Commands by greggster (7)

  • Use vim's diff mode to edit two or more files in one window. The '+diffoff!' turns off diff highlighting when the session is started. Use ctrl+w + ctrl+w to switch between windows. Show Sample Output


    2
    vim -d '+diffoff!' file1 file2
    greggster · 2012-08-30 07:51:41 0
  • Sort lines within vi editor. In this example sort lines 33-61 and lines 4-9 asciibetically. Show Sample Output


    6
    :33,61 !sort
    greggster · 2011-05-06 06:10:05 1
  • rm -rf .* matches ".." and thus one goes up a level and wipes out more than intended. In bash, .??* safely accomplishes what one intends - remove those .files The ? matches most characters except "/", thus .?? does not match ../ and so one is safe. Show Sample Output


    0
    rm -rf .??*
    greggster · 2011-03-11 07:21:58 5
  • When setting up a new aliases file, or having creating a new file.. About every time after editing an aliases file, I source it. This alias makes editing alias a bit easier and they are useful right away. Note if the source failed, it will not echo "aliases sourced". Sub in vi for your favorite editor, or alter for ksh, sh, etc.


    7
    alias va='vi ~/.aliases; source ~/.aliases && echo "aliases sourced"'
    greggster · 2011-03-10 06:41:37 1
  • This is for bash - make an alias - also a good blueprint for making aliases that take arguments to functions. If for Solaris use "-size +${1}000000c" to replace "-size +${1}M" Show Sample Output


    0
    alias big='BIG () { find . -size +${1}M -ls; }; BIG $1'
    greggster · 2011-03-10 06:33:00 1
  • until (ssh root@10.1.1.39 2> /dev/null); do date; sleep 15; done In this case will execute "date" then "sleep 15" until we are able to ssh into server, such as after a reboot Could also be like: until ( ping 10.1.1.39 1> /dev/null); do echo "server 10.1.1.39 is down"; sleep 15; done Show Sample Output


    8
    until (ssh root@10.1.1.39 2> /dev/null); do date; sleep 15; done
    greggster · 2011-03-08 08:42:12 2
  • This is useful for quickly jumping around branches in a file system, or operating on a parellel file. This is tested in bash. cd to (substitute in PWD, a for b) where PWD is the bash environmental variable for the "working directory" Show Sample Output


    7
    cd ${PWD/a/b}
    greggster · 2011-03-03 06:27:12 4

What's this?

commandlinefu.com is the place to record those command-line gems that you return to again and again. That way others can gain from your CLI wisdom and you from theirs too. All commands can be commented on, discussed and voted up or down.

Share Your Commands


Check These Out

Ride another SSH agent
Must be done as root - will cause subsequent ssh connections to use the identities available via the [user]'s agent socket.

Convert seconds to [DD:][HH:]MM:SS
Converts any number of seconds into days, hours, minutes and seconds. sec2dhms() { declare -i SS="$1" D=$(( SS / 86400 )) H=$(( SS % 86400 / 3600 )) M=$(( SS % 3600 / 60 )) S=$(( SS % 60 )) [ "$D" -gt 0 ] && echo -n "${D}:" [ "$H" -gt 0 ] && printf "%02g:" "$H" printf "%02g:%02g\n" "$M" "$S" }

Get your external IP address if your machine has a DNS entry
Easy way to see your real external IP

Reboot without being root
For more, See: https://github.com/noureddin/bash-scripts/blob/master/user_scripts/userpower

Rapidly invoke an editor to write a long, complex, or tricky command
Allows you to edit your command using your chosen editor. Works in bash with "set -o vi".

Display laptop battery information

Using netcat to copy files between servers
It bypasses encryption overhead of SSH and depending on configuration can be significantly faster. It's recommended to use only in trusted networks.

Faster find and move using the find and xargs commands. Almost as fast as locate.
Only tested on Linux Ubunty Hardy. Works when file names have spaces. The "-maxdepth 2" limits the find search to the current directory and the next one deeper in this example. This was faster on my system because find was searching every directory before the current directory without the -maxdepth option. Almost as fast as locate when used as above. Must use double quotes around pattern to handle spaces in file names. -print0 is used in combination with xargs -0. Those are zeros not "O"s. For xargs, -I is used to replace the following "{}" with the incoming file-list items from find. Echo just prints to the command line what is happening with mv. mv needs "{}" again so it knows what you are moving from. Then end with the move destination. Some other versions may only require one "{}" in the move command and not after the -I, however this is what worked for me on Ubuntu 8.04. Some like to use -type f in the find command to limit the type.

Number of files in a SVN Repository
This command will output the total number of files in a SVN Repository.

Flush DNS cache in MacOS 10.5


Stay in the loop…

Follow the Tweets.

Every new command is wrapped in a tweet and posted to Twitter. Following the stream is a great way of staying abreast of the latest commands. For the more discerning, there are Twitter accounts for commands that get a minimum of 3 and 10 votes - that way only the great commands get tweeted.

» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu3
» http://twitter.com/commandlinefu10

Subscribe to the feeds.

Use your favourite RSS aggregator to stay in touch with the latest commands. There are feeds mirroring the 3 Twitter streams as well as for virtually every other subset (users, tags, functions,…):

Subscribe to the feed for: