ip-address\C-m""" or bind '"\e[16~"':"\"apachectl -k restart\C-m""" Show Sample Output


    18
    bind '"\e[24~"':"\"ps -elF;df -h;free -mt;netstat -lnpt;who -a\C-m"""
    Neo23x0 · 2009-06-21 23:57:20 5
  • !* is all of the arguments to the previous command rather than just the last one. This is useful in many situations. Here's a simple example: vi cd /stuff oops! [exit vi, twice] !* expands to: cd /stuff


    92
    !*
    Neo23x0 · 2009-06-21 17:58:01 6

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

chroot, bind mount without root privilege/setup
PRoot is a user-space implementation of chroot, mount --bind, and binfmt_misc. This means that users don't need any privileges or setup to do things like using an arbitrary directory as the new root filesystem, making files accessible somewhere else in the filesystem hierarchy, or executing programs built for another CPU architecture transparently through QEMU user-mode. Also, developers can use PRoot as a generic Linux process instrumentation engine thanks to its extension mechanism, see CARE for an example. Technically PRoot relies on ptrace, an unprivileged system-call available in every Linux kernel. https://github.com/cedric-vincent/PRoot

List the URLs of tabs of the frontmost Chrome window in OS X
This also works with Safari if you just change the application name. Replace $ window 1 with $ windows to list the URLs of tabs in all windows instead of only the frontmost window. This also includes titles: $ osascript -e{'set o to""','tell app"google chrome"','repeat with t in tabs of window 1','set o to o&url of t&"\n"&" "&title of t&"\n"',end,end}|sed \$d .

check open ports without netstat or lsof

Find the package that installed a command

Get your bash scripts to handle options (-h, --help etc) and spit out auto-formatted help or man page when asked!!
This will make your bash scripts better!! process-getopt is a wrapper around getopt(1) for bash that lets you define command line options (eg -h, --help) and descriptions through a single function call. These definitions are then used in runtime processing of command line options as well as in generating help and man pages. It also saves a little time in coding and in producing nicely formatted documentation. It is quite similar to GNU's argp in glibc for compiled languages and OptionParse for python. See: Linux Gazette article 162: http://tldp.org/LDP/LGNET/162/hepple.html, http://sourceforge.net/projects/process-getopt, http://bhepple.freeshell.org/oddmuse/wiki.cgi/process-getopt

List your MACs address

Short one line while loop that outputs parameterized content from one file to another
The above is an example of grabbing only the first column. You can define the start and end points specifically by chacater position using the following command: $ while read l; do echo ${l:10:40}; done < three-column-list.txt > column-c10-c40.txt Of course, it doesn't have to be a column, or extraction, it can be replacement $ while read l; do echo ${l/foo/bar}; done < list-with-foo.txt > list-with-bar.txt Read more about parameter expansion here: http://wiki.bash-hackers.org/syntax/pe Think of this as an alternative to awk or sed for file operations

list files recursively by size

HDD Performance Write Test
Test your XFS filesystem and Raptor hard drives for write performance.

Which processes are listening on a specific port (e.g. port 80)
swap out "80" for your port of interest. Can use port number or named ports e.g. "http"


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: