Commands by greggster (7)

  • Use vim's diff mode to edit two or more files in one window. The '+diffoff!' turns off diff highlighting when the session is started. Use ctrl+w + ctrl+w to switch between windows. Show Sample Output


    2
    vim -d '+diffoff!' file1 file2
    greggster · 2012-08-30 07:51:41 0
  • Sort lines within vi editor. In this example sort lines 33-61 and lines 4-9 asciibetically. Show Sample Output


    6
    :33,61 !sort
    greggster · 2011-05-06 06:10:05 1
  • rm -rf .* matches ".." and thus one goes up a level and wipes out more than intended. In bash, .??* safely accomplishes what one intends - remove those .files The ? matches most characters except "/", thus .?? does not match ../ and so one is safe. Show Sample Output


    0
    rm -rf .??*
    greggster · 2011-03-11 07:21:58 5
  • When setting up a new aliases file, or having creating a new file.. About every time after editing an aliases file, I source it. This alias makes editing alias a bit easier and they are useful right away. Note if the source failed, it will not echo "aliases sourced". Sub in vi for your favorite editor, or alter for ksh, sh, etc.


    7
    alias va='vi ~/.aliases; source ~/.aliases && echo "aliases sourced"'
    greggster · 2011-03-10 06:41:37 1
  • This is for bash - make an alias - also a good blueprint for making aliases that take arguments to functions. If for Solaris use "-size +${1}000000c" to replace "-size +${1}M" Show Sample Output


    0
    alias big='BIG () { find . -size +${1}M -ls; }; BIG $1'
    greggster · 2011-03-10 06:33:00 1
  • until (ssh root@10.1.1.39 2> /dev/null); do date; sleep 15; done In this case will execute "date" then "sleep 15" until we are able to ssh into server, such as after a reboot Could also be like: until ( ping 10.1.1.39 1> /dev/null); do echo "server 10.1.1.39 is down"; sleep 15; done Show Sample Output


    8
    until (ssh root@10.1.1.39 2> /dev/null); do date; sleep 15; done
    greggster · 2011-03-08 08:42:12 2
  • This is useful for quickly jumping around branches in a file system, or operating on a parellel file. This is tested in bash. cd to (substitute in PWD, a for b) where PWD is the bash environmental variable for the "working directory" Show Sample Output


    7
    cd ${PWD/a/b}
    greggster · 2011-03-03 06:27:12 4

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Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

Rename all files in lower case
rename is a really powerfull to, as its name suggests, rename files

Search big files with long lines
This is a handy way to circumvent the "Maximum line length of 2048 exceeded" grep error. Once you have run the above command (or put it in your .bashrc), files can be searched using: $ lgrep search-string /file/to/search

Formatted list - WWNs of all LUNs
Use `scsi_id` to positively identify which LUNs are which (i.e. compare with the list of LUNs you created on your disk array) (shown: RHEL5 usage) Debian usage: $ # for i in /dev/sd* ; do wwn=`/lib/udev/scsi_id -g --device $i` ; [ "$wwn" != "" ] && echo -e ${i##*/}'\t'$wwn ;done

Find the package that installed a command

Determine what an process is actually doing

combining streams
2>&1 permit to combinate stdout and stderr. grep will catch stderr and stdout instead of stdout only.

Get AWS temporary credentials ready to export based on a MFA virtual appliance
You might want to secure your AWS operations requiring to use a MFA token. But then to use API or tools, you need to pass credentials generated with a MFA token. This commands asks you for the MFA code and retrieves these credentials using AWS Cli. To print the exports, you can use: `awk '{ print "export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=\"" $1 "\"\n" "export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=\"" $2 "\"\n" "export AWS_SESSION_TOKEN=\"" $3 "\"" }'` You must adapt the command line to include: * $MFA_IDis ARN of the virtual MFA or serial number of the physical one * TTL for the credentials

Print all the lines between 10 and 20 of a file
Subtly different to the -n+p method... and probably wrong in so many ways....... But it's shorter. Just.

combine `mkdir foo && cd foo` into a single function `mcd foo`
I find that I create a directory and then cd into that directory quite often. I found this little function on the internets somewhere and thought I'd share it. Just copy-paste it into you ~/.bash_profile and then `source ~/.bash_profile`.


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